Texas Tech University ( Texas Tech, Tech, or TTU ) is a populace research university in Lubbock, Texas. Established on February 10, 1923 ( ), and called Texas Technological College until 1969, it is the main institution of the five-institution Texas Tech University System. The university ‘s student registration is the seventh-largest in Texas as of the precipitate 2018 semester. As of fall 2020, there were 40,322 students ( 33,269 undergraduate and 7,053 alumnus ) enrolled at Texas Tech. [ 10 ] With over 25 % of its undergraduate student population identifying as Hispanic, Texas Tech University is a destine Hispanic-serving institution ( HSI ). [ 11 ] The university offers degrees in more than 150 courses of study through 13 colleges and hosts 60 research centers and institutes. Texas Tech University has awarded over 200,000 degrees since 1927, including over 40,000 graduate and professional degrees. Texas Tech is classified among “ R1 : doctoral Universities – very high research bodily process. ” [ 12 ] Research projects in the areas of epidemiology, pulse world power, power system calculation, nanophotonics, atmospheric sciences, and wind energy are among the most outstanding at the university. The spanish Renaissance -themed campus, described by generator James Michener as “ the most beautiful west of the Mississippi until you get to Stanford “, has been awarded the Grand Award for excellence in grounds-keeping, and has been noted for possessing a populace art solicitation among the ten-spot best in the United States.
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The Texas Tech Red Raiders are rent members of the Big 12 Conference and compete in Division I for all varsity sports. The bolshevik Raiders football team has made 36 bowl appearances, which is 17th most of any university. The crimson Raiders basketball team has made 14 appearances in the NCAA Division I Tournament. Bob Knight, who has the second-most wins as a promontory coach in men ‘s NCAA Division I basketball history, served as the team ‘s head passenger car from 2001 to 2008. The lady Raiders basketball team won the 1993 NCAA Division I Tournament. In 1999, Texas Tech ‘s Goin ‘ Band from Raiderland received the Sudler Trophy, which is awarded to “ recognize collegiate marching bands of especial excellence ”. Although the majority of the university ‘s students are from the southwestern United States, the educate has served students from all 50 states and more than 100 countries. Texas Tech alumnus and former students have gone on to big careers in government, clientele, skill, medicate, department of education, sports, and entertainment .
history [edit ]
administration [edit ]
The call to open a college in West Texas began concisely after settlers arrived in the area in the 1880s. [ 13 ] [ 14 ] In 1917, the Texas legislature passed a bill creating a outgrowth of Texas A & M to be in Abilene. [ 15 ] however, the poster was repealed two years late during the adjacent session after it was discovered Governor James E. Ferguson had falsely reported the site committee ‘s choice of location. After new legislation passed in the state house and united states senate in 1921, Governor Pat Neff vetoed it, citing hard fiscal times in West Texas. ferocious about Neff ‘s veto, some in West Texas went thus far as to recommend West Texas secede from the state. [ 16 ] In 1923, the legislature decided, rather than a ramify campus, a new university would good serve the region ‘s needs under legislation co-authored by State Senator William H. Bledsoe of Lubbock and State Representative Roy Alvin Baldwin of Slaton in southern Lubbock County. [ 17 ] On February 10, 1923, Neff signed the legislation creating Texas Technological College, and in July of that class, a committee began searching for a site. [ 16 ] When the committee ‘s members visited Lubbock, they were overwhelmed to find residents lining the streets to show confirm for hosting the institution. [ 18 ] [ 19 ] That August, Lubbock was chosen on the first ballot over other area towns, including Floydada, Plainview, Big Spring, and Sweetwater. [ 18 ] construction of the college campus began on November 1, 1924. [ 14 ] Ten days late, the cornerstone of the Administration Building was laid in movement of 20,000 people. Governor Pat Neff, Amon G. Carter, Reverend E. E. Robinson, Colonel Ernest O. Thompson, and Representative Richard M. Chitwood, the chair of the House Education Committee, who became the first Texas Tech business director, spoke at the consequence. Chitwood served in the put only fifteen months ; he died in November 1926. [ 20 ] With an registration of 914 students—both men and women—Texas Technological College opened for classes on October 1, 1925. [ 21 ] [ 22 ] [ 23 ] It was primitively composed of four schools—Agriculture, Engineering, Home Economics, and Liberal Arts. [ 17 ] Texas Tech grew slowly in the early years. During the 1930s, Bradford Knapp, the university ‘s second president, proceeded with an expansion program, which included new dormitories, the first library ( immediately the mathematics build ), a golf course, a swimming pool, paved streets and alleys, and landscape. A project $ 80,000 allocation for a football stadium was shelved. The library won the approval of Governor James V. Allred. Because the department of state cut appropriations by 30 % at the beginning of the Great Depression, President Knapp applied for aid from the major New Deal agencies to expand Texas Tech, including the Works Progress Administration, Public Works Administration ( PWA ), Civil Works Administration, and the National Youth Administration. Wyatt C. Hedrick, son-in-law of Governor Ross S. Sterling, was the architect of all campus PWA projects. [ 24 ] military train was conducted at the college arsenic early as 1925, but formal Reserve Officers ‘ Training Corps prepare did not start until 1936. By 1939, the school ‘s registration had grown to 3,890. Although registration declined during World War II, Texas Tech trained 4,747 men in its armed forces training detachments. [ 17 ] Following the war, in 1946, the college saw its registration leap to 5,366 from a low of 1,696 in 1943. [ 25 ]
expansion and growth [edit ]
By the 1960s, the school had expanded its offerings to more than precisely technical subjects. [ 26 ] The Faculty Advisory Committee suggested changing the identify to “ Texas State University ”, feeling the give voice “ technical College ” did not define the initiation ‘s scope. [ 27 ] While most students supported this change, the Board of Directors and many alumni, wanting to preserve the Double T, opposed it. [ 28 ] other names—University of the Southwest, Texas Technological College and State University, [ 29 ] and The Texas University of Art, Science and Technology—were considered, [ 30 ] but the Board of Directors chose Texas Tech University, submitting it to the state legislature in 1964. A failed move by Governor John Connally to have the school placed into the Texas A & M University System, adenine well as continued disagreement and heat consider over the school ‘s new name, kept the name change from being approved. [ 26 ] [ 27 ] In malice of objections by many students and faculty, the Board of Directors again submitted the change in 1969. It last received the legislature ‘s approval on June 6 and the mention Texas Tech University went into consequence that September. [ 30 ] All of the institution ‘s schools, except Law, became colleges. [ 17 ] [ 31 ] Texas Tech was integrated in 1961 when three african-american students were admitted. After its initial rejection of the students ‘ registration and the threat of a lawsuit, the university enacted a policy to admit “ all certified applicants careless of color ”. [ 32 ] The university offered its first acrobatic scholarship to a black student in 1967, when Danny Hardaway was recruited to play for the Red Raiders football team. [ 33 ] In 1970, Hortense W. Dixon became the first african american english student to earn a doctor’s degree from the university. [ 34 ] In 1972 Charles Henry became the first base full-time african American staff member. [ 35 ] In the 1960s and 1970s, the university invested US $ 150 million in the campus to construct buildings for the library, extraneous languages, social sciences, communications, philosophy, electrical and petroleum technology, artwork, and architecture. Some other buildings were importantly expanded. [ 36 ] On May 29, 1969, the 61st Texas Legislature created the Texas Tech University School of Medicine. [ 37 ] The Texas Legislature expanded the medical school charter in 1979, creating the Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center. TTUHSC, which is now part of the Texas Tech University System, includes Schools of Allied Health Sciences, Medicine, Nursing, Pharmacy, and the Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences. It has locations in four Texas cities in addition to the independent campus in Lubbock. [ 38 ] In 2011, the unite registration in the Texas Tech University System was greater than 42,000 students—a 48 % increase since 2000. Chancellor Kent Hance reiterated plans for Texas Tech ‘s independent campus to reach registration of 40,000 students by 2020, with extra 5,000 students at Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center and 10,000 students at Angelo State University. [ 39 ]
recent history [edit ]
Texas Tech ‘s English and Philosophy Building, with architecture influenced by English manors, faces a build of similar manner for the College of Education. In 1996, the Board of Regents of Texas Tech University created the Texas Tech University System. Former State Senator John T. Montford, later of San Antonio, was selected as the first gear chancellor to lead the combine academic enterprise. [ 40 ] Regents Chair Edward Whitacre Jr. stated the motivate was made due to the initiation ‘s size and complexity. “ It ‘s meter ”, he said, “ to take the university into the twenty-first century ”. [ 36 ] The Texas Tech University system originally included Texas Tech University and Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center. On November 6, 2007, the voters of Texas approved an amendment to the Texas Constitution realigning Angelo State University with the Texas Tech University System. [ 41 ] Kent Hance, a Texas Tech calibrate who had served as United States Representative and as one of the three elected members of the Texas Board which regulates the oil-and-gas industry, assumed the duties of chancellor on December 1, 2006. [ 42 ] Although growth continued at Texas Tech, the university was not immune to controversy. In 2003, a junior scholar at the Texas Tech School of Law filed lawsuit against the university over its policy on free lecture zones, which restricted scholar language to a single “ absolve manner of speaking gazebo ”. [ 43 ] The following year, a union judge declared the policy unconstitutional. [ 43 ] [ 44 ] [ 45 ] To meet the demands of its increased registration and expanding research, the university has invested more than $ 548 million in newly structure since 2000. It has besides received more than $ 65.9 million in private donations. [ 36 ] In April 2009, the Texas House of Representatives passed a poster to increase state financing for seven populace universities. Texas Tech University is classified by the state as an “ Emerging Research University “, and is among the universities that will receive extra state fund for advancement toward “ Tier 1 ” status. Three funds—the Research University Development Fund, the Texas Research Incentive Program, and the National Research University Benchmark Fund—have been established and will provide $ 500 million in grants and matching funds during fiscal years 2010 and 2011. [ 46 ] On September 2, 2009, the university announced it had received private gifts totaling $ 24.3 million. Of these, $ 21.5 million are eligible for peer under the Texas Research Incentive Program. [ 47 ] In recently 2011 and throughout 2012–13, construction began on several new buildings on campus. [ 48 ] The construction included a new $ 20 million Petroleum Engineering and Research construction, a new build up to family the Rawls College of Business, two modern residency halls, a $ 3.5 million chapel, and across-the-board remodel of the build up that previously housed the Rawls College of Business. [ 48 ] The university organization ‘s endowment surpassed the $ 1 billion barrier for the first meter in March 2014 at $ 1.043 billion. [ 49 ]
Academics [edit ]
By registration, Texas Tech is the seventh-largest university in Texas and the largest institution of higher department of education in the western two-thirds of the express. In the fall 2014 semester, Texas Tech set a commemorate registration with 35,134 students. [ 59 ] For the 2014 registration year, most students came from Texas ( 95.17 % ), followed by New Mexico, California, Colorado, Oklahoma, and Florida. [ 60 ] Altogether, the university has educated students from all 50 US states and over 100 foreign countries. [ 61 ] Enrollment has continued to increase in holocene years, and growth is on lead with a plan to have 40,000 students by 2020. [ 62 ] From 1927 to 2011, the university awarded 173,551 bachelor ‘s, 34,541 passkey ‘s, 5,906 doctoral, and 7,092 law degrees. [ 63 ] The Princeton Review ranked Texas Tech among the 125 best colleges in the Western United States in its 2015 edition. [ 64 ] The 2016 U.S. News & World Report rankings listed the university at 168th nationally and 91st amongst public schools. The 2013 Shanghai Jiao Tong Rankings placed Texas Tech University at 401 cosmopolitan, which tied it with chap Big 12 schools Oklahoma and Kansas State, among others. [ 65 ] In 2010, the Wall Street Journal ranked the university 18th in its rank of calibrate sex appeal for job recruiters. [ 66 ] Three of the university ‘s undergraduate programs are ranked by PayScale as in the top 20 nationally in mid-career wage : artwork, Physical and Life Sciences, and Education. [ 67 ] In its 2015 version, U.S. News & World Report noted the university has a “ selective ” undergraduate admissions policy. [ 68 ] As a public university, Texas Tech is subject to Texas House Bill 588, which guarantees Texas high educate seniors in the clear 10 % of their calibrate class admission to any populace Texas university. In 2012, 20.3 % of incoming freshmen were admitted in this manner. About half of incoming freshmen finished in the peak quarter of their calibrate classes. [ 69 ] In 2016, the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education listed Texas Tech among 115 most big research schools, normally known as “ Carnegie Tier One ”. [ 70 ] [ 71 ] Texas Tech University is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. [ 72 ] The university offers 150 bachelor ‘s, 104 chief ‘s, and 59 doctoral degree programs. [ 73 ] Texas Tech has five satellite campuses in Texas—in Abilene, Amarillo, Fredericksburg, Highland Lakes, and Junction. [ 74 ] Texas Tech besides has a satellite campus in Europe, in Seville, Spain, and one in Escazú, San José, Costa Rica. [ 75 ] Additional study-abroad programs are offered in assorted countries, such as Denmark, England, France, and Italy. [ 76 ] The Office of International Affairs supports and facilitates the international deputation of Texas Tech University. It provides services for staff and students, offers international educational and cultural experiences for the school and community, and contributes to the university ‘s globalization serve and its effort to grow as an international educational and research center. The International Cultural Center provides a continual series of conferences, lectures, artwork exhibitions, and performances. [ 77 ]
Colleges and schools [edit ]
Texas Tech has expanded from its original four schools to comprise ten colleges and two schools. [ 73 ] In the 2015 U.S. News & World Report report on higher department of education, the Whitacre College of Engineering was ranked 94th in the nation. [ 78 ] In 2009, the college ‘s Petroleum Engineering Department was ranked tenth good in the nation. [ 79 ] [ 80 ] The college offers 11 engineer programs accredited by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology. [ 81 ] On November 12, 2008, following a $ 25 million gift from AT & T in honor of alumnus Edward Whitacre Jr., the college was formally renamed the Edward E. Whitacre Jr. College of Engineering. [ 82 ]
chemistry build The largest academic division on campus, the College of Arts & Sciences offers knight bachelor ‘s, maestro ‘s, and doctoral degrees in a wide scope of subjects from doctrine to mathematics. In 2004, the College of Mass Communications and the College of Visual & Performing Arts were created from programs organized within the College of Arts and Sciences. The College of Mass Communications changed its identify to the College of Media & Communication in 2012 and offers degrees in several areas, including advertising, journalism and electronic media, and public relations. The College of Visual & Performing Arts was renamed in honor of the contributions by the J. T. & Margaret Talkington Foundation in 2016 ; Programs offered through Talkington College are accredited by the National Association of Schools of Art and Design, the National Association of Schools of Music, and the National Association of Schools of Theatre. [ 83 ] once the Division of Home Economics, the College of Human Sciences now offers degrees in put on and master studies, design, human development, nutrition, cordial reception, and retail. The College of Human Sciences ‘ Department of Personal Financial Planning was ranked in 2011 as the peak program out of ten standout programs by the industry newsletter, Financial Planning. [ 84 ] The College of Architecture, founded in 1927, offers programs accredited by the National Architectural Accrediting Board. [ 85 ] The Rawls College of Business, which is accredited by the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business, is the university ‘s business school. [ 86 ] The college offers bachelor ‘s, dominate ‘s, and doctoral degrees in clientele disciplines. [ 87 ] [ 88 ] In its 2016 “ Best Grad Schools ” rankings, U.S. News & World Report ranked the graduate commercial enterprise program 91st in the United States. [ 89 ] The college ‘s health organization management academic degree program was ranked forty-first. From its origin in 1942, the clientele school was known as the Division of Commerce, until it was renamed the College of Business Administration in 1956. In 2000, following a $ 25 million gift from alumnus Jerry S. Rawls, the college was formally renamed the Jerry S. Rawls College of Business Administration. [ 17 ]
architecture build In 1967, both the College of Education and the Texas Tech University School of Law were founded. The College of Education instructs future teachers and is accredited by the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education. The School of Law is an american Bar Association -accredited law school on the main campus in Lubbock, and came in 2nd statewide in the 2013 Bar Examination bye rate with 95.45 percentage. [ 83 ] [ 90 ] The school offers Juris Doctor degrees which can be earned in conjunction with Master of Business Administration or Master of Science degrees through the adjacent Rawls College of Business. All graduate programs offered at Texas Tech University are oversee by the Graduate School, which was formally established in 1954. The university ‘s Honors College allows blue-ribbon students to design a customize course of study that incorporates a broad range of disciplines, and offers students the opportunity for early on entree into Texas Tech University ‘s medical and law schools. In September 2008, the University College was established. once known as the College of Outreach and Distance Education, the college was created by bringing in concert the Division of Off-Campus Sites and the Division of Outreach and Distance Education. [ 91 ] Texas Tech ‘s six in-state satellite campuses are under the auspices of the college. additionally, it oversees the Texas Tech University Independent School District. [ 92 ] The Texas Tech University System besides operates a aesculapian school, the Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center. It offers Schools of Allied Health Sciences, Biomedical Sciences, Medicine, Nursing, and Pharmacy. While it is a discrete entity, separate from Texas Tech University, it offers joint degrees ( such as MD/MBA ) through coordination with the university. Further, the Health Sciences Center is on the university ‘s main campus in Lubbock. In addition to the Lubbock campus, TTUHSC has campuses in Abilene, Amarillo, El Paso, Dallas, and Odessa .
inquiry [edit ]
Texas Tech, in collaboration with Harvard University, has developed a treatment that may be a cure for HIV. Classified by the Carnegie Foundation in 2016 as one of only 115 research universities with “ highest activity ”, [ 93 ] Texas Tech University hosts 71 research centers and institutes. [ 94 ] In 2008, a team of researchers from Texas Tech University and Harvard University announced the development of an siRNA -based treatment that may ultimately counteract the human immunodeficiency virus ( HIV ). Human cells infected with HIV, injected into rats, have been cured by the experimental treatment. clinical trials on humans are expected to begin by 2010. [ 95 ] [ 96 ] [ 97 ] Texas Tech researchers besides hold the exclusive license for HemoTech, a human lineage substitute composed of bovine hemoglobin. HemoBioTech, the company marketing the technology, believes HemoTech will diminish the intrinsic toxicities that have stifled previous attempts to develop a human blood ersatz. [ 98 ] On January 14, 2008, Texas Tech University announced the creation of the West Texas Influenza Research Center. The university has concluded human clinical screen of oral interferon in a five-year sketch of idiopathic pneumonic fibrosis and continues its study of chronic clogging pneumonic disease. [ 99 ] Following the May 11, 1970, Lubbock Tornado that caused 26 fatalities and over $ 698 million ( 2013 dollars ) in damage in Lubbock, the National Wind Institute ( once the Wind Science and Engineering Research Center or WISE ) was established. The National Wind Institute Center, which includes 56,000 square feet ( 5,200 m2 ) of indoor testing ground space, is focused on inquiry, education, and information outreach. [ 100 ] The interdisciplinary research program studies methods to exploit the beneficial qualities of wind instrument and to mitigate its damaging effects. The center offers education in wind skill and engineering to develop professionals who are experts in creating designs which deal effectively with problems caused by high winds. The Center instituted the nation ‘s first Ph.D platform in Wind Science and Engineering in 2003. [ 101 ] National Wind Institute researchers contributed importantly to the development of the Enhanced Fujita Scale for rating the intensity of tornadoes. [ 102 ]
Columbia. Texas Tech alumnus Rick Husband was the final examination commander of Space Shuttle Texas Tech has made many contributions to NASA projects. Daniel Cooke, Computer Science Department Chair, and his colleagues are working to develop the technical content of the intelligent Systems Program, and have been awarded a five-year budget valued at $ 350 million. [ 103 ] University scientists have besides teamed with NASA ‘s steering, navigation, and control engineers to develop the Onboard Abort Executive ( OAE ), software capable of quickly deciding the best naturally of action during an ascent failure. [ 104 ] [ 105 ] The Texas Tech Space Research Initiative has besides partnered with NASA to perfect methods for growing fresh vegetables in space and to determine the most efficient ways to recycle effluent. [ 106 ] In November 1996, the university dedicated the Charles A. Bassett II Pulse Laboratory to honor engineering alumnus and Gemini -era astronaut Charles A. Bassett II. [ 107 ] In total, Texas Tech has helped to produce five astronauts including Bassett, Paul Lockhart, and Rick Husband ; Husband was commander of STS-107, the final trajectory of Space Shuttle Columbia. [ 108 ] [ 109 ] [ 110 ] [ Note 2 ] In 2008, the pulse exponent electronics lab received $ 4 million in federal fund. Among other things, the money will be used to create compendious generators for weapon systems designed to destroy improvised explosive devices ( IEDs ). [ 111 ] The College of Engineering ‘s Nano Tech Center has received approximately $ 20 million in grants toward its work in apply nanophotonics, the universe and handling of advance materials at the nanoscale that can produce and sense light. [ 112 ] Texas Tech ‘s Center for Advanced Analytics and Business Intelligence performs grid computing research through collaboration with the SAS Institute that seeks to improve the accelerate with which large quantities of data ( such as those present in genomics and ball-shaped economics ) can be processed. [ 113 ] Texas Tech ‘s College of Agricultural Science and Natural Resources has received country and federal grants for research projects including the fiber properties of cotton, the antibacterial properties of cotton framework, and the development of chemical-warfare protective fabrics. [ 114 ] The college has besides created two grass variants, Shadow Turf, a drought-tolerant turf grass that thrives in shade, and Tech Turf ( marketed as Turffalo ), a turf grass with the rich people color and texture of Bermuda and the resilience of buffalo grass. [ 115 ] [ 116 ]
Online and regional determine programs [edit ]
Texas Tech offers on-line and regional programs in accession to programs offered on the chief campus. [ 117 ] There are programs that are amply on-line, hybrid/blended, and at regional sites. The university offers bachelor ‘s, victor ‘s, and doctoral degrees, adenine well as a graduate certificate training platform, at the regional sites of El Paso, Fredericksburg, Highland Lakes, Center at Junction, and Waco. Texas Tech ‘s on-line mastermind program besides gained recognition from U.S. News & World Report, ranking 20th on their list of the best calibrate on-line engineering programs. [ 118 ]
campus [edit ]
Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library The Lubbock campus is home to the main academic university, law school, and aesculapian educate ( Health Sciences Center ). It is one of two institutions ( the other being UT Austin ) in Texas to have a graduate school, law school, and medical school on its main campus. [ 119 ] [ 120 ] The campus, which boasts spanish Renaissance computer architecture, was described by american english writer James A. Michener as the “ most beautiful west of the Mississippi until you get to Stanford “ and by Stewart Mandel of Sports Illustrated as “ easily one of the ten most beautiful campuses ” he had seen. [ 121 ] [ 122 ] [ 123 ] [ 124 ] many buildings on campus borrow architectural elements from those found at University de Alcalá in Alcalá de Henares, Spain, and Mission San José in San Antonio. [ 125 ] A bombastic section of the campus built between 1924 and 1951 is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Texas Technological College Historic District. This area is roughly bounded by 6th Street on the north, University Avenue on the east, 19th Street on the south, and Flint Street on the west. [ 126 ] In 2008, the Professional Grounds Management Society awarded Texas Tech the Grand Award for excellence in grounds-keeping, and merit awards in 2007, 2010, and 2014. [ 127 ] In 1998, the Board of Regents of the Texas Tech University System created the Texas Tech University Public Art Collection to enliven the campus environment and extend the university ‘s educational deputation. It is funded by using one percentage of the estimated total price of each new building on campus. [ 128 ] The collection features pieces from artists such as Tom Otterness and Glenna Goodacre. Public Art Review has ranked the Texas Tech University Public Art Collection among the ten best university public art collections in the United States. [ 129 ] [ 130 ]
Pfluger Fountain The university besides hosts the Museum of Texas Tech University, which was founded in 1929 and is accredited by the american Alliance of Museums. [ 131 ] The museum is home to over eight million objects and specimens and houses the Moody Planetarium, art galleries, a sculpture court, and a natural skill research lab. It besides operates the Val Verde County inquiry site and the Lubbock Lake Landmark, [ 132 ] an archaeological site and natural history preserve in the city of Lubbock. The locate has testify of 12,000 years of use by ancient cultures on the Llano Estacado ( Southern High Plains ), and allows visitors to watch active archaeological digs. Visiting scientists and tourists may besides participate in the discovery march. Lubbock Lake Landmark is a National Historic Landmark, which lists it on the National Register of Historic Places, and is a indicate State Archaeological Landmark. [ 133 ] Texas Tech is besides the placement of the Southwest Collection of historical archives and the patronize institution of the West Texas Historical Association. [ 134 ] Located on the northern edge of the campus is the National Ranching Heritage Center, a museum of ranching history. The site spans 27.5 acres ( 0.111 km2 ) and is home to 38 historic structures that have been restored to their original condition. Structures represented at the center include a linecamp, a bunker, a bunkhouse, a blacksmith patronize, a cowchip sign of the zodiac, a school, corrals, shipping pens, windmills, chuckwagons, and a coal-fired locomotive. [ 135 ] The university maintains a number of libraries, some general-purpose and some dedicated to specific topics such as architecture and law. Among the most luminary of these are the Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library and the Vietnam Center and Archive, the nation ‘s largest and most comprehensive examination collections of information on the Vietnam War. [ 136 ] On August 17, 2007, the Vietnam Center and Archive became the first US mental hospital to sign a formalize exchange agreement with the State Records and Archives Department of Vietnam. This opens the door for a two-way exchange between the entities. [ 137 ] [ 138 ]
scholar life [edit ]
Goin ‘ Band from Raiderland There are over 516 student clubs and organizations at Texas Tech. [ 139 ] many students participate in greek Life. [ 140 ] Texas Tech Greek Life includes 12 Panhellenic Sororities and 24\2 InterFraternity Council Fraternities, a well as groups in the National Pan-Hellenic Council ( NPHC ) and Multicultural Greek Council ( MGC ). [ 141 ] The Student Union Building, located centrally on campus, is the hub of day by day student activity. It houses restaurants, chocolate shops, a book memory, meet rooms, lecture halls, movie rooms, and discipline areas, equally well as the offices and meeting rooms of respective scholar organizations and the Student Government Association. Directly future to the Student Union Building is the School of Music, home plate of the Texas Tech Goin ‘ Band from Raiderland. The 450-member band, which was awarded the Sudler Trophy in 1999, performs at all home football games and other events. [ 142 ] approximately 20 % of students live on campus, and most students live on campus for at least a fortune of their academic careers. [ 143 ] [ 144 ] Students with fewer than 30 hours of academic credit are required to live in university house unless they receive an exemption. specific residence halls and communities exist for graduate students, athletes, and assorted specific interests and academic disciplines. Every resident on campus is a penis of the Texas Tech Residence Hall Association which provides respective on campus scheduling and leadership opportunities. RHA is led by an Executive Board and Senate with scholar representatives from each residence dormitory. The organization is besides a member of the South West Affiliate of College and Universities Residence Halls. [ 145 ]
Student Union Building International award societies Phi Beta Kappa ( liberal arts and sciences ), Delta Epsilon Psi, Beta Gamma Sigma ( business ), and Tau Beta Pi ( technology ) have chapters at the university. [ 146 ] [ 147 ] [ 148 ] Professional, servicing, and sociable fraternities and sororities on campus include Alpha Phi Omega ( serve ), Alpha Kappa Psi ( commercial enterprise ), Delta Sigma Pi ( business ), Alpha Omega Epsilon ( mastermind ), Phi Alpha Delta ( law ), Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia ( music ), Kappa Kappa Psi ( band ), and Tau Beta Sigma ( band ). [ 149 ] [ 150 ] [ 151 ] [ 152 ] [ 153 ] Professional development and research organizations hosted by the university include the Howard Hughes Medical Institute Undergraduate Research Fellowship Program, the Center for the Integration of Science Education and Research, the Society of Engineering Technologists, Student Bar Association, and the Texas Tech Forensic Union. Texas Tech is besides the only Power Five university in Texas that is a Hispanic-serving Institution. [ 154 ] Spirit organizations representing Texas Tech include the high Riders, Saddle Tramps, and the Sabre Flight Drill Team. The university maintains KTXT-FM 88.1, once a student radio station focusing on alternative, indie rock, industrial, and hip hop music. After 47 years, the station went off the air on December 10, 2008. [ 155 ] It returned in May 2009 with a different format and plans to finally return to its former expressive style. [ 156 ] National Public Radio station KTTZ-FM 89.1, which features classical music and news, is besides found on campus. additionally, the university owns and operates Public Broadcasting Service television station KTTZ-TV. Students run a daily newspaper, The Daily Toreador, until 2005 known as The University Daily. The university besides produces a yearbook, La Ventana .
Athletics [edit ]
Texas Tech ‘s athletic teams are known as the Red Raiders with the exception of the women ‘s basketball team, which is known as the Lady Raiders. Texas Tech competes in NCAA Division I FBS ( once Division I-A ) and is a member of the Big 12 Conference. From 1932 until 1956, the university belonged to the Border Intercollegiate Athletic Association. After being rejected eight times over more than 20 years, the Southwest Conference admitted Texas Tech on May 12, 1956. [ 157 ] When the Southwest Conference disbanded in 1995, Texas Tech, along with the University of Texas at Austin, Texas A & M University, and Baylor University, merged with schools from the early Big Eight Conference to form the Big 12. [ 158 ] Athletic Director Kirby Hocutt is a member of the College Football Playoff committee. [ 159 ] Texas Tech varsity teams have won two NCAA national titles, most recently the men ‘s outdoor track and discipline championship in 2019, while the Lady Raiders basketball team won the school ‘s first base ever title in 1993 .
red Raiders in action in 2007 The Texas Tech Lady Raiders, led by player Sheryl Swoopes and mind bus Marsha Sharp, won the 1993 NCAA Division I Women ‘s Basketball Championship. [ 160 ] The men ‘s basketball team has made 14 appearances in the NCAA Men ‘s division I Tournament. Bob Knight served as men ‘s basketball coach from the beginning of the 2001 season until February 4, 2008. On January 1, 2007, he set the commemorate for most coaching victories in men ‘s NCAA Division I basketball history when the Red Raiders defeated the New Mexico Lobos, 70–68. [ 161 ] Upon Knight ‘s retirement, his son Pat Knight became the head coach of the team for respective seasons until Billy Gillispie replaced him. [ 162 ] In 2013, Tubby Smith replaced Gillispie. [ 163 ] After Tubby Smith ‘s deviation in 2016, Chris Beard, an adjunct under Bob Knight, came aboard. Beard cursorily achieved home attention, leading the team to its first Elite Eight appearance in just his second season. He led the Red Raiders to the Final four in his third year, losing in the National Championship game to Virginia. Since 1999, Texas Tech has played home plate basketball games at United Spirit Arena, a 15,020-seat multipurpose facility which cost $ 101 million in 2021 dollars [ 164 ] to build. [ 165 ] In addition to serving deoxyadenosine monophosphate home to the men ‘s and women ‘s basketball teams, the Red Raider volleyball team uses the stadium. Texas Tech students broke the Big 12 league record for student attendance at the United Spirit Arena during a February 25, 2014 loss to Kansas State. The record of 6,086 students fell less than 2,000 short-circuit of the national record. [ 166 ] The Red Raiders football team, is a penis of the NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision ( once known as Division I-A ) and is coached by former Utah State coach Matt Wells. [ 167 ] [ 168 ] Throughout the 2000s, then head bus Mike Leach lead the team to national prominence. In 14 of its last 15 seasons, the Red Raiders have finished with a acquire read, the fourth-longest such streak in the state at the time. [ 169 ] [ 170 ] The Red Raiders have made 36 bowl appearances, which is 17th most of any university. [ 171 ] From 1932 to 1956, as members of the Border Intercollegiate Athletic Association, the Red Raiders won eight league championships and one co-championship, the most held by a Border Conference member. After joining the Southwest Conference, the Red Raiders added league co-championships in 1976 and 1994. [ 158 ]
Jones AT & T Stadium west side facade Jones AT & T Stadium is home to the Red Raiders football team. The stadium, named for Clifford B. and Audrey Jones, opened in 1947 and has a capacity of 60,454. In 2000, the stadium was renamed Jones SBC Stadium after SBC Communications made a $ 30 million contribution to the university. Following SBC Communications ‘ learning of AT & T Corporation in 2006 and its subsequent adoption of the AT & T name, the stadium was renamed Jones AT & T Stadium. [ 172 ] The stadium ‘s original seat capacity was 27,000, but it was expanded in 1959, 1972, 2003, 2009, 2010, and 2013. On August 7, 2008, the Board of Regents of the Texas Tech University System announced a $ 25 million expansion project. [ 173 ] The expansion added a spanish Renaissance-themed façade to the stadium ‘s east side. In summation to the improvements to the facility ‘s outside, the expansion added 1,000 general-admission seats, 550 golf club seats, and 26 suites. [ 174 ] Texas Tech allocated $ 19 million to the expansion and added another $ 6 million through fund-raise initiatives. [ 175 ] On November 20, 2008, university officials announced the project ‘s fund-raise goal had been exceeded. [ 176 ] The expansion ‘ innovative ceremonies took identify on November 29, 2008, and construction was completed before the 2009 football season. [ 175 ] [ 177 ] In January 2013, construction added another 368 seats in the north endzone and two observation decks. The $ 11 million visualize besides includes a significantly upgrade jumbotron with a fresh sound system, a spanish Renaissance-themed arcade, and a north end zone multitude that connects the two stadium halves. Along with the early additions, 157 feet of ribbon board will be added on the north end zone, more than 160 linear feet in the northeastern and northwest corners of the stadium, and 94 lineal feet in the confederacy end zone over the athletic offices. The construction was completed during the 2013 season. [ 178 ] The stadium ‘s capacity is 60,862, making it the third-largest on-campus stadium in Texas. [ 179 ] The Red Raiders baseball team played its first game in 1925. [ 180 ] The team has two conference championships, two league tournament championships, and has made nine NCAA Division I Baseball championship tournament appearances. [ 181 ] Larry Hays coached the team from 1987 to 2008 and compiled a .639 victorious share. [ 182 ] Following Hays ‘ retirement on June 2, 2008, Assistant Coach Dan Spencer was promoted to head coach. [ 183 ] Dan Spencer was replaced by Tim Tadlock following the 2012 season and made its first appearance in the College World Series in 2013. At least 20 former Red Raiders baseball players have gone on to play in the Major Leagues. [ 184 ] The team plays its home games at Dan Law Field at Rip Griffin Park. The field, renovated in 2012 and on the main campus in Lubbock, has a seating capacity of 5,050. [ 185 ] Texas Tech ‘s track and battlefield teams have been led by head coach Wes Kittley since 2000. Under Kittley, the men ‘s team won the NCAA Division I Outdoor Track and Field Championship in 2019, and has produced seven Olympic medalists, 16 national champions, over 200 All-Americans and 119 big 12 Champions including Michael Mathieu, Sally Kipyego, Kennedy Kithuka, Shereefa Lloyd, Gil Roberts and others. [ 186 ] In addition to varsity sports, the university ‘s Sport Clubs Federation offers 30 recreational and competitive frolic clubs, including polo, rugby union, lacrosse, fencing material, and soccer. [ 187 ] In 2006, Texas Tech beat rival Texas A & M to win the United States Polo Association National Intercollegiate Championship. [ 188 ] [ 189 ] [ 190 ]
Mascots [edit ]
The Masked Rider is Texas Tech University ‘s oldest mascot. The tradition began in 1936, when “ ghost riders ” were dared to circle the discipline anterior to home football games. The disguise Rider became an official mascot in 1954, when Joe Kirk Fulton led the team onto the field at the Gator Bowl. According to reports from those at the game, the herd sat in dazed muteness as they watched Fulton and his sawhorse Blackie rush onto the football field, followed by the team. After a few moments, the silent crowd explosion into cheers. Ed Danforth, a writer for the Atlanta Journal who witnessed the event, former wrote, “ No team in any bowl game ever made a more sensational capture. ” [ 191 ] [ 192 ] In 2000, The Masked Rider custom was commemorated with the unveil of a statue outside of the university ‘s Frazier Alumni Pavilion. The sculpt, created by artist Grant Speed, is 25 % larger than life. [ 193 ] today, the Masked Rider, with guns up, leads the team onto the field for all home games. This mascot, adorned in a classifiable gaucho hat like those worn by members of the march band, is one of the most visible figures at Texas Tech. Texas Tech ‘s other mascot, Raider Red, is a more recent creation. Beginning with the 1971 football season, the Southwest Conference forbade the inclusion of live animal mascots to away games unless the host educate consented. For situations where the host school did not want to allow the Masked Rider ‘s horse, an alternative mascot was needed. Jim Gaspard, a member of the Saddle Tramps student spirit organization, created the master design for the Raider Red costume, basing it on a character created by cartoonist Dirk West, a Texas Tech alumnus and early Lubbock mayor. [ 194 ] Although the Masked Rider ‘s identity is populace cognition, it has always been tradition that Raider Red ‘s scholar change ego is observe secret until the conclusion of his or her tenure. [ 195 ] The scholar serving as Raider Red is a member of the Saddle Tramps or High Riders .
Traditions [edit ]
Carol of Lights [edit ]
Carol of Lights The Carol of Lights is an annual event, sponsored by the Residence Halls Association, traditionally held the inaugural Friday in December, to celebrate the vacation season. The event begins with a carillon concert, from the 43 bells in the west column of the Administration Building followed a torch-light processional by the Saddle Tramps and High Riders spirit organizations. The Texas Tech Trombone Choir and combined choirs lead the crowd in singing carols and the light ceremony culminates with a soloist performance of “ O Holy Night ” in the Science Quadrangle. This is followed by the unhorse ceremony, where 13 buildings within the Texas Technological College Historic District are illuminated with the over 25,000 bolshevik, white, and orange lights. [ 196 ] The lights remain on the campus buildings until the first gear week when students come back from the holiday break. [ 197 ] In 1959, Texas Tech University Board of Directors member Harold Hinn planned and provided the fund to cover the Science Quadrangle and Administration Building with 5,000 lights. however, students were away on Christmas break and did not see the display. The follow year, the Residence Hall Association sponsored the consequence under the name “ Christmas Sing ”. In 1961, the event was renamed Carol of Lights and the expose increased to 16,000 lights. [ 198 ] The tradition has since grown to include decorations like the 38-foot alight Christmas tree, 3,000 luminaries lining the sidewalks of Memorial Circle, and a 21-foot bracing pine wreath hang on the Physics/Geosciences building built by Women ‘s Service Organization. [ 197 ]
double thymine [edit ]
double thymine The most readily identified symbol of Texas Tech is the Double T. The logo, broadly attributed to Texas Tech ‘s first football coach, E. Y. Freeland, was first used as decoration on the sweaters for the football players. [ 199 ] The Double T existed in its original form as an official logo from 1963 to 1999 and was updated in 2000. The new logo maintains the original premise, but incorporates cubic bevel effects coupled with white trim. To recognize the importance of the Double T to Texas Tech, the class of 1931 donated the Double T bench. By tradition, freshmen are not allowed to sit on the terrace, which is in the court of the Administration Building. The logo is foster embodied in the Double T neon sign, donated by the class of 1938 and affixed to the east side of Jones AT & T Stadium. At the time of its purchase, this was reputedly the largest neon sign in being. [ 200 ]
Will Rogers and Soapsuds [edit ]
Will Rogers and Soapsuds One of the most long-familiar landmarks on campus is the statue of Will Rogers on his sawhorse Soapsuds. The statue, entitled “ Riding Into the Sunset “, has resided at the focus on of the campus since it was dedicated on February 16, 1950, by Rogers ‘ longtime ally Amon G. Carter. [ 201 ] Carter claimed that Texas Tech was the ideal place for the statue, and that it would be an allow addition to the traditions and scenery of West Texas. [ 202 ] The statue, estimated to cost $ 25,000 ( $ 239,000 in 2013 dollars ) when it was dedicated, stands 9 feet 11 inches ( 3.02 thousand ) and weighs 3,200 pounds ( 1,500 kilogram ). [ 203 ] The dedication on the brass at the base of the statue reads : “ lovable Old Will Rogers on his favored horse, ‘Soapsuds ‘, riding into the western sunset. ” [ 204 ] The statue continues to be a part of school custom. Before every home football game, the Saddle Tramps wrap it with red crêpe paper, a custom dating back to 1969 and a loss to Texas A & M after which the statue was found covered in maroon paint in an apparent prank. In times of national tragedies, the statue has besides been wrapped in black crêpe wallpaper. [ 204 ] According to one campus caption teach to students during freshman predilection, the statue was originally to be positioned with Will Rogers facing due west, so it would appear he was riding into the sunset. however, that status would cause Soapsuds ‘ later end to face ascribable east, a dubious greeting to visitors entering by the main eastern campus entrance where the statue is placed. The horse ‘s rear would besides be facing downtown Lubbock, potentially insulting the Lubbock business community. The caption holds that this trouble was solved by Tech ‘s Civil Engineering department, who calculated that a 23° sour of Soapsuds ‘ head to the north would line up Soapsuds ‘ rear end immediately toward College Station, Texas, home of the rival Texas A & M Aggies. [ 204 ] [ 205 ] Modern surveys and satellite imagination have determined the statue ‘s buttocks end actually points roughly equidistantly between College Station and Austin, home of another rival team, the Texas Longhorns. [ 206 ] [ 207 ]
Texas Tech band [edit ]
While the classify ring had occasionally used a universal blueprint, by the former twentieth hundred, respective styles were available. In 1999, the university reverted to a single ring design for the university ‘s graduates. The new Official Texas Tech Alumni Association Class Ring symbolically captures the kernel of Texas Tech with the outstanding Double T logo surrounded by the school ‘s full name and date of foundation. By tradition, undergraduates wear the gang with the Double T logo facing themselves. Upon graduation, the ring is turned so the logo faces outward. One shoulder of the ring displays an image of the Administration Building, with the bells which represent victory. The other shoulder contains the university seal : an american eagle perched above a record, representing the church ; a star, representing the State of Texas ; a key, representing home ; and, a lamp, representing cognition. These elements are separated by a crisscross featuring ten-spot cotton bolls, one each for Lubbock and its nine surrounding cotton-producing counties. [ 208 ]
noteworthy alumni [edit ]
Colonel Rick Husband The Texas Tech Alumni Association, with over 27,000 members, operates more than 120 chapters in cities throughout the United States and the global. [ 209 ] [ 210 ] Throughout Texas Tech ‘s history, staff, alumni, and erstwhile students have played big roles in many different fields. Among its Distinguished Alumni is Demetrio B. Lakas, President of the Republic of Panama from 1969 to 1978. [ 211 ] [ 212 ] Three United States Governors, Daniel I. J. Thornton, Governor of Colorado from 1951 to 1955, John Burroughs, Governor of New Mexico from 1959 to 1961, and Preston Smith, Governor of Texas from 1968 to 1972, are graduates of the university. [ 213 ] [ 214 ] [ 215 ] Texas Tech alumni have besides served in the Texas Legislature, including State Representative Justin Holland from 2017 to present. [ 216 ] Five astronauts, including Rick Husband, the final air force officer of Space Shuttle Columbia and recipient role of the Congressional Space Medal of Honor, graduated from the university. [ 108 ] [ 110 ] [ Note 2 ] U.S. Marine Corps Major and Medal of Honor recipient role George H. O’Brien Jr. is a distinguished alumnus. [ 217 ] Richard E. Cavazos is a two-time Distinguished Service Cross recipient role and the foremost Hispanic and mexican American to advance to the crying of four-star general in the U.S. Army. [ 218 ] United States Air Force Major General Wendy Motlong Masiello, one of the highest-ranking women in the United States Department of Defense, is a 1980 graduate of Texas Tech ‘s Rawls College of Business Administration. Alumna Arati Prabhakar, the erstwhile head of DARPA, was the first base charwoman to head the National Institute of Standards and Technology. Ginger Kerrick, American physicist, was the first Hispanic female NASA Flight Director. Charles Q. Brown Jr. is the first african-american to be appointed as headman of staff of the United States Air Force and the first african-american to lead any branch of the United States Armed Forces. Texas Tech ‘s influence on the business universe is seen in such people as General Motors Chairman and CEO Edward Whitacre Jr., Finisar CEO Jerry S. Rawls, Belo Corporation CEO Dunia A. Shive, and ExxonMobil board penis Angela Braly, ranked by Fortune cartridge holder as the most mighty woman in business. [ 219 ] [ 220 ] [ 221 ] [ 222 ] [ 223 ] Scott Pelley, anchor and cope editor for CBS Evening News and analogous for 60 Minutes, is a graduate of the College of Media & Communication. Texas Tech alumni have besides made contributions to sports, music, and acting. Texas Tech Red Raiders have gone on to play in the NFL, NBA, WNBA, and MLB. Two of the most luminary football players are Donny Anderson who as a member of the Green Bay Packers when they won Super Bowl I & Super Bowl II, and longtime Miami Dolphins All-Pro linebacker Zach Thomas. Alumni standouts include 2018 NFL MVP and All-Pro quarterback Patrick Mahomes, two-time Bilentenkoff Award-winning broad telephone receiver Michael Crabtree, Danny Amendola, and Wes Welker. [ 224 ] [ 225 ] Others among the university ‘s alumni are folk rocker John Denver, area singer Pat Green, mezzo-soprano Susan Graham, actor Barry Corbin, Friday Night Lights actor Brad Leland, and actor George Eads. [ 226 ] [ 227 ] [ 228 ] John Hinckley Jr., who attempted to assassinate U.S. President Ronald Reagan in 1981, attended the university sporadically from 1973 to 1980. [ 229 ] [ 230 ]
See besides [edit ]
Notes [edit ]
References [edit ]
far read [edit ]
- Ruth Horn Andrews, The First Thirty Years: A History Of Texas Technological College, 1925–1955. Lubbock, TX: Texas Tech Press, 1956.
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