suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Box Hill is a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 14 kilometres ( 8.7 mile ) east of the city ‘s Central Business District ( CBD ). [ 2 ] Its local government area is the City of Whitehorse. At the 2016 census, Box Hill had a population of 11,395. [ 1 ]
Reading: Box Hill, Victoria – Wikipedia
Founded as a township in the 1850s, Box Hill grew over the play along hundred into a minor city with its own CBD, its own municipality in the early City of Box Hill, and its own suburbs, including Box Hill North and Box Hill South. In the 1950s, Box Hill was absorbed into Melbourne as part of the eastward expansion of the city. today, Box Hill is celebrated for its big Chinese community, and is home to the city ‘s tallest high-rise buildings outside the CBD. A major exile hub for Melbourne ‘s easterly suburbs, Box Hill is home to one of the city ‘s busiest prepare stations, located below Box Hill Central. It is besides served by the route 109 tram and numerous busbar routes .
history [edit ]
early settlement [edit ]
Box Hill was foremost settled by the squatter Arundel Wrighte, once of Van Diemen ‘s Land, who, in 1838 took up a bucolic rent on the nation he had previously explored in the Bushy Creek area. The first permanent wave settlers, Thomas Toogood and his wife Edith, purchased 5,000 acres ( 20 km2 ) in 1841 and Wrighte built a house on his property, “ Marionvale ”, in 1844. The Pioneers ‘ Memorial, which can be found in front of the town hallway, is made from a lamp chimney stone, taken from Wrighte ‘s original house. It was not until after 1850, however, that Crown lands were subdivided and sold. Traffic along a chief road running through the zone encouraged the build up of a hotel at Box Hill in 1853. Its owner named it the White Horse hotel and the appoint was bestowed on the road. Box Hill Post Office opened on 1 February 1861, [ 3 ] being the first gear official manipulation of the name. The postmaster, Silas Padgham proposed the name, derived from Box Hill, Surrey, England, near his birthplace. [ 4 ] In 1871, Box Hill township ‘s population was 154 and the zone relied on orchards, vineyards and mix farm. The annex of the railroad track line from Camberwell to Lilydale in 1882 included a place at Box Hill, but there were besides stations at Canterbury and Surrey Hills, to the west. They attracted subdivisions and development ahead of Box Hill. Growth came, though, with a school opening in Box Hill in 1887 [ citation needed ] and the town became the seat of the Nunawading Shire Council, which met at the Box Hill Courthouse. In the mid-1880s, Box Hill became a prefer sphere for landscape artists who wanted to paint the australian bush-league en plein air. [ citation needed ] These artists, among them Arthur Streeton, Tom Roberts and Frederick McCubbin, established the Box Hill artists ‘ camp, and formed what would become known as the Heidelberg School, the beginning distinctively australian movement in western art .
Development [edit ]
Unlike suburbs closer to Melbourne, Box Hill lacked the world wide web of tramlines, which promoted residential development beyond the reach of the railway line. In 1916–17, tramlines reached the western border of what in a short-change clock time would be the Box Hill Municipality, at Burwood, Mont Albert and Wattle Park. The years after World War I saw Box Hill ‘s call on for residential growth. A girls ‘ technical school was built in 1924 and a boys ‘ high school in 1930. During World War II a boy ‘ technical school was opened .
The new town hall on Whitehorse Road opened in April 1935. [ 5 ] One of the arguments for its construction was that “ the boon it would prove to the local brickworks, which had precisely resumed production after a period of suspension ”. [ 5 ] The Box Hill Presbyterian ( now Uniting ) church service build was primitively the West Melbourne Presbyterian Church built 1867 on the corner of Lonsdale and William Streets ; a final serve was held on 3 February 1935, following which the construction was dismantled and re-erected on its award locate, being opened in late 1935. [ 5 ] After the end of the Second World War, Box Hill was suburbanised, but Box Hill South and Box Hill North remained relatively undeveloped. [ citation needed ]
Post-war development [edit ]
high-rise buildings with a tram in the foreground Post-war housing expansion included a Housing Commission estate in Box Hill South. A zone hospital opened in 1956. [ 6 ] The shop area enjoyed growth and prosperity which, ironically, by the end of the 1950s was putting a strain on it ; there was not enough space for parking. The exploitation of Myer Eastland and Doncaster Shoppingtown in the late 1960s took trade aside, and the shop center regained custom by undergrounding the railroad track production line and station and construct Box Hill Central on land, which included the erstwhile grocery store. [ citation needed ] In 1954, the Melbourne and Metropolitan Board of Works designated Box Hill as one of five district centres for metropolitan Melbourne. [ citation needed ] The design has succeeded in Box Hill. In addition to the shopping center, the Box Hill TAFE and several position buildings have strengthened its centrality in the region. apart from commercial functions there are bombastic reserves, with ovals in three directions, about a kilometer from Box Hill Central. Box Hill South lies between Canterbury Road and Burwood East, about two kilometres square. Its proximity to trams was better than Box Hill North ‘s and its residential increase was well pre- and early post-war. The Box Hill Golf Club is nearby and a linear park continues along Gardiners Creek. There are church educational institutions ; Kingswood College ( Anglican and then Uniting ) and the Christian Brothers ‘ Teachers ‘ College and St. Leo ‘s College ( 1952 and 1957 ). In 1971, a baby city relationship was forged with Matsudo, Chiba Prefecture, Japan. “ Box Hill ” is the name of a department memory in Matsudo ( ja : ボックスヒル ). Box Hill City was amalgamated with Nunawading City on 15 December 1994, to form Whitehorse City, renewing the boundaries that began with the Nunawading Parish and subsequent Shire. More recently, Box Hill has experienced a construction boom, and is now home to high-rise buildings. These include the australian Taxation Office ‘s Box Hill Tower, [ 7 ] the Whitehorse Towers [ 8 ] [ 9 ] and the 36-storey Sky One, which, at 122 metres, is the tallest build in Melbourne outside of the CBD. [ 10 ] [ 11 ] More high-rises are under construction, including New Chinatown, a $ 450 million gemini tugboat undertaking which will serve as a mod “ sibling ” of the historic Chinatown in the CBD, with this development to consist of 10,000 square meters of mixed-purpose storefronts over three levels, a 4000-square-metre “ Hawker Hall ” where visitors will find street-style food stalls, a 1500-square-metre childcare center, a taiwanese speech school and bookshop, chinese herbalists, and a handful of chinese and western music clinics. [ 12 ] [ 13 ] [ 14 ] [ 15 ]
Facilities [edit ]
Box Hill has a shopping precinct. These range from the shops along Station Street and Whitehorse Road, to the suburb ‘s two shop centres. Box Hill Central is integrated with a bus substitute and the Box Hill railway station. In deep 2007, the two denounce centres merged. [ citation needed ] They are now known as buildings “ South ” ( once Centro Box Hill ) and “ North ” ( once Centro Whitehorse, ) or “ Box Hill Centro ”. Box Hill is besides home to a issue of recreational services, such as Neighbourhood Houses, a act of Scout Groups, including 11th Box Hill, Mont Albert North ( once 10th/13th Box Hill ), [ 16 ] 6th Box Hill and 1st Mont Albert Scout Groups. The Box Hill Community Centre, located 1 km south of Box Hill Central, besides provides a total of services to the local anesthetic community. Box Hill Hospital serves Box Hill and its surrounding suburbs. Epworth Eastern, a private hospital, opened in 2005 opposite Box Hill Hospital .
- The White Horse, Whitehorse Road, Box Hill
- St Andrew ‘s Uniting Church
Demographics [edit ]
At the time of the 2016 Australian census, 64.7 % of Box Hill residents reported being born in foreign countries, the most common being China ( excluding Taiwan and the SARs ; 27.6 % ), Malaysia ( 4.8 % ), India ( 4.2 % ), Hong Kong ( 3.0 % ) and South Korea ( 1.7 % ). 36.9 % of residents only speak English at home. Mandarin Chinese is the second most normally spoken speech ( 28.3 % ), followed by Cantonese ( 9.8 % ), Korean ( 1.7 % ), Hindi ( 1.3 % ) and Vietnamese ( 1.2 % ). Self-described non-religious people made up the largest one group at 46.3 % of the population, followed by Catholics ( 13.5 % ), Buddhists ( 7.8 % ) and Anglicans ( 4.5 % ). 10.1 % of Box Hill residents did not submit their religious affiliation in the census. Compared to Australia as a whole, Box Hill residents are a lot less likely to be Australian-born, and are more probable to have stated “ No Religion ” on the census. [ 1 ]
education [edit ]
The suburb of Box Hill has several schools, including Box Hill High School, Box Hill Senior Secondary College, Our lady of Sion College and St. Francis Xavier ‘s Catholic Primary School. For mature students, Box Hill Institute of TAFE and St Leo International College provide further education. There are two kindergartens in the area ; St Peter ‘s Anglican Kindergarten and Goodstart Early Learning Box Hill. Schools in neighbouring suburb include Koonung Secondary College, Kingswood College and Roberts McCubbin Primary School .
sport [edit ]
The Box Hill Hawks are a local australian rules football club, playing in the victorian Football League and are based at the Box Hill City Oval. This team was once known as the Mustangs, named for the city ‘s mascot, the White Horse. They are presently affiliated with the Hawthorn Hawks. Another football team, The Whitehorse Pioneers, competes in the Eastern Football League. [ 17 ] Box Hill United Soccer Club presently competes in the National Premier Leagues Victoria 2. Box Hill Athletic Club, founded in 1932, survived through the war years and became potent after the 1956 Olympic Games, [ citation needed ] held in Melbourne. The club ‘s original train crunch was at Surrey Park, Elgar Road South, an area provided by the Box Hill Council. After several years of fill in and rate, the area known as Hagenauer ‘s Park was made available for athletics. Box Hill has an 18-hole golf class, located at 202 Station Street. [ 18 ] The golf club offers junior development programs. In basketball, the Whitehorse Mustangs celebrated its twentieth anniversary in 2009, having been formed when the North Box Hill and Surrey Hills clubs merged. [ citation needed ] The club fields junior teams each Saturday in the Eastern District Junior Basketball Association ( EDJBA ), with home games played at the basketball stadium of Box Hill High School. It besides runs weekly social competitions for both men and women and fields a championship men ‘s team in the Melbourne Metropolitan Basketball League ( MMBL ). The Box Hill Action Indoor Sports Centre besides provides residents with consecrated facilities for indoor soccer, cricket and netball. Aqualink Box Hill ( once Whitehorse Aquatic and Leisure Centre ), run by Whitehorse Council, provides residents with an indoor and outdoor pool, basketball courts, a gymnasium, squash and tennis courts. The swim cabaret, Surrey Park, float at Aqualink Box Hill. The clubhouse uses the facilities of Aqualink. The surrounding parklands include ( away from a large lake, now filled with water, but once used as a pit ) a baseball baseball diamond, a football egg-shaped and cricket pitches. Box Hill Rugby Club play at RHL Sparks Reserve in the Dewar Shield contest .
- Box Hill City Oval
- antenna perspective of Aqualink Box Hill
tape drive [edit ]
Box Hill is a major transportation hub for the City of Whitehorse and surrounding suburbs. Box Hill railway station is located under Box Hill Central Shopping Centre and is served by the Belgrave and Lilydale railroad track lines. The complex besides includes a large bus topology end point, linking commuters to a broad range of destinations across most Melbourne suburb. Tram route 109, which runs along Whitehorse Road, was extended from Union Road, Surrey Hills, to Box Hill and opened in May 2003. It runs to Port Melbourne via the city. [ 19 ] There are V/Line coaches that run from Melbourne ( Southern Cross ) to Mansfield / Mount Buller. The coach stop is opposite Box Hill Town Hall, on Whitehorse Road. Box Hill has besides been planned as one of the locations for an change station on the South-eastern segment of the Suburban Rail Loop
noteworthy people [edit ]
See besides [edit ]
- City of Box Hill – the former local government area
References [edit ]
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