What is a White Hat Hacker?

What is a white hat hacker?

A white hat hacker — or ethical hacker — is an individual who uses hacking skills to identify security system vulnerabilities in hardware, software or networks. however, unlike bootleg hat hackers — or malicious hackers — white hat hackers respect the principle of law as it applies to hacking. many white hat hackers are early black hat hackers. The terms come from old western movies, where heroes much wore flannel hats and the bad guys wore black hats .
White hat hackers merely try vulnerabilities or exploits when they are legally permitted to do so. White hat hackers may do their research on afford source software, deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as on software or systems they own or have been authorized to investigate, including products and services that operate wiretap bounty programs. These types of programs reinforce individuals with money for disclosing security flaws .
Unlike black or grey hat hackers, blank hat hackers fully disclose all the vulnerabilities they find to the company or product owner who is responsible for fixing the flaws so the issues can be resolved before they are exploited by malicious hackers .

What is the difference between white, black and gray hat hackers?

Besides white hat, there are two other types of hackers : black hat and grey hat .
Where white hat hackers disclose all the vulnerabilities they find to the party responsible for the system — normally, the ship’s company or seller that makes the affected product — a black hat hacker has no qualms about selling vulnerabilities and exploits to the highest bidder .
Gray hat hackers fall between white and black hats on the moral spectrum. gray hats generally consider themselves good guys who are more flexible about the rules under which they operate. For example, a gray hat hack may be more probable than a white hat hacker to access systems without getting license or authority from the owners but would be less likely than a black hat hacker to cause price to those systems .
In recently 2018, when cryptocurrency was merely starting to gain mainstream momentum, a gray hat hack in Russia automated the serve of breaking into MikroTik manufactured routers across the internet and proceeded to patch a discover feat that enabled black hat hackers to turn the hardware into a crypto mining bot. While unauthorized access did occur, the gray hat did apparently have good intentions when he broke into and patched more than 100,000 vulnerable devices .
Ethics of white, gray and black hat hackers
What do the different hat colors mean in hacker lexicon?

White hat hacking tools and techniques

White hat hackers, particularly those performing external penetration tests ( penitentiary tests ), use the lapp hack techniques and tools as black hat hackers. But white hat hackers do so with the captive of helping an organization improve its security model. common examples include the take after :

  • Pen testing. Ethical hackers use their skills to help identify potential entry points and system vulnerabilities and then try to penetrate the organization’s network or exposed system.
  • Email phishing. White hat hackers conduct legitimate anti-phishing campaigns to find and fix possible issues within an organization’s network before an attack can occur. Email phishing tricks the recipient of the email into providing sensitive information or clicking on a malicious file or link.
  • Denial-of-service (DoS) attack. This type of attack temporarily disrupts or degrades the performance of a machine or network resource, making it unavailable to users. A white hat hacker can simulate this type of attack to help an organization develop its DoS response plan.
  • Social engineering. White hat hackers use behavioral techniques to test the security level of a company’s systems so it can prevent an attack. Social engineering attacks take advantage of human nature and trust in order to trick employees into breaking security protocols or giving away sensitive information.
  • Security scanning. Ethical hackers use a variety of tools to automate the process of finding known vulnerabilities. These range from tools to detect web application vulnerabilities, such as Acunetix or Netsparker, to open source pen testing tools, including Metasploit Framework or Nikto.

How can I become a white hat hacker?

Some flannel hat hackers used to be black hat hackers who became more ethically attuned as they matured ; others were caught and then decided to take the ethical hacker path to pursue their interests without the threat of pursuance.

undergraduate and alumnus degrees in computer skill, information security or mathematics are full backgrounds for white hat hackers to have, though having a genuine interest in and passion for security system is the biggest asset .
People who want to become white hat hackers may besides find the follow certifications helpful :

  • Certified Ethical Hacker from EC-Council, which is a vendor-neutral credential that is recognized by the U.S. Department of Defense.
  • Global Information Assurance Certification Security Essentials Certification, GIAC Penetration Tester, and GIAC Exploit Researcher and Advanced Penetration Tester.

A background or certification in calculator forensics can besides be useful for ethical hackers .

Famous white hat hackers

There are several well-known white hat hackers in the industry :

  1. Marc Maiffret. Known for exposing vulnerabilities in Microsoft products, such as the Code Red worm, Maiffret went on to co-found a software security company and eventually become the chief technology officer of security company BeyondTrust.
  2. Kevin Mitnick. Formerly known as the most wanted cybercriminal in America, Mitnick was arrested in 1995 and served five years in jail for his hacking. After that brush with the law, he became a white hat hacker and now runs a security consulting firm.
  3. Robert “RSnake” Hansen. This well-known white hat hacker co-coined the term clickjacking. He is the chairman and founder of OutsideIntel, a company that focuses on corporate discovery and business intelligence.

early big names in white hat hacking include Jeff Moss, who founded the Black Hat and DEFCON security conferences ; Dr. Charlie Miller, who hacked for the National Security Agency for five years ; and Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak .

What legal issues are there with white hat hacking?

The differences between a white hat hacker and a black hat hacker come down to license and intent. White hat hackers do not hack systems without written permission from the party to test its defenses, and they disclose vulnerabilities responsibly. however, the white hat hacker and the black hat hacker use exchangeable tools and techniques. This can lead to complicate legal situations for ethical hackers.

For case, in order to thoroughly test a company ‘s security, an ethical hacker has to try to gain access to the company ‘s systems not just directly, but besides through its business partners. If the ship’s company that requested playpen test does not besides get consent from its business partners, the white hat hack could end up illegally penetrating the clientele partner ‘s systems .
additionally, if ethical hackers are able to access sensitive data, their duty is to report it to the company responsible for that data. This, however, does not necessarily mean the customer will be notified that its data was exposed. It besides means the ethical hacker has personally viewed the datum .
TechTarget is responding to readers ‘ concerns deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as fundamental cultural changes. In some cases, we are defaulting to industry standards that may be seen as linguistically biased in instances where we have not found a successor term. however, we are actively seeking out and giving preference to terms that properly convey meaning and purpose without the likely to perpetuate negative stereotypes .

generator : https://shoppingandreview.com
Category : News
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