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This article is about the oldest and largest campus of the University of Minnesota. For the stallion system, see University of Minnesota system
The University of Minnesota, Twin Cities ( the U of M or Minnesota ) is a public land-grant research university in the Twin Cities of Minneapolis and Saint Paul, Minnesota. The Twin Cities campus comprises locations in Minneapolis and Falcon Heights, a suburb of St. Paul, approximately 3 miles ( 4.8 kilometer ) apart. [ 9 ] The Twin Cities campus is the oldest and largest in the University of Minnesota organization and has the ninth-largest main campus student body in the United States, with 52,376 students at the start of the 2021–22 academic year. [ 10 ] It is the flagship institution of the University of Minnesota System, and is organized into 19 colleges, schools, and early major academician units.
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The Minnesota Territorial Legislature drafted a rent for the U of M as a territorial university in 1851, seven years before Minnesota became a state. today, the university is classified among “ R1 : doctoral Universities – very high research natural process ”. [ 11 ] Minnesota is a extremity of the Association of American Universities and is ranked twentieth in research bodily process, with $ 1.04 billion in research and development expenditures in the fiscal year 2020. [ 12 ] In 2001, the University of Minnesota was included in a number of Public Ivy universities, which includes publicly funded universities thought to provide a quality of education comparable to that of the Ivy League. [ 13 ] University of Minnesota staff, alumni, and researchers have won 26 Nobel Prizes [ 14 ] and three Pulitzer Prizes. [ 15 ] Among its alumni, the university counts 25 Rhodes Scholars, [ 16 ] seven Marshall Scholars, [ 17 ] 21 Truman Scholars, [ 18 ] and 134 Fulbright recipients. [ 19 ] The university besides has Guggenheim Fellowship, Carnegie Fellowship, and MacArthur Fellowship holders, angstrom well as by and award graduates and faculty belong to the american english Academy of Arts and Sciences, National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Medicine, and National Academy of Engineering. [ 20 ] Notable University of Minnesota alumni include two vice presidents of the United States, Hubert Humphrey and Walter Mondale, and Bob Dylan, who received the 2016 Nobel Prize in Literature. [ 21 ] The Minnesota Golden Gophers compete in 21 intercollegiate sports in the NCAA Division I big Ten Conference and have won 29 national championships. [ 22 ] As of 2021, Minnesota ‘s current and former students have won a sum of 76 Olympic medals. [ 23 ]
history [edit ]
The University of Minnesota was founded in Minneapolis in 1851 as a college preparatory school, seven years anterior to Minnesota ‘s statehood. [ 9 ] It struggled in its early years and relied on donations to stay assailable from donors including South Carolina Governor William Aiken Jr. [ 24 ] [ 25 ] In 1867, the university received land grant status through the Morrill Act of 1862. [ 26 ] [ 27 ] An 1876 contribution from flour miller John S. Pillsbury is broadly credited with saving the school. [ 24 ] [ 25 ] Since then, Pillsbury has become known as “ The Father of the University ”. [ 28 ] Pillsbury Hall is named in his honor. [ 29 ] [ 30 ]
Academics [edit ]
Organization and administration [edit ]
The university is organized into 19 colleges, schools, and other major academic units : [ 31 ]
Institutes and centers [edit ]
Six university-wide interdisciplinary centers and institutes work across collegiate lines : [ 32 ]
Rankings [edit ]
global [edit ]
In 2021, the University of Minnesota was ranked as 40th best university in the universe by the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), which assesses academic and research performance. [ 44 ] The same 2021 rank by subject placed the University of Minnesota ‘s ecology plan as 2nd best in the earth, its management program as 10th best, its biotechnology plan as 11th best, mechanical engineer and medical technology programs as 14th best, law and psychology programs as 19th best, and veterinary sciences broadcast as 20th best. [ 44 ] The Center for World University Rankings ( CWUR ) for 2021-22 rank Minnesota 46th in the world and 26th in the United States. [ 45 ] The 2021 Nature Index, which assesses the institutions that dominate high quality research end product, ranked minnesota 53rd in the world based on inquiry publication data from 2020. [ 46 ] U.S. News and World Report ranked Minnesota as the 47th best ball-shaped university for 2021. [ 47 ] The 2022 Times Higher Education World University Rankings placed Minnesota 86th worldwide, based chiefly on teaching, research, cognition transfer and international lookout. [ 48 ]
National [edit ]
In 2021, Minnesota was ranked as the 24th best university in the United States by the Academic Ranking of World Universities, [ 49 ] and 20th in the United States in Washington Monthly’ mho 2021 National University Rankings. [ 50 ] Minnesota ‘s undergraduate program was ranked 68th among home universities by U.S. News and World Report for 2022, and 26th in the nation among public colleges and universities. [ 51 ] The same publication ranked Minnesota ‘s calibrate Carlson School of Management as 28th in the nation among business schools, and 6th in the nation for its information systems graduate broadcast. [ 52 ] early graduate schools ranked highly by U.S. News and World Report for 2022 include the University of Minnesota Law School at 22nd, the University of Minnesota Medical School, which was 4th for class medicine and 5th for chief care, the University of Minnesota College of Pharmacy, which ranked 3rd, the Hubert H. Humphrey School of Public Affairs, which ranked 9th, the University of Minnesota College of Education and Human Development, which ranked 10th for education psychology and special education, and the University of Minnesota School of Public Health, which ranked 10th. [ 53 ] In 2020, the Center for Measuring University Performance ranked Minnesota 16th in the nation in terms of sum research, 30th in endowment assets, 24th in annual giving, 28th in the issue of National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine memberships, 9th in its phone number of staff awards, and 14th in its total of National Merit Scholars. [ 54 ] Minnesota is listed as a “ Public Ivy “ in 2001 Greenes ‘ Guides The Public Ivies: America’s Flagship Public Universities. [ 55 ]
Discoveries and invention [edit ]
Inventions by University of Minnesota students and faculty have ranged from food skill to health technologies. Most of the populace inquiry financing in Minnesota is funneled to the University of Minnesota as a resultant role of long-standing advocacy by the university itself. The university developed Gopher, [ 56 ] a harbinger to the World Wide Web which used hyperlinks to connect documents across computers on the internet. however, the translation produced by CERN was favored by the public since it was freely distributed and could more easily handle multimedia webpages. [ 57 ] The university besides houses the Charles Babbage Institute, a research and archive kernel specializing in computer history. The department has impregnable roots in the early days of supercomputing with Seymour Cray of Cray supercomputers. [ 58 ] The university besides became a penis of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory ( LIGO ) in 2007, and has led data analysis projects searching for gravitational waves – the being of which was confirmed by scientists in February 2016. [ 59 ] Discoveries and invention by faculty or ( former ) students include :
Campuses [edit ]
Demographics : Twin Cities ( Minneapolis and St. Paul ) campus [edit ]
Note: The flagship University of Minnesota campus is the Twin Cities campus, which comprises grounds in St. Paul and Minneapolis, the latter divided into areas on both the east and west banks of the Mississippi River. Administratively, these are all one campus, but for purposes of simplicity, this article will apply “campus” to its component parts where necessary to avoid confusion with the names of cities. As the largest of five campuses across the University of Minnesota system, the Twin Cities campus has more than 50,000 students ; this makes it the nineth-largest campus student body in the United States overall. It besides has more than 300 research, department of education, and outreach centers and institutes, on everything from the life sciences to public policy and technology. [ 59 ] The university ( system-wide ) offers 154 undergraduate degree programs, 24 undergraduate certificates, 307 graduate degree programs, and 79 alumnus certificates. The university offers the majority of these programs and certificates at its Twin Cities campus. [ 61 ] The university has all three branches of the Reserve Officer Training Corps ( ROTC ). [ 62 ] The Twin Cities campus, adenine well as the campuses at Crookston, Duluth, Morris, and Rochester, are accredited by the Higher Learning Commission ( HLC ). [ 63 ] The racial/ethnic breakdown of the student population is : 65.3 % White, 12.7 % International Students ( that are undesignated race/ethnicity ), 9.2 % asian, 4.3 % Black, 3.1 % Hispanic/Latino, 1.2 % American/Native american english Indian, and 4.2 % Unknown. Among matriculants to the university, 63 % are considered Minnesota residents and 37 % are considered out-of-state residents. [ 64 ] According to the University Office of Institutional Research, as of fall 2019 there were 31,367 undergraduates at the University of Minnesota Twin Cities campus. Of that count, 6,278 were first-time, degree-seeking freshmen. There were 12,100 graduate students .
Minneapolis campus [edit ]
The master Minneapolis campus overlooked the Saint Anthony Falls on the Mississippi River, but it was late moved about a nautical mile ( 1.6 kilometer ) downriver to its current localization. The original site is now marked by a small ballpark known as Chute Square at the overlap of University and Central Avenues. The school shut down following a fiscal crisis during the American Civil War, but reopened in 1867 with considerable fiscal avail from John S. Pillsbury. It was upgraded from a preparatory school to a college in 1869. today, the university ‘s Minneapolis campus is divided by the Mississippi River into an East and West Bank. The East Bank, the main dowry of the campus, covers 307 acres ( 124 hour angle ). The West Bank is home to the University of Minnesota Law School, the Humphrey School of Public Affairs, the Carlson School of Management, versatile social skill buildings, and the perform arts center. The Minneapolis campus has respective residence halls : 17th Avenue Hall, Centennial Hall, Frontier Hall, Territorial Hall, Pioneer Hall, Sanford Hall, Middlebrook Hall, and Comstock Hall .
East Bank [edit ]
Northrop Mall University of Minnesota East Bank campus in the winter Mall view, from left : Ford Hall, Coffman Memorial Union, Kolthoff Hall, Smith Hall ( in center of double ), Walter Library, Johnston Hall, Northrop, and Morrill Hall antenna photograph of the Minneapolis campus, facing east East Bank East Bank campus in winter. Ford Hall on the bequeath, Nils Hasselmo Hall on the right of the light rail in the picture. To help ease navigation of the large campus, the university has divided the East Bank into several areas : the Knoll area, the Mall area, the Health area, the Athletic area, and the Gateway area. The Knoll area, the oldest extant separate of the university, is in the northwestern corner of the campus. [ 65 ] many buildings in this area are well over 100 years previous, such as some of the 13 in the Old Campus Historic District. [ 66 ] Today, most disciplines in this area relate to the humanities. Burton Hall is home to the College of Education and Human Development. Folwell Hall and Jones Hall are chiefly used by the language departments. A mansion hall, Sanford Hall, and a student-apartment building complex, Roy Wilkins Hall, are in this area. This area is barely south of the Dinkytown vicinity and occupation area. Northrop Mall, or the Mall area, is arguably the center of the Minneapolis campus. The plan for the Mall was based on a design by Cass Gilbert, although his scheme was besides extravagant to be amply implemented. [ 67 ] Several of the campus ‘s primary buildings surround the Mall area. Northrop, once known as Northrop Auditorium, provides a northern anchor, with Coffman Memorial Union ( CMU ) to the south. Four of the larger buildings to the sides of the Mall are the chief mathematics, physics, and chemistry buildings ( Vincent Hall, Tate Laboratory and Smith Hall, respectively ) and Walter Library. The Mall area is home to the College of Liberal Arts, which is Minnesota ‘s largest public or private college, and the College of Science and Engineering. Behind CMU is another residency hall, Comstock Hall, and another student-apartment complex, Yudof Hall. The Northrop Mall Historic District was formally listed in the National Register of Historic Places in January 2018. [ 68 ] The Health area is to the southeast of the Mall area and focuses on undergraduate buildings for biological science students, vitamin a well as the homes of the College of Pharmacy, the School of Nursing, the School of Dentistry, the Medical School, the School of Public Health, and M Health Fairview Hospitals and Clinics. This complex of buildings forms what is known as the University of Minnesota Medical Center. Part of the College of Biological Sciences is housed in this area. Across the street from the University of Minnesota Medical Center Fairview is an area known as the “ Superblock ”, a four-city-block space comprising four residency halls ( Pioneer, Frontier, Centennial and Territorial Halls ). The Superblock is one of the most democratic locations for on-campus housing because it has the largest assiduity of students living on campus and has a multitude of social activities between the mansion halls. The Athletic area is directly north of the Superblock and includes four recreation/athletic facilities : the University Recreation Center, Cooke Hall, the University Fieldhouse, and the University Aquatic Center. These facilities are all connected by tunnels and skyways, allowing students to use one cabinet room facility. North of this building complex is the Huntington Bank Stadium, Williams Arena, Mariucci Arena, Ridder Arena, and the Baseline Tennis Center. The Gateway area, the easternmost department of campus, is chiefly composed of office buildings rather of classrooms and lecture halls. The most big construct is McNamara Alumni Center. The university is besides heavily invested in a biomedical inquiry inaugural and has built five biomedical inquiry buildings that form a biomedical complex directly north of Huntington Bank Stadium .
luminary architecture [edit ]
The Armory, northeastern of the Mall area, is built like a Norman palace. It features a sally-port entrance facing Church Street and a loom that was originally intended to be the professor of military science ‘s mansion. Since it originally held the athletics department, the Armory besides features a secondary school. today it is home to military skill classes and the university ‘s Reserve Officers ‘ Training Corps. several buildings in the Old Campus Historic District were designed by early Minnesota architect LeRoy Buffington. One of the most noteworthy is Pillsbury Hall, designed by Buffington and Harvey Ellis in the Richardsonian Romanesque style. Pillsbury Hall ‘s polychromatic facade incorporates respective sandstone varieties that were available in Minnesota during the time of structure. Buffington besides designed the outside of Burton Hall, considered one of the strongest specimens of Greek Revival architecture in Minnesota. many of the buildings on the East Bank were designed by the prolific Minnesota architect Clarence H. Johnston, including the Jacobean Folwell Hall and the Beaux-Arts edifices of Northrop Auditorium and Walter Library, which he considered the heart of the university. Johnston ‘s son, Clarence Johnston Jr, was besides an architect and designed the original Bell Museum construct and Coffman Memorial Union in the 1930s. The Malcolm Moos Health Sciences Tower, which is the tallest build on the Twin Cities campus, is a note example of brutalist architecture. In more holocene years, Frank Gehry designed the Frederick R. Weisman Art Museum. Completed in 1993, the Weisman Art Museum is a typical example of his ferment with curving metallic structures. The abstract structure is considered highly significant because it was built anterior to the widespread use of computer aided blueprint in architecture. It besides ushered in a new era of architecture at the university, which continued with the completion of the McNamara Alumni Center in 2000 and Bruininks Hall ( once STSS ) in 2010. Another celebrated structure is the accession to the Architecture build, designed by Steven Holl and completed in 2002. It won an american Institute of Architects award for its innovative design. The computer architecture build was then renamed Rapson Hall after the local modernist architect and School of Architecture Dean Ralph Rapson. The university besides has a “ greek row ” of historic fraternities and sororities located north of campus on University Avenue SE .
West Bank [edit ]
Department of Theatre Arts & Dance, Rarig Center The West Bank covers 53 acres ( 21 hour angle ). The West Bank Arts Quarter includes :
- Rarig Center (Theatre Arts & Dance)
- The Barbara Barker Center for Dance
- Ferguson Hall (School of Music)
- Ted Mann Concert Hall
- Regis Center for Art
The Quarter is home to several annual interdisciplinary arts festivals. The Social Sciences are besides on the West Bank and include the Carlson School of Management, the Law School, and the Hubert H. Humphrey School of Public Affairs. Wilson Library, the largest library in the university system, is besides on the West Bank, as is Middlebrook Hall, the largest mansion mansion on campus. approximately 900 students reside in the build named in honor of William T. Middlebrook. [ 69 ]
Getting around [edit ]
The Washington Avenue Bridge crossing the Mississippi River provides access between the East and West Banks, on foot and via designated motorcycle lanes and a rid shuttle serve. The bridge has two separate decks : the lower deck for vehicles and the newly constructed light track, and the amphetamine deck for pedestrian and bicycle traffic. An unheated enclosed walk runs the length of the bridge and shelters pedestrians from the upwind. Walking and riding bicycles are the most common modes of department of transportation among students. University Police occasionally quote individuals for jaywalk or riding bicycles on restrict sidewalks in areas surrounding the university, resulting in fines american samoa high as $ 250. This is often done at the beginning of a school year or after pedestrians interfere with traffic. [ 70 ] several pedestrian tunnels ease the passage from building to building during harsh weather ; they are marked with signs reading “ The Gopher Way “. The Minneapolis campus is near Interstates 94 and 35W and is bordered by the Minneapolis neighborhoods of Dinkytown ( on the north ), Cedar-Riverside ( on the west ), Stadium Village ( on the southeast ), and Prospect Park ( on the east ). Three light-rail stations serve the university along the park Line : stadium Village, East Bank, and West Bank. The university partnered with Metro to offer students, staff, and staff members a Campus Zone Pass that enables free travel on the three stations that pass through campus, [ 71 ] arsenic well as a discounted outright passing for students. [ 72 ]
St. Paul campus [edit ]
antenna photograph of St. Paul campus, facing south The St. Paul campus is in the city of Falcon Heights, approximately 3 miles ( 4.8 kilometer ) from the Minneapolis campus. The default identify mention for the ZIP code serving the campus is “ St. Paul ”, but “ Falcon Heights ” is besides recognized for use in the street addresses of all campus buildings. The College of Food, Agricultural and Natural Resource Sciences, including the University of Minnesota Food Industry Center and many other disciplines from social sciences to vocational education, are on this campus. It besides includes the College of Continuing and Professional Studies, [ 73 ] College of Veterinary Medicine, [ 74 ] and College of Biological Sciences. [ 75 ] The extensive lawns, flowers, trees, and surrounding University inquiry farm plots create a green and placid campus. It has a grassy promenade of its own and can be a snatch of a retreat from the more urban Minneapolis campus. Prominent on this campus is Bailey Hall, the St. Paul campus ‘ lone mansion hall. Campus Connector buses run every 5 minutes on weekdays when school is in school term, and every 20 minutes on weekends, allowing students easy access to both campuses. The Continuing Education and Conference Center, [ 76 ] which serves over 20,000 league attendees per year, is besides on the St. Paul campus.
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The St. Paul campus is home to the College of Design ‘s Department of Design, Housing, and Apparel ( DHA ). Located in McNeal Hall, DHA includes the departmental disciplines of apparel design, graphic design, house studies, inner purpose, and retail selling. The St. Paul campus is known to University students and staff for the Meat and Dairy Salesroom, [ 77 ] which sells animal food products ( such as internal-combustion engine cream, cheese, and kernel ) produced in the university ‘s state-certified pilot program plant by students, staff and staff. [ 78 ] The St. Paul campus borders the Minnesota State Fairgrounds, which hosts the largest department of state honest in the United States by daily attendance. [ 79 ] The bonny lasts 12 days, from belated August through Labor Day. The grounds besides serve a assortment of functions during the rest of the year. Although the Falcon Heights area code is 651, the university telephone system trunk lines use Minneapolis exchanges and its 612 area code .
Commuting between Minneapolis and St. Paul campuses [edit ]
On unconstipated weekdays during the school year, the Campus Connectors operate with schedule-less overhaul deoxyadenosine monophosphate often as every five minutes during the busiest parts of the school day ( between 7 am and 5:30 prime minister ), slowing to once every 15 or 20 minutes during earlier or later hours. [ 80 ] The estimated commute prison term between St. Paul and the East Bank is 15 minutes. [ 81 ] In 2008, the system carried 3.55 million riders. Although the shuttle service is free, it is relatively cheap to operate ; with an operate cost of $ 4.55 million in 2008, the operate subsidy was lone $ 1.28 per passenger. even Metro Transit ‘s busy METRO Blue Line lighter rail required a subsidy of $ 1.44 that class, and that was with many riders paying $ 1.75 or more for a ride. [ 82 ]
Campus base hit [edit ]
The Step Up campaign is a program that helps students prevent excessive drink in, ampere well as sexual assail and other crimes, by teaching them how to intervene and prevent in a positive way. [ 83 ] This is done, in part, by explaining the bystander effect. The U of M besides has a TXT-U emergency telling text messaging system that sends out a notification to all staff, staff, and students in case of emergency. [ 84 ] early resources help students get home safely. Calling 624-WALK secures an escort for walks to adjacent campuses and neighborhoods, and Gopher Chauffeur, a vanguard serve, offers rides near and on campus. Both are barren and receptive to all students, staff, and faculty. [ 85 ] In addition, the campus has closely 200 automated external defibrillators ( AEDs ) and 200 scandalmongering phones for emergency-only calls. The University Police Station has 20 Code Blue phones around campus that immediately connect people to their position. There are besides over 2,000 security cameras being monitored 24 hours a day. [ 85 ]
sexual assaults [edit ]
Minnesota Gophers football player Dominic Jones was convicted of intimate assault in 2008. [ 86 ] In July 2009, an appeals court upheld Jones ‘ conviction, but reduced his four-year prison sentence to one year. [ 87 ] More than 1,000 sexual assaults on campus were reported between 2010 and 2015. [ 88 ] No prosecutions for rape occurred, according to Katie Eichele of the Aurora Center, [ 88 ] until the conviction of Daniel Drill-Mellum in 2016, for the rapes of two fellow students. [ 89 ] Drill-Mellum received a six-year prison sentence. [ 89 ] It has been alleged that few sexual assaults on campus are reported to University police. [ 90 ] Six resulted in apprehension from 2010 to 2015 ; one was determined to be baseless. [ 90 ] In a study by campus police, in the years between 2005 and 2015, sexual assaults at the university remained the like or increased [ 91 ] despite six sexual assail resources and many anti-crime programs on campus. [ 92 ] [ 93 ] [ 94 ] [ 95 ] In August 2020, the University of Minnesota agreed to pay $ 500,000 to a charwoman who in the drop of 2016, accused respective Gophers football players of sexually assaulting her. [ 96 ] In February 2017, a University of Minnesota panel cleared four of the 10 Gopher football players the woman accused, expelled four and suspended the other two for a class. [ 97 ]
student life sentence and traditions [edit ]
greek liveliness, professional and honor societies [edit ]
The University of Minnesota has numerous fraternities and sororities. Including defunct branches, the greek system numbers more than 200 organizations, approximately half of which operate nowadays. [ 98 ] The university ‘s greek societies include the residential Academic and Social chapters, including non-residential multicultural groups. The greek System includes some but not all Professional Fraternities, Honor Societies, Religious and Service Fraternities. Fraternities and sororities have built several historically significant “ Fraternity Row ” homes along University Ave. SE, 10th Ave. SE, 4th Street SE, and 5th Street SE, all in Minneapolis, or along Cleveland Ave. near the St. Paul campus. [ 99 ] As of June 2018, approximately 3,900 system members made up about 11 % of the campus population. Minnesota hosts 38 academician fraternities, 20 academic sororities, 56 honors societies, 31 professional societies, and two service-focused chapters. [ 100 ] [ 101 ]
Media [edit ]
The eastern edge of the Northrop Mall, spring 2008
The Minnesota Daily has been published doubly a workweek during the normal school season since the fall semester 2016. [ 102 ] It is print weekly during the summer. The Daily is operated by an autonomous organization run wholly by students. It was first published on May 1, 1900. Besides everyday news coverage, the composition has besides published especial issues, such as the Grapevine Awards, Ski-U-Mah, the Bar & Beer Guide, Sex-U-Mah, and others. A long-defunct temper magazine, Ski-U-Mah, was published from about 1930 to 1950. It launched the career of novelist and scriptwriter Max Shulman. A proportional newcomer to the university ‘s print media community is The Wake Student Magazine, a hebdomadally that covers UMN-related stories and provides a forum for scholar expression. It was founded in November 2001 in an effort to diversify campus media and achieved scholar group status in February 2002. [ 103 ] Students from many disciplines do all of the report, writing, editing, exemplification, photography, layout, and occupation management for the issue. The magazine was founded by James DeLong and Chris Ruen. [ 104 ] The Wake was named the nation ‘s best campus publication ( 2006 ) by the Independent Press Association. [ 103 ] additionally, the Wake publishes Liminal, a literary daybook begun in 2005. Liminal was created in the absence of an undergraduate literary daybook and continues to bring poetry and prose to the university community. The Wake has faced a count of challenges during its being, due in part to the reliance on student fees funding. In April 2004, after the scholar Services Fees Committee had initially declined to fund it, the want $ 60,000 in financing was restored, allowing the cartridge holder to continue publishing. [ 104 ] It faced farther challenges in 2005, when its request for extra support to publish weekly was denied [ 105 ] and then partially restored. [ 106 ] In 2005 conservatives on campus began formulating a modern monthly magazine named The Minnesota Republic. The beginning issue was released in February 2006, and support by scholar service fees started in September 2006 .
radio receiver [edit ]
The campus radio station, KUOM “ Radio K ”, broadcasts an eclectic variety of autonomous music during the day on 770 kHz AM. Its 5,000-watt signal has a roll of 80 miles ( 130 kilometer ), but shuts down at twilight because of Federal Communications Commission regulations. In 2003, the station added a low-power ( 8-watt ) sign on 106.5 MHz FM overnight and on weekends. In 2005, a 10-watt translator began broadcasting from Falcon Heights on 100.7 FM at all times. Radio K besides streams its content at www.radiok.org. With roots in experimental transmissions that began before World War I, the station received the first AM broadcast license in the state on January 13, 1922, and began broadcasting as WLB, changing to the KUOM call sign about two decades late. The station had an educational format until 1993, when it merged with a smaller campus-only music post to become what is now known as Radio K. A little group of full-time employees are joined by over 20 part-time student employees who oversee the station. Most of the on-air talent consists of scholar volunteers .
television receiver [edit ]
Some television programs made on campus have been broadcast on local anesthetic PBS place KTCI channel 17. several episodes of Great Conversations have been made since 2002, featuring one-on-one discussions between University staff and experts brought in from around the world. Tech Talk was a display intend to help people who feel intimidated by modern technology, including cellular phones and computers .
Minnesota Student Association [edit ]
The Minnesota Student Association ( MSA ) is the undergraduate scholar politics at the University of Minnesota. It advocates for scholar interests on local, state, and federal levels, and focuses on efforts that immediately benefit the scholar population. “ Gopher Chauffeur ”, in the first place titled the MSA Express, is a student-operated late-night ride serve. [ 107 ] Piloted by MSA, the 2007–2008 administration of Emma Olson and Ross Skattum began the process of transitioning the service to the university ‘s Boynton Health Services. [ 108 ] This was done to ensure its longevity. student response was overwhelmingly positive, [ 109 ] and the program was expanded in holocene years due to campus base hit concerns. [ 110 ] MSA was implemental in passing legislation in the 2013 Minnesota Legislature for aesculapian pardon, and has focused more heavily on legislative advocacy in recent years. [ 111 ]
graduate and Professional Student Assembly [edit ]
The Graduate and Professional Student Assembly ( GAPSA ) was responsible for graduate and professional student administration at the University of Minnesota. It is the largest and most comprehensive graduate/professional scholar administration arrangement in the United States. GAPSA serves students in the Carlson School of Management, the Dental School, the Graduate School, the Law School, the Medical School, the School of Nursing, the College of Pharmacy, the School of Public Health, the College of Veterinary Medicine, and the College of Education and Human Development. GAPSA is besides a penis of the National Association of Graduate-Professional Students. The University of Minnesota has the second-largest number of graduate and professional students in the United States at over 16,000. All register calibrate and professional students at UMN are members of GAPSA. It was established in 1990 as a nonprofit organization ( IRS 501 ( cytosine ) ( 3 ) ) confederation of independent college councils representing all alumnus and professional students at the University of Minnesota to the Board of Regents, the president of the united states of the university, the University Senate, UMN at big and the wide community. GAPSA served as a resource for member councils, as the primary reach point for administrative units, as a graduate and professional student policy-making and policy-influencing body, and as a center of intercollegiate and intracollegiate interaction among students. In 2014, GAPSA split into two organizations and ceased to exist as such due to an increasing interval between the needs of calibrate and professional students. COGS ( the Council of Graduate Students ) broke off from the larger soundbox, which then renamed to PSG ( Professional Student Governance ). [ 112 ] [ 113 ] Both units continue to fulfill the former functions of GAPSA for the respective student bodies each represents .
scholar activism [edit ]
scholar activism has played an crucial function at the university, including campaigns to desegregate campus housing in the 1930s and 1940s, [ 114 ] Black students ‘ take over of Morrill Hall in 1969, which led to the initiation of the Department of Afro-American Studies, [ 115 ] now known as the Department of African-American and African Studies, [ 116 ] the 1970 scholar hit against war, [ 117 ] campaigns to keep the General College open in the 2000s, campaigns against racism in 2014-2015 known as Whose Diversity ?, [ 118 ] and many graduate student unionization efforts .
Athletics [edit ]
Minnesota ‘s Twin Cities campus athletics teams are called the Minnesota Golden Gophers and are members of the Big Ten Conference and the western Collegiate Hockey Association ( WCHA ) in the National Collegiate Athletic Association ( NCAA ). As of 2019, they have won 19 NCAA championships [ 119 ] and claim nine national football championships. [ 120 ] [ circular reference ]
Since the 2013–14 school year, the alone Minnesota team that does not compete in the Big Ten is the women ‘s ice field hockey team, which competes in the WCHA. The Gophers men ‘s ice ice hockey team was a longtime WCHA member, but left when the Big Ten began operating a men ‘s ice ice hockey league with six inaugural members. The current acrobatic conductor is Mark Coyle. The Golden Gophers ‘ most noteworthy competition is the annual college football game against the Wisconsin Badgers ( University of Wisconsin–Madison, Madison, Wisconsin ) for Paul Bunyan ‘s Axe. The two universities besides compete in the Border Battle, a year-long athletic contest in which each fun season is worth 40 points divided by the number of times the teams play each other ( i.e. football is worth 40 points because they play each early merely once, while women ‘s ice field hockey is worth 10 points per game because they play four times a year ). conference and postseason playoffs do not count in the point standings. Goldy Gopher is the mascot for the Twin Cities campus and the associate sports teams. The minnesotan mascot is a tradition equally old as the state, which was tabbed the “ Gopher State ” in 1857 after a political cartoon ridiculing the $ 5 million railway loanword that helped open up the West. The cartoon portrayed devious dragoon barons as strip gophers pulling a railroad track car carrying the territorial Legislature. Later, the university picked up the nickname with the first university annual, bearing the appoint “ Gopher Annual ”, appearing in 1887. The Minnesota Rouser is university ‘s crusade song. It is normally played and sung by the 320-member Minnesota Marching Band at events such as beginning, convocation, and athletic games. other songs associated with the university include the Minnesota March, which was composed for the university by John Philip Sousa, and Hail ! Minnesota, the university ‘s alma mater and submit sung of Minnesota. [ 121 ]
The Minnesota Golden Gophers are one of the oldest programs in college football history. They have won seven national championships and 18 Big Ten Conference Championships. The golden Gophers played their inaugural game on September 29, 1882, a 4–0 victory over Hamline University, St. Paul. In 1887, the Golden Gophers played host to the Wisconsin Badgers in a 63–0 victory. With the exception of 1906, the Golden Gophers and the Badgers have played each other every year since. The 128 games played against each other make this the most play competition in NCAA Division I FBS college football. In 1981, the Golden Gophers played their concluding game in Memorial Stadium. Between 1982 and 2008, the school played their home games in the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in downtown Minneapolis. They moved back to campus on September 12, 2009, when their fresh home, TCF Bank Stadium, opened with a game against the Air Force Falcons of the U.S. Air Force Academy. Often referred to as The Bank, the stadium was renamed Huntington Bank Stadium in June 2021 to reflect the acquisition of TCF Bank by Huntington Bank .
basketball [edit ]
The Golden Gophers men ‘s basketball team has won two National Championships, two National Invitation Tournament ( NIT ) Championships, and eight Big Ten Regular Season Championships. They besides have six NCAA Tournament appearances, including a Final Four appearance in 1997 and three Sweet 16 appearances. however, because of NCAA sanctions for academician fraud, all postseason appearances from 1994 to 1998—in the NCAA Tournament in 1994, 1995, and 1997 and NIT in 1996 and 1998—were vacated. Most recently, in April 2014 the Golden Gophers defeated SMU to win the NIT championship at Madison Square Garden in New York City. The Golden Gophers women ‘s basketball team has enjoyed success in recent years under Pam Borton, including a Final Four appearance in 2004. Overall, they have six NCAA Tournament appearances and three Sweet 16 appearances .
valet ‘s ice hockey [edit ]
The Golden Gophers men ‘s ice hockey program has won 5 Division I National Championships, and 24 conference championships ( including 13 WCHA and 4 Big Ten Hockey season championships. They have won 14 WCHA Tournament Championships and have 20 NCAA Frozen Four appearances. A early Golden Gophers field hockey custom was to fill a majority of the team roll with Minnesota natives. Home games are played at Mariucci Arena. The aureate Gophers ‘ big rivals are the University of Wisconsin–Madison and the University of North Dakota .
Women ‘s field hockey [edit ]
The Golden Gophers women ‘s ice hockey team has won six NCAA National Championships, most recently in 2016, and nine WCHA Regular Season Championships. They have besides won seven WCHA Tournament Championships and have eleven NCAA Frozen Four appearances. They play their home games in Ridder Arena. They were the first collegiate women ‘s ice hockey team to play in an arena dedicated entirely to women ‘s frosting field hockey. In the 2012–2013 season they finished undefeated at 41–0, and are the first and entirely NCAA women ‘s field hockey team to do thus. After winning the NCAA tournament their win mottle stood at 49 games, dating back to February 17, 2012, when they lost to North Dakota .
Women ‘s rugby [edit ]
The first Division I collegiate women ‘s rugby club in the state, the Golden Gophers women ‘s rugby club team won the Midwest conference championship in 2015, 2016, and 2017. [ 122 ]
Women ‘s gymnastics [edit ]
The Golden Gophers Women ‘s Gymnastics team competes in the Maturi Pavilion. [ 123 ] The team has won six Big Ten titles, the most late in 2016, when they won the regular season backing with a 9–0 record .
Cross Country and Track and Field [edit ]
The Cross Country and Track and Field programs have produced several professional runners, including Ben Blankenship and Gabriele Grunwald. They besides host the Roy Griak suffer, a big collegiate hybrid country meet. [ 124 ]
celebrated people [edit ]
See besides [edit ]
References [edit ]
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