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Sunbury ( ) [ 5 ] is a satellite city [ citation needed ] located 39 kilometres ( 24 nautical mile ) northwest of Melbourne ‘s central commercial enterprise district, in the state of Victoria, Australia. Its local government area is the City of Hume. At the 2016 census, Sunbury had a population of 36,084. [ 1 ] Statistically, Sunbury is considered part of Greater Melbourne, as per the victorian politics ‘s 2009 decision to extend the urban growth boundary in 2011 to include the area, giving its land urban status and value. [ 6 ]
history [edit ]
The Sunbury area has several important Aboriginal archaeological sites, including five earth rings, which were identified in the 1970s and 1980s, and believed to have been used for ceremony gatherings. Records of corroborees and early large gatherings during early on colony attest to the importance of the area for Aboriginal people of the Wurundjeri tribe. [ 7 ] [ 8 ] [ 9 ] One Indigenous name for the area of strange lyric and mean is ‘Koorakoorakup ‘. [ 10 ]
Reading: Sunbury, Victoria – Wikipedia
Sunbury was first settled in 1836, by George Evans and William Jackson. It was Jackson and his brother, Samuel, who named the township Sunbury, after Sunbury-on-Thames, in Middlesex, England when it was established in 1857. The Post Office opened on 13 January 1858. [ 11 ] Sunbury ‘s connection with the history and development of Victoria is influential because of its most celebrated and mighty citizen, “ big ” Clarke. In 1837, Clarke came to the area, and gained huge bucolic licences encompassing Sunbury, Clarkefield and Monegeetta. [ 12 ] His character as one of the biggest pastoralists in the colony, and his ability and position within the victorian Legislative Council, were highly meaning in the early years of Victoria. During the early decades of self-government in the Colony of Victoria there was a continual conflict in parliament, between the Legislative Assembly and the Legislative Council for dominance and the control of politics. It was Council members, such as Clarke, who attempted to negate what they saw as the excesses of manhood right to vote, republicanism and Chartism, as embodied in the Assembly, in arrange to protect their own position. [ 13 ] “ boastful ” Clarke, as a member of the alleged bunyip nobility, besides helped to frustrate legislative measures involving opening land to little farm selectors. Melbourne Punch depicted Clarke in anti- chunky cartoons, such as “ The Man in Possession ” [ 14 ] In 1859, “ boastfully ” Clarke was involved in a scandal around the discovery of gold on his holdings in Deep Creek. Shares in the Bolinda company soared and Clarke sold his shares at the point of the rush, before the imposter was exposed. The gold assay was actually ‘salted ‘, possibly via a shotgun blast of aureate pellets into the samples. Clarke claimed the rich assay was proved when washed in a soup roll. The ever-barbed Melbourne Punch explained how the fraud worked in a cartoon of a chip chinese Willow Pattern plate titled “ The Soup Plate ”. [ 15 ] In 1874, Clarke ‘s son William built a mansion on an estate of the realm named “ Rupertswood “, after his own son, Rupert. The estate of the realm had access to a private railway post. Though the place was constructed in the late nineteenth hundred, the Clarkes did not pay the railways for its structure until the 1960s. ( Rupertswood railway post was closed as a resultant role of the Regional Fast Rail project and is immediately entirely a disused chopine ). [ 16 ] The Clarkes besides had a connection to the Kelly Gang floor via their police connection with Superintendent Hare. The younger William was the president of the Melbourne Cricket Club, and it was through that put that the touring English cricket team came to spend the Christmas of 1882 at Rupertswood. On Christmas Eve, the English team played a social game of cricket against a local team. Lady Clarke took one or more bails, burnt them, and put the ashes in a humble urn, wrapped in a crimson velvet bag, which she presented to the English Captain, Ivo Bligh. [ 17 ] She proposed that the ashes be used as a ageless trophy for matches between the two countries. The Ashes has since become one of the earth ‘s most sought frolic trophies. In 1922, the Clarke class sold the property to H V McKay, the owner of the Sunshine Harvester Works, who died in 1926. His estate of the realm sold the property in 1927 to the Salesian Catholic holy order. Until recently the mansion and surrounding property were used for educational and agrarian purposes, and as a boarding school for students undertaking both academic and agrarian endeavours. The school, known as Salesian College, Rupertswood, is still located on the property. The mansion has been restored, and is used for weddings and other courtly functions. In the early 1970s, the area, which was then calm largely rural, became celebrated in Australia as the site of the Sunbury Pop Festival, which was held annually from 1972 to 1975 .
culture [edit ]
The movement of the Rupertswood sign of the zodiac, located in the Rupertswood Estate, Sunbury Sunbury ‘s residents represent diverse cultural backgrounds, and include a major wage-earning sector, pendent on proximity to major fabricate and transportation hubs, such as Melbourne Airport which is only 17.5 kilometres ( 11 security service ) from the township. A recent course for people who work in the Melbourne CBD to trade longer change times for a more economic life style ( due to cheaper caparison ), has seen the population of Sunbury grow in number, with numerous new housing estates ringing the borders of the established township. Sunbury ‘s population was recorded as being 25,086 in the 2001 census, and is estimated at 34,000 in 2016, [ 18 ] making it the 38th largest urban center by population in Australia .
Retail and entertainment [edit ]
Sunbury has a town center containing Jaycar Electronics, Calco Electrical, Coles, Woolworths, Foodworks and IGA supermarkets a well as Big W, Harris Scarfe and Target, Good Guys, Godfrey ‘s department stores. aside from the township center is an Aldi Supermarket, and Bunnings Warehouse hardware store. There are besides many food outlets located in Sunbury such as Nando ‘s, Vics Cuisine, Rocquette, Restaurant 77 and a variety of pizza restaurants, pisces and chip shops and asian restaurants. Sunbury besides has many great small cafe to dine at such as The Spotted Owl, Sacco Coffee, cafe Circe and Mac ‘s Lounge. Sunbury has a Reading Cinema, three Hotels and The Alley Sunbury cabaret, a 330-person capacity cabaret located 150 metres from the railway station and taxi hub .
transportation [edit ]
Sunbury railway station in November 2012
Sunbury Railway Station is connected by Metro services to Melbourne and by V/Line services on the Bendigo train line to both Melbourne and area Victoria. V/Line services are not equally frequent as those on the metropolitan Metro service – an approximate hourly frequency is provided by V/Line on weekdays, although on weekends service levels can be a infrequent as once every 80 minutes. The State Government electrified the tracks between Sunbury and Sydenham in a $ 270 million investing, bringing more patronize passenger services to the town – these Metro services started running on 18 November 2012. [ 19 ]
education [edit ]
The Asylum on Jacksons Hill Sunbury – Later turned into one of Victoria University Campuses and then closed down in 2008 Primary schools
- Sunbury West Primary School
- Sunbury Primary School
- Sunbury Heights Primary School
- Killara Primary School
- Kismet Park Primary School
- St Anne’s Primary School
- Our Lady of Mount Carmel Primary School
- Goonawarra Primary School
Secondary schools and high schools
- Sunbury Downs College (formerly Sunbury Post-primary School)
- Sunbury College (formerly Sunbury Secondary College, Sunbury High School)
- Salesian College
- Sunbury and Macedon Ranges Special School
sport [edit ]
Sunbury is represented in the come sporting leagues : Athletics
Politics [edit ]
Sunbury is represented by Cr Trevor Dance, Cr Jarrod Bell and Cr Steve ( Jack ) Medcraft in the Jacksons Creek Ward of the City of Hume. At State floor, Sunbury is in the Electoral district of Sunbury, represented by Josh Bull. Federally, Sunbury is located in the Division of McEwen, represented by Rob Mitchell .
luminary people [edit ]
See besides [edit ]
historical bibliography [edit ]
- O’Brien, Antony. Shenanigans on the Ovens Goldfields: the 1859 election, Artillery Publishing, Hartwell, 2005. (details on the Bolinda Company gold scam and ‘Big’Clarke’s role in Upper House)
- Serle, Geoffrey. The Golden Age: A History of the Colony of Victoria, 1851-1861, Melbourne University Press, Carlton, 1963. (gold, squatters and government)
- Spreadbrough Robert and Anderson, Hugh. Victorian Squatters, Red Rooster, Ascot Vale, 1983. (detailed maps of squatters runs in the district)
- Turner, Henry Giles, A History of the Colony of Victoria: from its discovery to its absorption in the Commonwealth of Australia, Vols 1 & 2, Melbourne, 1904.