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Southport is a large seaside town in Merseyside, England. At the 2001 census, it had a population of 90,336, making it the eleventh most populous liquidation in North West England. [ 4 ] Southport lies on the Irish Sea slide and is fringed to the north by the Ribble estuary. The town is 16.7 miles ( 26.9 kilometer ) north of Liverpool and 14.8 miles ( 23.8 kilometer ) southwest of Preston.
Reading: Southport – Wikipedia
Within the boundaries of the historic county of Lancashire, the town was founded in 1792 when William Sutton, an host from Churchtown, built a bathing house at what is now the south end of Lord Street. [ 5 ] At that prison term, the area, known as South Hawes, was sparsely populate and dominated by sandpaper dunes. At the turn of the nineteenth hundred, the area became popular with tourists due to the easy access from the nearby Leeds and Liverpool Canal. The rapid growth of Southport largely coincided with the Industrial Revolution and the victorian era. town attractions include Southport Pier, the second longest seaside joy pier in the british Isles, [ 6 ] and Lord Street, an elegant tree-lined shop street. across-the-board backbone dunes stretch for several miles from Woodvale to Birkdale, the south of the township. The Ainsdale sand dunes have been designated as a home nature reserve and a Ramsar web site. local anesthetic fauna include the natterjack frog and the sand lizard. [ 7 ] [ 8 ] The town contains examples of victorian architecture and township planning, on Lord Street and elsewhere. A particular feature of the town is the across-the-board tree plant. This was one of the conditions required by the Hesketh class when they made down available for development in the nineteenth century. Hesketh Park at the northern end of the town is named after them, having been built on farming donated by Rev. Charles Hesketh. [ 9 ] Southport today is still one of the most democratic seaside resorts in the UK. It hosts versatile events, including an annual air express on and over the beach, [ 10 ] the largest independent flower prove in the UK ( in Victoria Park ) and the british Musical Fireworks Championship. The town is at the center of England ‘s Golf Coast [ 11 ] and has hosted the Open Championship at the Royal Birkdale Golf Club .
history [edit ]
The coat of arms of Southport
Earliest settlements [edit ]
There have been settlements in the area now comprising Southport since the Domesday Book, and some parts of the town have names of Viking origin. [ 12 ] The earliest read human action in the region was during the Middle Stone Age, when mesolithic age hunter gatherers were attracted by the abundant red deer and wapiti population, a well as the handiness of fish, mollusk and forest. Roman coins have been found at Halsall Moss and Crossens, [ 13 ] although the Romans never settled southwest lancashire. The first gear real evidence of an early on colony here is in the Domesday Book, in which the sphere is called Otergimele. The Domesday Book states that there were 50 huts in Otergimele, caparison a population of 200. The population was scattered thinly across the region and it was at the northeast end of Otergimele ( salute day Crossens ), where blown sand gave direction to alluvial deposits from the River Ribble estuary, that a small concentration of people occurred. It was here, it seems, that a archaic church was built, which gave the emerge village its name of Churchtown, the parish being north Meols ( pronounced “ meals ”, not “ mells ” ). A church called St Cuthbert ‘s is still at the center of Churchtown. With a boom fish industry, the area grew slowly and hamlets became contribution of the parish of North Meols. From south to union, these villages were South Hawes, Haweside, Little London, Higher Blowick, Lower Blowick, Rowe-Lane, Churchtown, Marshside, Crossens, and Banks. [ 14 ] a well as Churchtown, there were vicarages in Crossens and Banks. Parts of the parish were about wholly surrounded by urine until 1692 when Thomas Fleetwood of Bank Hall cut a channel to drain Martin Mere to the ocean. [ 15 ] From this degree on, attempts at large-scale drain of Martin Mere and other marsh continued until the nineteenth century, since when the body of water has been pumped aside. This left behind a bequest of fine agricultural land and created a boom farm industry .
early history [edit ]
Plaque dedicated to William Sutton, on the corner of Duke Street In the late eighteenth century, it was becoming stylish for the comfortable to desert inland watering place towns and visit the seaside to bathe in the salt sea waters. At that time, doctors recommended bathe in the sea to help cure aches and pains. In 1792, William Sutton, the landlord of the Black Bull Inn in Churchtown ( now the Hesketh Arms ) and known to locals as “ The Old Duke ”, realised the importance of the newly created canal systems across the UK and set up a bathe house in the virtually uninhabited dunes at South Hawes by the seaside just four miles ( 6 kilometer ) away from the newly constructed Leeds and Liverpool Canal and two miles southwest of Churchtown. When a widow from Wigan built a bungalow nearby in 1797 for seasonal lodgers, Sutton promptly built a new hostel on the web site of the bathe firm which he called the South Port Hotel, moving to live there the be temper. [ 16 ] The locals thought him delirious and referred to the building as the Duke’s Folly, but Sutton arranged ecstasy links from the duct that ran through Scarisbrick, four miles from the hotel, and trade was signally full. The hotel survived until 1854, when it was demolished to make way for traffic at the end of Lord Street, but its presence and the impingement of its fall through are marked by a brass in the vicinity, by the name of one street at the intersection, namely Duke Street, [ 5 ] and by a hotel on Duke Street which bears the bequest mention of Dukes Folly Hotel .
nineteenth century [edit ]
municipal buildings, Southport, England, ca. 1890 – 1900 Southport grew promptly in the nineteenth hundred as it gained a repute for being a more refine seaside recourse than its neighbour-up-the-coast Blackpool. In fact Southport had a read/write head start compared to all the early places on the Lancashire seashore because it had easy access to the duct organization. other seaside bathing areas could not actually get going until the railways were built some years late. The Leeds and Liverpool canal brought people from Liverpool, Manchester, Bolton and Wigan amongst others. By 1820 Southport had over 20,000 visitors per year .
Southport Pier is a Grade II listed structure. At 3,650 feet (1,110 m), it is the second longest in Great Britain. Southport Pier is referred to as the first true “ pleasure pier ”, being one of the earliest pier structures to be erected using iron. A purpose from James Brunlees was approved at a monetary value of £8,700 and on 4 August 1859 a large crowd witnessed the drive home of the first defend pile. The opening of the pier was celebrated on 2 August 1860. [ 17 ]
Eliza Fernley lifeboat, in Duke Street Cemetery Memorial to the crowd of thelifeboat, in Duke Street Cemetery On the night of 9 December 1886, the worst lifeboat disaster in the history of the UK occurred off the shores of Southport. A cargo embark called the Mexico [ 18 ] was on its way to South America when it found itself in difficulty. Lifeboats from Lytham, St. Annes and Southport set off to try to rescue those aboard the vessel. The crew battled against storm-force winds as they rowed towards the casualty. The entire crew from the St. Anne ‘s gravy boat was lost and all but two of the Southport crew were excessively. In all, 28 lifeboatmen lost their lives on that night, leaving many widows and fatherless children. A memorial was erected in Duke Street Cemetery and a permanent exhibition used to be on expose in the Museum of the Botanic Gardens ( now closed ) in Churchtown. There is besides a memorial inside the Lifeboat sign of the zodiac, now operated by the Southport Offshore Rescue Trust. Mexico was just one of many shipwrecks in the Southport area .
twentieth century [edit ]
From 1894 to 1912 Birkdale and the border greenwich village of Ainsdale were separate from Southport and administered by Birkdale Urban District Council before becoming part of the county borough of Southport in 1912. This was a huge expansion of the town. In 1914, a very short-change romanticism narrative between a “ 2 park road Southport “ individual and french lady took invest in Valenciennes in north France during early First World War as described by Andrée Ducatez ‘s Journal. [ 19 ] In 1925, the RNLI abandoned the station at Southport and left the township with no lifeboat. In the late 1980s, after a serial of tragedies, local anesthetic families from Southport started to raise funds and bought a newfangled lifeboat for the town stationed at the old RNLI lifeboat theater. [ 20 ] The lifeboat, operated by the Southport Offshore Rescue Trust, is wholly freelancer from the RNLI and receives no money from them. alternatively it relies entirely on donations from the general public. On 21 March 1926, Henry Segrave set the land accelerate record in his 4-litre Sunbeam Tiger Ladybird on the sands at Southport at 152.33 miles per hour ( 245.15 kilometers per hour ). This record lasted for good over a calendar month, until broken by J.G. Parry-Thomas .
administration [edit ]
politically, the constituency of Southport has historically been a key battlefield between the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats, but Labour has emerged as a serious rival in holocene years. John Pugh was the MP for Southport, holding the seat for 16 years until his retirement in the 2017 General election when the Conservatives took the seat and the Liberal Democrats ‘ campaigner Sue McGuire fell into third place. The incumbent Member of Parliament is Damien Moore who held a majority of 4,147 in 2019 .
lancashire [edit ]
Southport is located within the historic county boundaries of Lancashire, and was incorporated as a municipal borough in 1866. It became a county borough independent of the administrative county of Lancashire in 1915, having reached the minimum 50,000 population ( the 1911 census gave a figure of 51,643 ). The Birkdale Urban District, including the parishes of Birkdale and Ainsdale was added to Southport in 1912. The county borough had its headquarters at Southport Town Hall. [ 21 ]
Merseyside [edit ]
Under the 1971 local Government White Paper, presented in February 1971, Southport would have lost its county borough condition, becoming a non-metropolitan zone within Lancashire. Rather than accept this fortune and lose its divide education and social services departments, Southport Corporation lobbied for inclusion in the nearby planned metropolitan county of Merseyside, to join with Bootle and other units to form a zone with the 250,000 ask population. It was punctually included in the Metropolitan Borough of Sefton. [ 22 ] This decision has been regretted by some of the population. A recurring local political issue has been the cross-party campaign campaigning for Southport to leave Sefton and form its own unitary authority, possibly adjoined to the neighbouring West Lancashire authority. digest for this has been seen amongst Liberal Democrat councillors, [ 23 ] and besides within the Southport Conservative Party. [ 24 ] A Southport born homo Kevin Laroux Wood stood in the 1983 general election for the Southport Constituency. He was supported by a team of like minded people who raised the funds needed and formed the “ Southport Back in Lancashire Party ”. Posters were distributed and articles published in the Visiter newspaper. Although he was not elected as MP, it put the emergence securely on the local agenda which continues to this day. In the same period in 1980, a Private Member ‘s Bill proposed restoring Southport to Lancashire, and renaming the remainder of Sefton to the Metropolitan Borough of Bootle. The local anesthetic Government Boundary Commission for England conducted a review of the area in 1987, which attracted 10,000 messages, of which “ 70 % were professional forma “. In 1990 the LGBC made suggestions that Southport, Ainsdale and Birkdale should be made a zone of Lancashire : the final examination recommendations in 1991 “ concluded that public opinion was more evenly divided than initially thought ”, and besides that eastward transport links with Lancashire were hapless compared to those southward to the Liverpool area .
Sefton [edit ]
The politics again directed the local Government Commission for England to make a recapitulation in December 1996 ( after it had finished the work on the creation of unitary authorities ), commencing in January 1997. This review was constrained by the legal inability of the commission to recommend that the current Sefton-West Lancashire boundary line be altered. In a MORI poll conducted at the behest of the LGCE, 65 % of Southport residents supported the campaign, compared to 37 % in the borough as a whole. local MPs Matthew Banks and Ronnie Fearn ( MPs for Southport at versatile times ) supported making Southport a one authority, with Banks wishing to see it tied to Lancashire ceremoniously, but Fearn wish to see it remain, as a classify borough, in Merseyside. The commission noted that Southport would have a relatively humble population for a unitary agency, even including Formby ( 89,300 or 114,700 ), and that it was worried about the viability of a south Sefton authority without Southport, and therefore recommended the status quo be kept. The commission suggested the function of area committees for the diverse parts of the borough and besides that Southport could become a civil parish. [ 25 ] Another request made in 2004 was turned down, the electoral Commission must request such a review. In 2002, a local mugwump party calling themselves the Southport Party was established, with many members supporting a policy of “ Southport out of Sefton. ” Three council seats were won in the 2002 local elections, including that of the leader of Sefton Council, Liberal Democrat Councillor, David Bamber. At the follow election there were no gains and a drop curtain in the number of votes for the party. At the all out election in 2004, one of their councillors stood down, whilst the other two lost their seats. To date, there have been no far moves to change Sefton ‘s boundaries, but the Boundary Commission indicated in 2004 that a future revue is possible. [ 26 ]
geography [edit ]
Marshside Sands, Southport At the town is situated in North West England. The closest cities are Preston approximately 20 kilometres ( 12 nautical mile ) to the union east and Liverpool approximately 27 kilometres ( 17 mi ) to the south. Existing on the West Lancashire Coastal Plain, most of the town is entirely slightly above sea level and thus parts of Southport used to be susceptible to flooding. This would be most frequently noticed on Southport ‘s Marine Drive, which was regularly closed due to flooding from high gear tides. But in February 1997, new sea defences started being constructed and in 2002 the wholly visualize was completed. [ 27 ] Southport has a maritime climate like most of the UK. Due to its position by the slide, Southport rarely sees significant snow and temperatures rarely fall below −5 °C ( 23 °F ) so it does not have patronize frosts. Southport broadly has moderate precipitation, unlike the rest of western UK. [ 28 ] The coast-to-coast Trans Pennine Trail ( TPT ) stretches the width of northern England – 215 miles ( 345 kilometer ) from Southport in the west to Hornsea in the east. The TPT is an excite route for walkers, cyclists and sawhorse riders linking the North and Irish seas and passing through the Pennines. It runs aboard rivers and canals and through some of the most historic towns and cities in the North of England. One can follow historic railways and canals and follow in the footsteps of packhorse traders on ancient salt routes .
demography [edit ]
The United Kingdom Census 2001 showed a full resident population for Southport of 90,336. [ 29 ] approximately 19,000 were aged 16 or under, 60,000 were aged 16–74, and 10,000 aged 75 and over. [ 30 ] According to the 2001 census, 96 % of Southport ‘s population claim they have been born in the UK. historically the population of Southport began to quickly increase during the Industrial Revolution and the priggish earned run average. From then the population has been stable with minor decay in some areas of the town. People from Southport are known as “ Sandgrounders ”, although there is argue about what is sufficient to qualify for that name .
|Source: Southport – A Vision of Britain, City Population – Southport & |
economy [edit ]
tourism [edit ]
Southport pier, 1890s As a seaside town Southport has a long history of leisure and diversion and is still heavily pendent on tourism. The town went into decline when bum air change of location arrived in the 1960s and people chose to holiday abroad due to competitive prices and more reliable weather. [ 32 ] however, the town kept afloat with people coming to spend the day by the seaside on bank holidays and weekends. The town has diversified with annual events, shopping and conferences. In 2011, Southport was named the fourteenth-most popular coastal resort in the area, benefiting from a 23 % advance in money spent in the haunt in that year. [ 33 ] Part of the fall back ‘s progress is a leave of the money invested in Southport over recent years. [ citation needed ]
annual events [edit ]
business [edit ]
While Southport has a addiction on tourism the town is besides home to many businesses both in the private and public sector. Some manufacture facilities were situated in the town, most notably Chewits were manufactured in the town from 1965 to 2006, only closing to move production to Slovakia. fabrication has diminished in the last few decades and only a few sites are placid in production in the town today. Lord Street is the independent shopping street of Southport. It is one of the great shop streets of Northern England and is said to be the inspiration for the tree-lined boulevards of Paris. [ citation needed ] In the 2000s Chapel Street was pedestrianised and is home to some of the UK ‘s most celebrated brands. [ 48 ] Southport besides has a newly renovated indoor market situated on King Street and Market Street [ 49 ] [ 50 ] deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as a farmers ‘ market held on the last Thursday of every month on Chapel Street. [ 51 ] Southport is used for conferences at the Southport Theatre & Convention Centre. [ 52 ] It has hosted the United Kingdom Independence Party national league deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as the regional Labour Party league. The big Democrats held their federal spring conference hera in March 2018 .
England ‘s Golf Coast [edit ]
Southport is much called England’s Golfing Capital because it is at the center of England ‘s Golf Coast and has the UK ‘s highest concentration of championship links courses. [ 53 ] Royal Birkdale Golf Club is one of the clubs in the Open Championship rotation for both men and women. The club has hosted the men ‘s backing ten times since 1954, most recently in July 2017, and has hosted the women ‘s tournament five times, including 2010. [ 54 ] Southport ‘s other courses include the 9-hole Southport Old Links in High Park, the Hesketh Golf Club, Hillside Golf Club and Southport and Ainsdale Golf Club .
Landmarks [edit ]
- See also Listed buildings in Southport
One of Southport ‘s independent attractions for many years was Pleasureland, a fairground established in 1912. It was owned by the Thompson Family, and was closed in September 2006. A substitute fairground on the lapp site, provisionally named New Pleasureland, [ 55 ] opened in July 2007. [ 56 ] An earlier permanent carnival, Peter Pan ‘s Playground, closed in the 1980s and is now the web site of separate of the Ocean Plaza shop exploitation. A former landmark of Pleasureland was the Looping Star roller coaster, which was on site from 1985 to 1987. It featured in the video recording for the pop single Wonderful Life, by Liverpool band Black, which was besides shot at early parts of the Sefton and North West coastline. [ 57 ] [ 58 ] On 24 April 2009 a serious ardor occurred at the oldest drawing card within New Pleasureland. Called The River Caves, it was wholly destroyed in this arson approach, and a 16-year-old boy was arrested in joining with the fire. [ 59 ] [ 60 ] Southport Model Railway Village is situated in Kings Gardens opposite the Royal Clifton Hotel and near the Marine Lake Bridge. The Model Railway Village opened in May 1996 and was created by Ray and Jean Jones. The Jones kin still run the attraction today. The Model Railway Village season extends from April to the end of October. The season has extended into weekend openings during November, February and March, upwind permit. [ 61 ] An earlier model greenwich village, the Land of the little People, was demolished in the deep 1980s to make way for the abort Winter Gardens /SIBEC shopping development. Its site is now occupied by a Morrison ‘s supermarket. early major attractions in Southport include Splash World, an indoor water park situated on the back of the Dunes swimming pool which opened in June 2007. [ 62 ] Meols Hall, [ 63 ] a manor house, home of the Hesketh class, is open to the public for a limited menstruation each year. Set in its own expansive grounds, it boasts a history back to the Domesday Book and is wax of interesting pictures and furniture. Southport besides boasts one of the few lawnmower museums. [ 64 ] The Power Station, that was the base of the town ‘s erstwhile radio station Dune FM, on the edge of Victoria Park, which itself is base to the Southport Flower Show. [ 65 ]
architecture [edit ]
Southport has many unique buildings and features, many of which are privately owned victorian villa and houses and the town center shops are of architectural concern. The most luminary buildings, gardens and places of architectural concern are :
Scarisbrick Hotel on Lord Street Rosefield Hall, one of Southport ‘s priggish mansions, while being restored in 2007
besides of architectural concern, but not extant, are :
- Cannon Cinema (Lord Street) (demolished and replaced with the Vincent Hotel that opened in 2008)
- Kingsway Night Club (demolished in 2010 following an arson attack)
- Open Air Baths (demolished 1990s, South Ocean Plaza complex now occupies the site)
- Steamport Museum (housed inside the former 27C locomotive shed, demolished in late 2000) site now occupied by Central 12 shopping complex.
- Palace Hotel, Birkdale (a large Victorian hotel, demolished in 1969)
- Southport General Infirmary (demolished in 2008–09 with only a wing of the infirmary remaining as it is being used for mental health services)
transport [edit ]
road [edit ]
Southport is the second-largest town in Britain with no direct dual-carriageway connection to the home expressway network ( after Eastbourne : 2011 census ). [ citation needed ] Due to its position by the coast, Southport is a linear settlement and as such can merely be approached in a circumscribed count of directions by road. The chief roads entering Southport are :
- A565 (from Preston to the northeast, from the A59 Liverpool – Preston – York)
- A570 (from Ormskirk and St Helens to the southeast)
- A565 (from Liverpool and Formby to the south)
The nearest expressway connections are :
- from the east – junction 3 of the M58 (on the A570, twelve miles)
- from the south – junction 7 of the M57 (on the A565, fourteen miles)
- from the north – junction 1 of the M65 / junction 29 of the M6 (on the A582/A59, nineteen miles)
An east-west beltway for the A570 at Ormskirk is planned to relieve congestion on Southport ‘s chief access route to the expressway network, although the effectiveness of the proposals are still under argue. [ 69 ] several areas within Southport town centre have recently undergo major road renovation ; the largest dodge was the construction of the Marine Way Bridge ( opened May 2004 ), which connects the Lord Street shopping district with the newly seafront developments. The 150-foot ( 46 meter ) high structure is thought to have cost in the area of £5 million. [ 70 ] besides one of the independent shopping areas in the town, Chapel Street, has undergo a pedestrianisation scheme to be similar to parts of Liverpool city center .
busbar [edit ]
due to the limited phone number of directions by road, many of the services operated in Southport are from one rate south to one stead union or east of Southport. The chief operator is Arriva North West, that operates two ( previously four ) services to Liverpool, and two to Wigan and Skelmersdale via Ormskirk, Scarisbrick and Burscough. Arriva besides operate five even, local services and one seasonal worker service ( serving Pontins to the south of the town ). There are three Park and Ride facilities – one of which is operated regularly, by Arriva, one by Cumfybus and one wholly disused. stagecoach in Preston operates a service in Southport, the X2 ( Preston – Southport – liverpool ) Cumfybus operate two regular, local services and one dedicated Park and Ride path .
vilify [edit ]
Southport railway station has a frequent overhaul of trains to Liverpool, operated by Merseyrail and a regular military service to Wigan, Bolton, Manchester and Leeds. In addition, there are stations at Birkdale, Hillside and Ainsdale on the Liverpool line, part of the Merseyrail network, and at Meols Cop on the Manchester line. The Liverpool line was primitively built by the Liverpool, Crosby and Southport Railway in 1848, to a terminal at Eastbank Street. It was followed on 9 April 1855 by the Manchester and Southport Railway with a line to Manchester via Wigan, with stations at St Luke ‘s and Blowick. once, Southport was besides served by three further railway lines :
In July 1897, both the West Lancashire and the Liverpool, Southport and Preston Junction Railways were absorbed into the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway ( L & Y ). The L & Y had a boastfully terminus at Southport Chapel Street and could see no feel in operating two end point at very close proximity. In 1901, the L & Y completed a remodelling of the approach lines to Central to allow trains to divert onto the Manchester to Southport line and into Southport Chapel Street Station. Southport Central was closed to passengers and it became a goods storehouse finally amalgamating with Chapel Street storehouse. It survived entire well into the 1970s. On Southport Pier can be found the now close Southport Pier Tramway which used to transport passengers from the Promenade to the pier head over 3,600 feet ( 1,100 megabyte ) on a 3 foot 6 in ( 1,067 millimeter ) gauge. This closed in 2016 [ 72 ] because of the effect on the pier of the weight of the trams. The Lakeside Miniature Railway passes under the pier, carrying passengers along the westerly side of the marine lake. The tune claims to be the oldest continuously running 15 in ( 381 millimeter ) gauge railway in the world. [ 73 ]
education [edit ]
There are several schools in the town. The all-girls Greenbank High School is situated future to the Royal Birkdale Golf Club, [ 74 ] and is a attest Specialist Language school. Actress Miranda Richardson was educated at the school. The male equivalent ( besides situated in Birkdale ) is the all-boys Birkdale High School, [ 75 ] which specialises in mathematics. Meols Cop High School is situated in the Blowick area of Southport and is one of the six schools in the nation written about in OfSTED ‘s School Inspections handbook of 2012. Meols Cop High School has recently [ when? ] become one of the highest achieve schools in Sefton, with 96 % of the students obtaining at least 5 GCSEs at A*-C grades. [ citation needed ] The school is oversubscribed and, in February 2016, undergo building work to expand for the increasing number of students. It is a specialist school in sports. There are respective other senior high school schools in the township, including Stanley High School, [ 76 ] which is a specialist sports school ( whose former students include comedian Lee Mack and chef Marcus Wareing ), and Christ the King High School .
independent schools [edit ]
The town ‘s last stay independent preparatory school, Sunnymede School, which was in Westcliffe Road, Birkdale closed in 2010 due to a lack of pupils. In the past the town had more autonomous schools which included Tower Dene, which was situated on Cambridge Road. This school closed in 2002 due to a similar destiny. One of the victorian houses that housed the educate has since been turned into apartments, the other is now a nursery. Kingswood College ( originally St Wyburn ‘s ) is immediately housed outside Southport at Scarisbrick Hall, but it takes many pupils from the town. Brighthelmston School ( girls ) and University School ( boys ) are long closed .
further education [edit ]
The town has two far education colleges : Southport College, situated near to the town center, and King George V College ( KGV ), located on Scarisbrick New Road in the Blowick area of the town. Courses at Southport College include Diplomas, NVQs, BTECs and Access courses. In addition, Southport College offers some higher department of education courses in conjunction with the University of Central Lancashire, Edge Hill University and Liverpool John Moores University. [ 77 ] King George V College offers both A-Level and Business And Technology Education Council ( BTEC ). It primitively opened as King George V Sixth Form College in 1979, and replaced the former King George V Grammar School for Boys, which occupied the same web site from 1926 until its destruction in stages during the 1980s as the college was in full opened. [ 78 ] In 2013, the college was the best performing state-funded college in an 18-mile radius of KGV. [ 79 ] however, by 2015 Ofsted reported that it ‘Requires improvement ‘. [ 80 ] In 2016, Ofsted again rated it ailing, [ 81 ] and a government report suggesting merging it with nearby Southport College. In the wake island of the composition, the college ‘s principal leave. The total of pupils at the college had plummeted from 1,530 in 2012 to fair 652 in 2016. The college has reasonably recovered since then, with more positive results and a higher inhalation .
Media [edit ]
Newspapers [edit ]
The township ‘s media consists of two rival newspaper groups, and two radio stations. The independently owned Champion newspaper is a free weekly newspaper, while The Mid-week Visiter and The Southport Visiter ( separate of Reach plc ‘s Sefton & West Lancs Media Mix titles ) are free and paid-for newspapers respectively. The town besides falls within the circulation areas of three regional hard copy newspapers ; The Liverpool Echo, The Liverpool Daily Post and The Lancashire Evening Post. Southport is besides covered by several local and regional magazines, like Lancashire Life. The local Ranger Service, which is character of Sefton MBC, runs a quarterly detached magazine called Coastlines. Old Southport newspapers now out of print are as follows : Independent 1861–1920s ; [ 82 ] Liverpool & Southport News 1861–1872 ; [ 82 ] Southport News ( West Lancs ) 1881–1885 ; [ 82 ] Southport Standard 1885–1899 ; [ 82 ] Southport Guardian 1882–1953 ; [ 83 ] Southport Journal 1904–1932 ; [ 83 ] Southport Star ; and Southport Advertiser. The area besides has many on-line media sites, including the UK ‘s first on-line newspaper, [ 84 ] the Southport Reporter, [ 85 ] ampere well as Internet forums and web log sites .
Broadcasting [edit ]
The town ‘s commercial radio place Dune FM closed during August 2012. Coast 107.9 was since launched and continued to broadcast on-line. Southport is covered by respective local and regional radio stations, including Sandgrounder Radio Radio City 96.7, Radio City Talk, 97.4 Rock FM, Greatest Hits Liverpool, Greatest Hits Lancashire and BBC Radio Merseyside. Mighty Radio is Southport ’ s alone local community FM radio station. Established in 2012 after the towns former place closed, local anesthetic presenters set up a new place on-line. Mighty Radio was given a trial RSL in 2012. December 2018, OFCOM awarded Mighty Radio with their FM license. Mighty have thrived within their community. Showcasing local anesthetic endowment through their presenters, they provide the town with local up to date news program from Radio News Hub hourly from 0700-1900 7 days a workweek with local headlines ‘ as and when ’ they come in. Mighty Radio are renowned [ citation needed ] for and are committed to supporting local and national charities. Mighty Radio may be found on 107.9 fermium and on-line at www.mightyradio.co.uk Southport is situated within the television regions of BBC North West and ITV ‘s Granada Television .
Sports [edit ]
Southport is home to Southport F.C. who have played at the Haig Avenue, Blowick ground since 1905. The club entered The Football League in 1921 and became a founder extremity of the Third Division North. In 1978 the cabaret was voted out of the Football League following three straight 23rd ( out of 24 ) placed finishes, and was replaced by Wigan Athletic. Southport were the stopping point club to leave the Football League through the re-election process. automatic relegation from the Fourth Division was introduced in 1986–1987. They are in the National League North, the sixth tier of English football. They were previously in the National League after winning the Conference North in 2009–2010 political campaign .
rugby [edit ]
Southport is besides home to a rugby union club, Southport Rugby Football Club, [ 86 ] who play their dwelling matches at Waterloo Road in Hillside. Southport RFC ‘s first XV presently plays in North 2 West in the Rugby Football Union Northern Division, and the club fields many sides at all senesce levels, Senior : First XV, Second XV, Third XV, veterans, Ladies, U18 Colts ; Junior : U13s to U17 Colts ; Mini : U6s to U12s . Southport Rugby Football Club actor in natural process, 2018 primitively founded as, Southport Football Club, on 29 November 1872 and is one of the oldest rugby clubs in the world. The first president of the golf club was Samuel Swire, the Mayor of Southport. In pipeline with the origins of the modern game, the club was originally composed of old populace school boys, and was formed with the purpose of improving the physical development of our young townsmen. The drive force behind the formation of the club was Dr George Coombe ( late Sir George Augustus Pilkington ) of Southport Infirmary. luminary early players include, Samuel Perry, England International, [ 87 ] Gordon Rimmer, former England International, and british Lion and * Bob Burdell, Wigan Warriors and Lancashire .
golf [edit ]
The town is probably best known for golf ; the Royal Birkdale Golf Club situated in the dunes to the south of the town is one of the venues on The Open Championship rotation and has hosted two Ryder Cups. Nearby Southport and Ainsdale Golf Club is besides a two time Ryder Cup venue and both Hillside Golf Club and Hesketh Golf Club host many major events vitamin a well as being concluding open qualify courses. many smaller links courses besides surround the town .
Kite browse [edit ]
Southport ‘s localization by the coast besides lends itself to some more specialized sporting activities – Ainsdale Beach, south of the town, is popular for kite sports, including kite-surfing .
focal ratio record [edit ]
In 1925, Henry Segrave set a earth nation accelerate record of 152.33 miles per hour ( 245.15 kilometers per hour ) on the beach, driving a Sunbeam Tiger. His association is commemorated by the name of a public theater on Lord Street .
body of water [edit ]
Marine Lake lies nestled between the town center and the sea and is used for a kind of water-sports including water-skiing, sweep and row. The lake is home to the West Lancashire Yacht Club and Southport Sailing Club, both of which organise dinghy race. The annual Southport 24 Hour Race, organised by the West Lancashire Yacht Club, is an endurance race of national stand, with an average output of 60 to 80 boats. In 2006, the consequence marked its fortieth anniversary. [ 88 ]
cycle [edit ]
The flat and scenic route alongside the beach is identical popular with cyclists, and is the start of the Trans Pennine Trail, a cycle route running across the north of the area to Selby in North Yorkshire, through Hull and on to Hornsea on the east slide. In June 2008, Cycling England announced Southport as one of the 11 new cycle towns. These 11 towns shared £47 million from the government to be spent entirely on cycling schemes in the towns. [ 89 ] Southport ‘s Cycling Towns program aims to encourage tourism and leisure motorbike, create regeneration opportunities and importantly increase bicycle to school. [ 90 ] There are nowadays many cycle lanes in Southport and more are planned, to encourage cycle in the town .
Speedway Racing [edit ]
An article in the Northern Daily Telegraph for 22 September 1929 reports that a proposed meeting at Kew Speedway had been halted due to the intervention of the Auto Cycle Union. ( ACU ) The owner of the venture was Mr Farrar. It is not known if the track was amended and if any events took place .
luminary people [edit ]
celebrated animals and entities [edit ]
See besides [edit ]
References [edit ]
far understand [edit ]
- Aughton, Peter (1988), North Meols and Southport – A History, Carnegie Press, ISBN 0-948789-17-4
- Braham, Michael; Wilde, Geoff (1995), The Sandgrounders: The Complete League History of Southport F. C., Palatine Books, ISBN 1-874181-14-4
- Brough, Harold (2006), What The Butler Saw and All That: a Pictorial History of Southport’s Historic Pier, Harold Brough, ISBN 0-9554780-0-6
- Copnall, Stephen (2005), Pleasureland Memories: A History of Southport’s Amusement Park, Skelter Publishing, ISBN 0-9544573-3-1
- Foster, Harry (1995), New Birkdale – The Growth of a Lancashire Seaside Suburb 1850–1912, Birkdale and Ainsdale Historical Research Society, ISBN 0-9510905-1-8
- Foster, Harry (2000), New Ainsdale: The Struggle of a Seaside Suburb 1850–2000, Birkdale and Ainsdale Historical Research Society, ISBN 0-9510905-5-0
- Foster, Harry (2008), Southport: A Pictorial History, Phillimore & Co. Ltd, ISBN 978-0-85033-966-6
- Gell, Rob (1986), An Illustrated Survey of Railway Stations Between Southport & Liverpool 1848–1986, Heyday Publishing Company, ISBN 0-947562-04-4
- Greenwood, Cedric (1990) , Thatch, towers and colonnades: The story of architecture in Southport, Carnegie Publishing, ISBN 0-948789-64-6
- Harding, Stephen (2002), Viking Mersey: Scandinavian Wirral, West Lancashire and Chester, Countyvise Ltd, ISBN 1-901231-34-8
- Lewis, David (2005), Southport: Stories and Landscapes, Breedon Publishing, ISBN 978-1-85983-467-1
- Smith, Philip (2009), The Sands of Time: An Introduction to the Sand Dunes of the Sefton Coast Line, Amberley Publishing, ISBN 978-1-902700-03-8
- Yorke, Barbara; Yorke, Reg (1982), “Britain’s First Lifeboat Station: Formby, 1776–1918”, Alternative Press, ISBN 0-9508155-0-0
- Trust in Yellow (2008), The Complete Non-League History of Southport Football Club 1978–2008, Legends Publishing, ISBN 978-1-906796-01-3
- Local Newspapers, holds newspaper title names from 1750 to 1920. ISBN 0-907099-46-7
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