Mark Zuckerberg – Wikipedia

american internet entrepreneur and founder of Facebook
“ Zuckerberg ” redirects here. For other people with the surname, see Zuckerberg ( surname )
Mark Elliot Zuckerberg ( ; born ( 1984-05-14 ) May 14, 1984 ) is an american english media baron, internet entrepreneur, and philanthropist. He is known for co-founding the social media web site Facebook and its rear company Meta Platforms ( once Facebook, Inc. ), of which he is the president, headman executive officer, and controlling stockholder. [ 1 ] [ 2 ]

Zuckerberg attended Harvard University, where he launched Facebook in February 2004 with his roommates Eduardo Saverin, Andrew McCollum, Dustin Moskovitz, and Chris Hughes. in the first place launched to select college campuses, the locate expanded quickly and finally beyond colleges, reaching one billion users by 2012. Zuckerberg took the party public in May 2012 with majority shares. In 2007, at age 23, he became the populace ‘s youngest self-made billionaire. As of March 2022, Zuckerberg ‘s net worth was $ 74.5 billion according to the Forbes ‘ real prison term Billionaires. Since 2008, Time magazine has named Zuckerberg among the 100 most influential people in the global as a separate of its Person of the Year award, which he was recognized with in 2010. [ 3 ] [ 4 ] [ 5 ] In December 2016, Zuckerberg was ranked tenth on Forbes tilt of The World ‘s Most mighty People. [ 6 ]

early life

Mark Elliot Zuckerberg was born in White Plains, New York, on May 14, 1984, [ 7 ] the son of psychiatrist Karen ( née Kempner ) and dentist Edward Zuckerberg. [ 8 ] He and his three sisters ( Arielle, businesswoman Randi, and writer Donna ) were raised in a Reform Jewish household [ 9 ] [ 10 ] in Dobbs Ferry, New York. [ 11 ] His great-grandparents were jewish emigrants from Austria, Germany, and Poland. [ 12 ] He attended high school at Ardsley High School before transferring to Phillips Exeter Academy. He was captain of the fence team. [ 13 ] [ 14 ] [ 15 ]

Software development

early years

Zuckerberg began using computers and writing software in middle school. In high school, he built a program that allowed all the computers between his theater and his beget ‘s alveolar consonant office to communicate with each other. [ 16 ] [ 17 ] During Zuckerberg ‘s high-school years, he worked to build a music player called the Synapse Media Player. The device used machine learning to learn the drug user ‘s listening habits, which was posted to Slashdot [ 18 ] and received a rate of 3 out of 5 from PC Magazine. [ 19 ] A New Yorker profile said of Zuckerberg : “ some kids played computer games. Mark created them. ” [ 11 ]

College years

The New Yorker noted that by the time Zuckerberg began classes at Harvard in 2002, he had already achieved a “ reputation as a program prodigy ”. He studied psychology and computer skill and belonged to Alpha Epsilon Pi and Kirkland House. [ 4 ] [ 11 ] [ 20 ] In his sophomore class, he wrote a program that he called CourseMatch, which allowed users to make class survival decisions based on the choices of other students and besides to help them form analyze groups. A short time belated, he created a unlike platform he initially called Facemash that let students select the best-looking person from a choice of photograph. Arie Hasit, Zuckerberg ‘s roommate at the time, explained :

We had books called Face Books, which included the names and pictures of everyone who lived in the scholar dorms. At first gear, he built a site and placed two pictures or pictures of two males and two females. Visitors to the site had to choose who was “ hot ” and according to the votes there would be a ranking. [ 21 ]

The site went up over a weekend, but by Monday good morning, the college shut it down, because its popularity had overwhelmed one of Harvard ‘s network switches and prevent students from accessing the Internet. In accession, many students complained that their photos were being used without permission. Zuckerberg apologized publicly, and the student newspaper ran articles stating that his site was “ wholly improper ”. [ 21 ]



The come semester, in January 2004, Zuckerberg began writing code for a newly web site. [ 23 ] On February 4, 2004, Zuckerberg launched “ Thefacebook ”, originally located at, in partnership with his roommates Eduardo Saverin, Andrew McCollum, Dustin Moskovitz, and Chris Hughes. [ 24 ] [ 25 ] [ 26 ] An earlier divine guidance for Facebook may have come from Phillips Exeter Academy, the homework school from which Zuckerberg graduated in 2002. It published its own scholar directory, “ The Photo Address Book ”, which students referred to as “ The Facebook ”. such photograph directories were an authoritative part of the scholar social have at many individual schools. With them, students were able to list attributes such as their class years, their friends, and their telephone numbers. [ 25 ] Six days after the locate launched, three Harvard seniors, Cameron Winklevoss, Tyler Winklevoss, and Divya Narendra, accused Zuckerberg of intentionally misleading them into believing he would help them build a social network called, while he was alternatively using their ideas to build a competing product. [ 27 ] The three complained to The Harvard Crimson, and the newspaper began an probe in response. While Zuckerberg tried to convince the editors not to run the report, [ 28 ] Zuckerberg broke into two of the editors ‘ e-mail accounts. He did it based on the editors ‘ secret login data logs from TheFacebook. [ 29 ] [ 30 ] Mark Zuckerberg with a laptop, facing the camera Zuckerberg in 2005 Following the official launch of the Facebook social media platform, the three filed a lawsuit against Zuckerberg that resulted in a colonization. [ 31 ] The agree colony was for 1.2 million Facebook shares and $ 20 million in cash. [ 32 ] Zuckerberg ‘s Facebook started off angstrom equitable a “ Harvard thing ” until Zuckerberg decided to spread it to other schools, enlisting the assistant of roommate Dustin Moskovitz. [ 33 ] They began with Columbia, New York University, Stanford, Dartmouth, Cornell, University of Pennsylvania, Brown, and Yale. [ 34 ] Zuckerberg dropped out of Harvard in his sophomore year in order to complete the project. [ 35 ] Zuckerberg, Moskovitz and the other co-founders moved to Palo Alto, California, where they leased a little house that served as an function. Over the summer, Zuckerberg met Peter Thiel, who invested in the company. They got their first office in mid-2004. According to Zuckerberg, the group planned to return to Harvard, but they finally decided to remain in California, where Zuckerberg appreciated the “ fabulous place ” of Silicon Valley, the center of computer technology in California. [ 36 ] [ 37 ] They had already turned down offers by major corporations to buy the caller. In an interview in 2007, Zuckerberg explained his reason : “ It ‘s not because of the sum of money. For me and my colleagues, the most significant thing is that we create an outdoors information stream for people. Having media corporations owned by conglomerates is merely not an attractive idea to me. ” [ 26 ] The like year, speak at Y Combinator ‘s Startup School path at Stanford University, Zuckerberg made a controversial affirmation that “ young people are good fresh ” and that other entrepreneurs should bias towards hiring young people. [ 38 ] He restated these goals to Wired magazine in 2010 : “ The thing I very care about is the mission, making the universe open. ” [ 39 ] Earlier, in April 2009, Zuckerberg sought the advice of former Netscape CFO Peter Currie about financing strategies for Facebook. [ 40 ] On July 21, 2010, Zuckerberg reported that the caller reached the 500-million-user chump. [ 41 ] When asked whether Facebook could earn more income from ad as a solution of its phenomenal growth, he explained :

I guess we could … If you look at how much of our page is taken up with ads compared to the average search question. The average for us is a little less than 10 percentage of the pages and the average for search is about 20 percentage taken up with ads … That ‘s the elementary thing we could do. But we are n’t like that. We make adequate money. Right, I mean, we are keeping things running ; we are growing at the rate we want to. [ 39 ]

In 2010, Steven Levy, who wrote the 1984 book Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution, wrote that Zuckerberg “ intelligibly thinks of himself as a hack “. Zuckerberg said that “ it ‘s oklahoma to break things ” “ to make them better ”. [ 42 ] [ 43 ] Facebook instituted “ hackathons “ held every six to eight weeks where participants would have one night to conceive of and complete a project. [ 42 ] The ship’s company provided music, food, and beer at the hackathons, and many Facebook staff members, including Zuckerberg, regularly attended. [ 43 ] “ The idea is that you can build something very full in a night ”, Zuckerberg told Levy. “ And that ‘s separate of the personality of Facebook immediately … It ‘s decidedly very core to my personality. ” [ 42 ] In 2007, Zuckerberg was added to MIT Technology Review ‘s TR35 list as one of the top 35 innovators in the world under the old age of 35. [ 44 ] Vanity Fair magazine named Zuckerberg number 1 on its 2010 number of the Top 100 “ most influential people of the Information Age “. [ 45 ] Zuckerberg ranked number 23 on the Vanity Fair 100 tilt in 2009. [ 46 ] In 2010, Zuckerberg was chosen as number 16 in New Statesman ‘s annual survey of the universe ‘s 50 most influential figures. [ 47 ] In a 2011 interview with PBS shortly after the death of Steve Jobs, Zuckerberg said that Jobs had advised him on how to create a management team at Facebook that was “ focused on building as high choice and good things as you are ”. [ 48 ]
Zuckerberg and Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev during their meeting at the russian leader ‘s residence outside Moscow, October 1, 2012 On October 1, 2012, Zuckerberg visited russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev in Moscow to stimulate social media invention in Russia and to boost Facebook ‘s position in the russian market. [ 49 ] Russia ‘s communications minister tweeted that Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev urged the social media giant ‘s laminitis to abandon plans to lure away russian programmers and rather consider opening a research center in Moscow. In 2012, Facebook had roughly 9 million users in Russia, while domestic clone VK had around 34 million. [ 50 ] Rebecca Van Dyck, Facebook ‘s principal of consumer selling, said that 85 million american Facebook users were exposed to the first day of the Home promotional political campaign on April 6, 2013. [ 51 ] On August 19, 2013, The Washington Post reported that Zuckerberg ‘s Facebook profile was hacked by an unemployed people web developer. [ 52 ] At the 2013 TechCrunch Disrupt conference, held in September, Zuckerberg stated that he is working towards registering the 5 billion people who were not connected to the Internet as of the league on Facebook. Zuckerberg then explained that this is intertwined with the aim of the project, whereby Facebook, with the support of early engineering companies, seeks to increase the number of people connected to the internet. [ 53 ] [ 54 ] Zuckerberg was the keynote speaker at the 2014 Mobile World Congress ( MWC ), held in Barcelona, Spain, in March 2014, which was attended by 75,000 delegates. diverse media sources highlighted the connection between Facebook ‘s concenter on mobile technology and Zuckerberg ‘s speech, stating that mobile represents the future of the company. [ 55 ] Zuckerberg ‘s language expands upon the goal that he raised at the TechCrunch league in September 2013, whereby he is working towards expanding Internet coverage into developing countries. [ 56 ] aboard other american english technology figures like Jeff Bezos and Tim Cook, Zuckerberg hosted visiting chinese politician Lu Wei, known as the “ Internet czar ” for his influence in the enforcement of China ‘s on-line policy, at Facebook ‘s headquarters on December 8, 2014. The meet occurred after Zuckerberg participated in a Q & A seance at Tsinghua University in Beijing, China, on October 23, 2014, where he attempted to converse in Mandarin Chinese ; although Facebook is banned in China, Zuckerberg is highly regarded among the people and was at the university to help fuel the nation ‘s burgeoning entrepreneur sector. [ 57 ] Zuckerberg fielded questions during a survive Q & A session at the company ‘s headquarters in Menlo Park on December 11, 2014. The founder and CEO explained that he does not believe Facebook is a neutralize of time, because it facilitates social engagement, and participating in a populace school term was thus that he could “ learn how to better serve the community ”. [ 58 ] [ 59 ] Zuckerberg receives a one-dollar wage as CEO of Facebook. [ 60 ] In June 2016, Business Insider named Zuckerberg one of the “ peak 10 Business Visionaries Creating Value for the World ” along with Elon Musk and Sal Khan, due to the fact that he and his wife “ pledged to give away 99 % of their wealth—which is estimated at $ 55.0 billion. ” [ 61 ] On May 25, 2017, at Harvard ‘s 366th commencement Day, Zuckerberg, after giving a commencement actor’s line, [ 62 ] received an honorary degree from Harvard. [ 63 ] [ 64 ] In January 2019, Zuckerberg laid plans to integrate an end-to-end code organization for three major social media platforms, including Facebook, Instagram and WhatsApp. [ 65 ] On August 14, 2020, Facebook integrated the chat systems for Instagram and Messenger on both io and Android devices. The update encouraged cross-communication between Instagram and Facebook users. [ 66 ]

other projects

A month after Zuckerberg launched Facebook in February 2004, i2hub, another campus-only avail, created by Wayne Chang, was launched. i2hub focused on peer-to-peer file sharing. At the clock, both i2hub and Facebook were gaining the attention of the imperativeness and growing quickly in users and promotion. In August 2004, Zuckerberg, Andrew McCollum, Adam D’Angelo, and Sean Parker launched a competing peer-to-peer file sharing service called Wirehog, a precursor to Facebook Platform applications, which launched in 2007. [ 67 ] [ 68 ] [ 69 ] In 2013, Zuckerberg launched, which he described as an enterprise to provide Internet access to the five billion people without it as of the launch date. The plan faced significant opposition in India, where activists said its limited internet ran counter to the rationale of net neutrality ; Zuckerberg responded that a limited internet was better than no internet. was shut down in India in February 2016, although Zuckerberg later met with Narendra Modi to discuss farther possibilities. [ 70 ] [ 71 ] Zuckerberg is a board penis of the solar sweep spacecraft development stick out Breakthrough Starshot, which he co-founded in 2016. [ 72 ]

Controversies and lawsuits

ConnectU lawsuits

Harvard students Cameron Winklevoss, Tyler Winklevoss, and Divya Narendra accused Zuckerberg of intentionally making them believe he would help them build a social network called ( later called ConnectU ). [ 73 ] They filed a lawsuit in 2004 ; it was dismissed on a technicality on March 28, 2007. It was refiled soon thereafter in federal court in Boston. Facebook countersued in regards to Social Butterfly, a project put out by The Winklevoss Chang Group, an alleged partnership between ConnectU and i2hub. On June 25, 2008, the sheath settled and Facebook agreed to transfer over 1.2 million coarse shares and pay $ 20 million in cash. [ 74 ] In November 2007, confidential court documents were posted on the web site of 02138, a magazine that catered to Harvard alumni. They included Zuckerberg ‘s Social Security total, his parents ‘ base address, and his girlfriend ‘s cover. Facebook filed to have the documents removed ; the evaluate ruled in privilege of 02138. [ 75 ]

Eduardo Saverin

In 2005, Facebook co-founder Eduardo Saverin filed a lawsuit against Zuckerberg and Facebook, alleging that Zuckerberg had illegally spent Saverin ‘s money on personal expenses. The lawsuit was settled out of woo, though terms of the colony were sealed, the company affirmed Saverin ‘s title as co-founder of Facebook, and Saverin agreed to stop talking to the press. [ 76 ] [ 77 ]

Pakistan criminal investigation

In June 2010, Pakistani Deputy Attorney General Muhammad Azhar Sidiqque launched a criminal probe into Zuckerberg and Facebook co-founders Dustin Moskovitz and Chris Hughes after a “ Draw Muhammad “ contest was hosted on Facebook. The probe named the anonymous german womanhood who created the contest. Sidiqque asked the area ‘s patrol to contact Interpol to have Zuckerberg and the three others arrested for profanation. On May 19, 2010, Facebook ‘s web site was temporarily blocked in Pakistan until Facebook removed the contest from its web site at the end of May. Sidiqque besides asked its UN representative to raise the issue with the United Nations General Assembly. [ 78 ] [ 79 ]

Paul Ceglia

In June 2010, Paul Ceglia, the owner of a wood shot fuel company in Allegany County, upstate New York, filed suit against Zuckerberg, claiming 84 percentage ownership of Facebook and seeking monetary damages. According to Ceglia, he and Zuckerberg signed a condense on April 28, 2003, that an initial fee of $ 1,000 entitled Ceglia to 50 % of the web site ‘s gross, american samoa well as an extra 1 % interest in the business per day after January 1, 2004, until web site completion. Zuckerberg was developing other projects at the time, among which was Facemash, the predecessor of Facebook, but did not register the world name until January 1, 2004. Facebook management dismissed the lawsuit as “ wholly frivolous ”. Facebook spokesman Barry Schnitt told a reporter that Ceglia ‘s rede had unsuccessfully sought an out-of-court settlement. [ 80 ] [ 81 ] On October 26, 2012, federal authorities arrested Ceglia, charging him with chain mail and wire imposter and of “ tampering with, destroying and fabricating evidence in a scheme to defraud the Facebook founder of billions of dollars. ” Ceglia is accused of fabricating emails to make it appear that he and Zuckerberg discussed details about an early version of Facebook, although after examining their emails, investigators found there was no mention of Facebook in them. [ 82 ] Some law firms withdrew from the font before it was initiated and others after Ceglia ‘s apprehension. [ 83 ] [ 84 ]

hawaiian land ownership

In January 2017, Zuckerberg filed eight “ calm championship and partition “ lawsuits against hundreds of native Hawaiians to claim small tracts of down which they own. This land is contained within the 700 acres of estate in the hawaiian island of Kauai that Zuckerberg had purchased in 2014. University of Hawaii law professor Kapua Sproat stated that Zuckerberg ‘s lawsuits was “ the confront of neocolonialism ”. [ 85 ] Zuckerberg responded to criticisms in a Facebook post, stating that the lawsuits were a well religion campaign to pay the fond owners of the bring their “ carnival share ”. [ 85 ] When he learned that hawaiian state possession jurisprudence differs from that of the other 49 states, he dropped the lawsuits. Zuckerberg stated that he regretted not taking the fourth dimension to understand the summons and its history before moving ahead. [ 86 ] [ 87 ]

testimony before U.S. Congress

On April 10 and 11, 2018, Zuckerberg began testifying before the United States Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation regarding the custom of personal data by Facebook in sexual intercourse to the Facebook–Cambridge Analytica data gap. [ 88 ] He has called the whole affair a breach of reliance between Aleksandr Kogan, Cambridge Analytica, and Facebook. [ 89 ] Zuckerberg has refused requests to appear to give attest on the matter to a Parliamentary committee in the United Kingdom. [ 90 ] On October 1, 2020, the US Senate Commerce Committee unanimously voted to issue subpoenas to the CEOs of three top technical school firms, including Zuckerberg, Google ’ s Sundar Pichai and Twitter ‘s Jack Dorsey. The subpoena aimed to force the CEOs to testify about the legal exemption the law affords technical school platforms under Section 230 of the Communications Act of 1934. US Republicans argued that the jurisprudence unduly protected social media companies against allegations of anti-conservative censoring. [ 91 ]

In March 2021, it was announced that Zuckerberg would testify before Congress again on March 26, when he will be questioned about the character that Facebook played in the January 6, 2021 attack on the US Capitol Building. [ 92 ]

Depictions in media

The Social Network

A movie based on Zuckerberg and the initiation years of Facebook, The Social Network was released on October 1, 2010, starring Jesse Eisenberg as Zuckerberg. After Zuckerberg was told about the film, he responded, “ I barely wished that cipher made a movie of me while I was inactive alive. ” [ 93 ] besides, after the film ‘s script was leaked on the Internet and it was apparent that the film would not portray Zuckerberg in a wholly positive light, he stated that he wanted to establish himself as a “ thoroughly guy ”. [ 94 ] The movie is based on the reserve The Accidental Billionaires by Ben Mezrich, which the book ‘s publicist once described as “ adult juicy playfulness ” quite than “ coverage ”. [ 95 ] The film ‘s screenwriter Aaron Sorkin told New York cartridge holder, “ I do n’t want my fidelity to be the truth ; I want it to be storytelling ”, adding, “ What is the big deal about accuracy strictly for accuracy ‘s sake, and can we not have the true be the enemy of the good ? ” [ 96 ] Upon winning the Golden Globe Award for Best picture on January 16, 2011, producer Scott Rudin thanked Facebook and Zuckerberg “ for his willingness to allow us to use his liveliness and work as a metaphor through which to tell a history about communication and the way we relate to each early. ” [ 97 ] Sorkin, who won for Best Screenplay, retracted some of the impressions given in his script : [ 98 ]

I wanted to say to Mark Zuckerberg tonight, if you’re watching, Rooney Mara’s character makes a prediction at the beginning of the movie. She was wrong. You turned out to be a great entrepreneur, a visionary, and an incredible altruist.

On January 29, 2011, Zuckerberg made a storm guest appearance on Saturday Night Live, which was hosted by Jesse Eisenberg. They both said it was the first time they had met. [ 99 ] Eisenberg asked Zuckerberg, who had been critical of his depicting by the film, what he thought of the movie. Zuckerberg replied, “ It was interesting. ” [ 100 ] In a subsequent interview about their meeting, Eisenberg explained that he was “ nervous to meet him, because I had spent nowadays, a year and a half thinking about him … ” He added, “ Mark has been thus courteous about something that ‘s in truth so uncomfortable … The fact that he would do SNL and make fun of the situation is indeed sweetness and so generous. It ‘s the best possible manner to handle something that, I think, could otherwise be very uncomfortable. ” [ 101 ] [ 102 ]

Disputed accuracy

According to David Kirkpatrick, erstwhile engineering editor program at Fortune magazine and writer of The Facebook Effect: The Inside Story of the Company That Is Connecting the World, ( 2011 ), [ 103 ] “ the film is only “ 40 % true … he is not supercilious and sarcastic in a barbarous way, the way Zuckerberg is played in the movie. ” He says that “ a fortune of the actual incidents are accurate, but many are distorted and the overall impression is false ”, and concludes that chiefly “ his motivations were to try and come up with a new way to plowshare information on the Internet ”. [ 104 ] Although the film portrayed Zuckerberg ‘s initiation of Facebook in order to elevate his stature after not getting into any of the elite final clubs at Harvard, Zuckerberg said he had no interest in joining the clubs. [ 11 ] Kirkpatrick agreed that the mental picture implied by the film is “ fake ”. Karel Baloun, a former senior engineer at Facebook, noted that the “ image of Zuckerberg as a socially feckless nerd is overstated … It is fabrication … ” He likewise dismissed the film ‘s assertion that he “ would measuredly betray a acquaintance. ” [ 104 ]

other depictions

Zuckerberg voiced himself on an episode of The Simpsons titled “ Loan-a Lisa “, which first aired on October 3, 2010. In the episode, Lisa Simpson and her acquaintance Nelson find Zuckerberg at an entrepreneur ‘ convention. Zuckerberg tells Lisa that she does not need to graduate from college to be wildly successful, referencing Bill Gates and Richard Branson as examples. [ 105 ] On October 9, 2010, Saturday Night Live lampooned Zuckerberg and Facebook. [ 106 ] Andy Samberg played Zuckerberg. The substantial Zuckerberg was reported to have been amused : “ I thought this was funny. ” [ 107 ] Stephen Colbert awarded a “ Medal of Fear ” to Zuckerberg at the Rally to Restore Sanity and/or Fear on October 30, 2010, “ because he values his privacy a lot more than he values yours ”. [ 108 ] Zuckerberg appears in the culminate of the documentary film Terms and Conditions May Apply. [ 109 ] [ 110 ] [ 111 ] Zuckerberg was parodied in the South Park episode “ Franchise Prequel “. [ 112 ] On December 7, 2018, Epic Rap Battles of History released a rap conflict video between Zuckerberg and Elon Musk. [ 113 ]

Philanthropy and Chan Zuckerberg Initiative

Zuckerberg and his wife Priscilla Chan in May 2013 Zuckerberg founded the Start-up : education foundation. [ 114 ] [ 115 ] On September 22, 2010, it was reported that Zuckerberg had donated $ 100 million to Newark Public Schools, the public educate system of Newark, New Jersey. [ 116 ] [ 117 ] Critics noted the time of the contribution as being close to the release of The Social Network, which painted a slightly veto portrait of Zuckerberg. [ 118 ] Zuckerberg responded to the criticism, saying, “ The thing that I was most sensible about with the movie time was, I did n’t want the weigh about The Social Network movie to get conflated with the Newark project. I was thinking about doing this anonymously just so that the two things could be kept separate. ” [ 119 ] Newark Mayor Cory Booker stated that he and New Jersey Governor Chris Christie had to convince Zuckerberg ‘s team not to make the contribution anonymously. [ 119 ] The money was largely wasted, according to diarist Dale Russakoff. [ 120 ] [ 121 ] In 2010, Zuckerberg, Bill Gates, and investor Warren Buffett signed “ The Giving Pledge “, in which they said they would donate to charity at least half of their wealth over the course of time, and invited others among the affluent to donate 50 percentage or more of their wealth to charity. [ 122 ] In December 2012, Zuckerberg and his wife Priscilla Chan said that over the course of their lives they would give the majority of their wealth to “ advancing human electric potential and promoting equality ” in the intent of The Giving Pledge. [ 123 ] [ 124 ] On December 19, 2013, Zuckerberg announced a contribution of 18 million Facebook shares to the Silicon Valley Community Foundation, to be executed by the end of the month—based on Facebook ‘s evaluation as of then, the shares totaled $ 990 million in respect. On December 31, 2013, the contribution was recognized as the largest charitable gift on populace phonograph record for 2013. [ 125 ] The Chronicle of Philanthropy placed Zuckerberg and his wife at the top of the magazine ‘s annual list of 50 most generous Americans for 2013, having donated approximately $ 1 billion to charity. [ 126 ] In October 2014, Zuckerberg and Chan donated US $ 25 million to combat the Ebola virus disease, specifically the West african Ebola virus epidemic. [ 127 ] [ 128 ] On December 1, 2015, Zuckerberg and Chan pledged to transfer 99 % of their Facebook shares, then valued at US $ 45 billion, to the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative. [ 129 ] The funds would not be transferred immediately, but over the course of their lives. [ 130 ] [ 131 ] alternatively of forming a charitable pot to donate the value of the stock to, as Bill Gates, Warren Buffett, Larry Page, Sergey Brin and early billionaires have done, Zuckerberg and Chan chose to use the structure of a specify liability company ( LLC ). Some journalists and academics have said the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative conducts philanthrocapitalism. [ 132 ] [ 133 ] [ 134 ] [ 135 ] In 2016, the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative gave $ 600 million to create the tax-exempt charity Chan Zuckerberg Biohub, a collaborative research space in San Francisco ‘s Mission Bay District near the University of California, San Francisco, with the purpose to foster interaction and collaboration between scientists at UCSF, University of California, Berkeley, and Stanford University. Intellectual property generated would be jointly owned by Biohub and the inventor ‘s home initiation. Unlike foundations like the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation which open up all inquiry funded to unrestricted access and recycle by the public, Biohub retained the right to commercialize any research it funds. Inventors will have the option of making their discoveries open-source, with license from Biohub. [ 136 ] [ 137 ] [ 138 ] To increase access to scientific research and promote open skill, CZ Biohub requires its investigators and staff scientists to publish submitted manuscripts and related data on preprints servers like bioRxiv. [ 139 ] [ 140 ] Amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, Zuckerberg donated $ 25 million to a Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation -backed accelerator that is searching for treatments for the disease. [ 141 ] He besides announced $ 25 million in grants to support local journalism that was impacted by the pandemic and $ 75 million in ad purchases in local anesthetic newspapers by Facebook, Inc., where Facebook would market itself. [ 142 ]


Zuckerberg with President Barack Obama before a private meet between Obama and technology business leaders in February 2011 In 2002, Zuckerberg registered to vote in Westchester County, New York, where he grew up, but did not cast a ballot until November 2008. Santa Clara County Registrar of Voters Spokeswoman, Elma Rosas, told Bloomberg that Zuckerberg is listed as “ no preference ” on voter rolls, and he voted in at least two of the past three general elections, in 2008 and 2012. [ 143 ] [ 144 ] Zuckerberg has never revealed his own political affiliation or voting history : some news outlets consider him to be a cautious, [ 145 ] while others consider him liberal. [ 146 ] On February 13, 2013, Zuckerberg hosted his beginning ever fundraising consequence for New Jersey Governor Chris Christie. Zuckerberg ‘s particular interest on this occasion was education reform, and Christie ‘s education reform work focused on teachers unions and the expansion of charter schools. [ 147 ] [ 148 ] Later that year, Zuckerberg hosted a campaign fundraiser for Newark mayor Cory Booker, who was running in the 2013 New Jersey special Senate election. [ 149 ] In September 2010, with the support of Governor Chris Christie, Booker obtained a US $ 100 million pledge from Zuckerberg to Newark Public Schools. [ 150 ] In December 2012, Zuckerberg donated 18 million shares to the Silicon Valley Community Foundation, a community arrangement that includes department of education in its list of grant-making areas. [ 151 ] [ 152 ]
On April 11, 2013, Zuckerberg led the launching of a 501 ( c ) ( 4 ) lobby group called The founders and contributors to the group were primarily Silicon Valley entrepreneurs and investors, and its president was Joe Green, a close friend of Zuckerberg. [ 153 ] [ 154 ] [ 155 ] [ 156 ] The goals of the group include immigration reform, improving the state of education in the United States, and enabling more technical discovery that benefit the public, [ 157 ] [ 158 ] even it has besides been criticized for finance ads advocating a variety of oil and gas growth initiatives, including bore in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge and the Keystone XL pipeline. [ 159 ] In 2013, numerous free and progressive groups, such as The League of Conservation Voters,, the Sierra Club, Democracy for America, CREDO, Daily Kos,, and Presente and Progressives United agreed to either pull their Facebook ad buys or not buy Facebook ads for at least two weeks, in protest of Zuckerberg ads funded by that were in support of oil bore and the Keystone XL grapevine, and in resistance to Obamacare among Republican United States senators who back immigration reform. [ clarification needed ] [ 160 ] A media report on June 20, 2013, revealed that Zuckerberg actively engaged with Facebook users on his own profile page after the on-line publication of a video. In response to a claim that the organization is “ precisely about technical school wanting to hire more people ”, the Internet entrepreneur replied : “ The bigger problem we ‘re trying to address is ensuring the 11 million undocumented folks living in this area now and similar folks in the future are treated fairly. ” [ 161 ] In June 2013, Zuckerberg joined Facebook employees in a company ice-cream soda as separate of the annual San Francisco Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Pride Celebration. The ship’s company first gear participated in the event in 2011, with 70 employees, and this phone number increased to 700 for the 2013 march. The 2013 pride celebration was particularly significant, as it followed a U.S. Supreme Court rule that deemed the Defense of Marriage Act ( DOMA ) unconstitutional. [ 162 ] [ 163 ]
Zuckerberg with U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry in June 2016 When questioned about the mid-2013 PRISM scandal at the TechCrunch Disrupt league in September 2013, Zuckerberg stated that the U.S. politics “ blew it ”. He far explained that the government performed ailing in regard to the protective covering of the freedoms of its citizens, the economy, and companies. [ 53 ] Zuckerberg placed a argument on his Facebook wall on December 9, 2015, which said that he wants “ to add my voice in support of Muslims in our residential district and around the global ” in reply to the consequence of the November 2015 Paris attacks and the 2015 San Bernardino attack. [ 164 ] [ 165 ] [ 166 ] [ 167 ] The statement besides said that Muslims are “ always welcome ” on Facebook, and that his placement was a solution of the fact that “ as a Jew, my parents taught me that we must stand up against attacks on all communities. ” [ 168 ] [ 169 ]
Zuckerberg with President Donald Trump at the White House in September 2019 On February 24, 2016, Zuckerberg sent out a company-wide inner memo to employees formally rebuking employees who had crossed out handwritten “ Black Lives Matter “ phrases on the company walls and had written “ All Lives Matter ” in their place. Facebook allows employees to free-write thoughts and phrases on company walls. The memo was then leaked by respective employees. As Zuckerberg had previously condemned this commit at previous party meetings, and other alike requests had been issued by other leaders at Facebook, Zuckerberg wrote in the memo that he would now consider this overwrite practice not only disrespectful, but “ malicious equally well. ” According to Zuckerberg ‘s memo, “ Black Lives Matter does n’t mean early lives do n’t – it ‘s merely asking that the black community besides achieves the judge they deserve. ” The memo besides noted that the act of crossing something out in itself, “ means silencing speech, or that one person ‘s speech is more authoritative than another ‘s. ” Zuckerberg besides said in the memo that he would be launching investigations into the incidents. [ 170 ] [ 171 ] [ 172 ] New York ‘s Daily News interviewed Facebook employees who commented anonymously that, “ Zuckerberg was truly angry about the incident and it actually encouraged staff that Zuckerberg showed a clear agreement of why the phrase ‘Black Lives Matter ‘ must exist, american samoa well as why writing through it is a form of harassment and expunction. ” [ 170 ] In January 2017, Zuckerberg criticized Donald Trump ‘s administrator orderliness to badly limit immigrants and refugees from some countries. [ 173 ] Zuckerberg has funded a state-level ballot enterprise for the 2020 general election that would raise taxes by altering California ‘s proposition 13 to require the tax judgment of commercial and industrial properties in the state at marketplace rate. [ 174 ]

personal liveliness

Zuckerberg met his future wife, fellow Harvard scholar Priscilla Chan, at a fraternity party during his sophomore class there. They began dating in 2003. [ 175 ] [ 176 ] In September 2010, Chan, who was by then a aesculapian student at the University of California, San Francisco, [ 177 ] moved into Zuckerberg ‘s rented sign of the zodiac in Palo Alto, California. [ 178 ] [ 179 ] On May 19, 2012, they married in his backyard in an event that besides celebrated her graduation from checkup school. [ 180 ] [ 181 ] [ 182 ] On July 31, 2015, Zuckerberg revealed that they were expecting a child daughter and that Chan had previously experienced three miscarriages. [ 183 ] Their daughter, Maxima Chan Zuckerberg, was born on December 1, 2015. [ 184 ] [ 185 ] They announced in a chinese New Year video that their daughter ‘s chinese identify is Chen Mingyu ( taiwanese : 陈明宇 ). [ 186 ] Their second daughter, August, was born in August 2017. [ 187 ] The couple besides have a Puli cad named Beast, [ 188 ] who has over two million followers on Facebook. [ 189 ] Raised as a Reform Jew, Zuckerberg later identified as an atheist, but in 2016 said, “ I was raised jewish and then I went through a period where I questioned things, but nowadays I believe religion is very crucial. ” [ 13 ] [ 190 ] [ 191 ]

See besides


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