The German Football Association ( german : Deutscher Fußball-Bund [ ˈdɔʏtʃɐ ˈfuːsbalˌbʊnt ] ; DFB [ ˌdeːʔɛfˈbeː ] ) is the governing body of football in Germany. A initiation member of both FIFA and UEFA, the DFB has legal power for the german football league arrangement and is in charge of the men ‘s and women ‘s national teams. The DFB headquarters are in Frankfurt am Main. Sole members of the DFB are the german Football League ( german : Deutsche Fußball Liga ; DFL ), organising the professional Bundesliga and the 2. Bundesliga, along with five regional and 21 state associations, organising the semi-professional and amateur levels. The 21 express associations of the DFB have a combine number of more than 25,000 clubs with more than 6.8 million members, making the DFB the single largest sports federation in the universe .
history [edit ]
First logo of the DFB from 1900 to 1926 commemorative brass in Leipzig where the DFB was founded in 1900.
individual logo from 1911 logo from 1926 to 1995 logo from 1995 to 2003 logo from 2003 to 2008 Logo since 2008
1875 to 1900 [edit ]
From 1875 to the mid-1880s, the first gear kind of football played in Germany was according to rugby rules. former, association-style football teams formed branch clubs, and since 1890, they began to organise on regional and national levels .
1900 to 1933 [edit ]
The DFB ( Deutscher Fußball-Bund ) was founded on 28 January 1900 in Leipzig by representatives of 86 clubs. The vote held to establish the association was 62:22 in favor ( 84 votes ). Some delegates award represented more than one club, but may have voted only once. other delegates present did not carry their golf club ‘s authority to cast a vote. Ferdinand Hueppe, the representative of DFC Prague, was named its first president of the united states. [ 1 ] The DFB consolidated the large issue of state-based german regional competitions in play for a single recognized national title for the season 1902/03. Germans were not present in Paris when FIFA was founded by seven nations in May 1904, but by the time the FIFA statutes came into effect on 1 September, Germany had besides joined by telegram as the eighth nation. The german national team played its foremost plot in 1908. Before 1914, the german Empire was much larger than nowadays ‘s Germany, comprising Alsace-Lorraine and the eastern provinces. The borders of the regional associations were drawn according to desirable railroad track connections. besides, teams based in Bohemia, then part of Austria-Hungary, were eligible, as they were german Football clubs and therefore considered german. frankincense, a german team from Prague was runner-up in the german championship. On the other handwriting, clubs of the danish minority in Northern Schleswig refused to join the DFB. This area after World War I voted to join Denmark. Due to border changes imposed by the Treaty of Versailles, the DFB had to adapt its structure. The Saarland, Danzig, and the Memelland were detached from Germany and East Prussia was cut off from the main partially by the polish Corridor .
1933 to 1945 [edit ]
The character of DFB and its representatives like Felix Linnemann under Nazi Germany was documented in 100 Jahre DFB and by Nils Havemann in Fußball unterm Hakenkreuz. [ 2 ] According to Gleichschaltung policy, the DFB, with its large membership from all political sides, and solid regional structures compared to weak national ones, submitted to new rulers and new Gau structures. On a short general meet on 9 July 1933 in Berlin, the DFB did so, at least formally. late, the Hitler salute was made compulsory ; Marxists and Jews were expelled. The records of german Jews were erased from the DFD ‘s records, such as those of Gottfried Fuchs who had scored a global record ten-spot goals for Germany in a 16–0 gain against Russia at the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm, becoming the top scorekeeper of the tournament and setting an international record. [ 3 ] [ 4 ] [ 5 ] [ 6 ] [ 7 ] [ 8 ] [ 9 ] When, in 1972, german early musician and national team coach Sepp Herberger asked the German Football Association frailty president Hermann Neuberger to invite Fuchs as a guest or a guest of honor to an international against Russia on the sixtieth anniversary of Fuchs ‘ performance for the german team, the DFB Executive Committee declined to do so, writing that it was n’t willing to invite Fuchs because it would have created an inauspicious precedent ( as was pointed out, given that Fuchs was the last stay erstwhile jewish German international, the DFB ‘s refer about creating a precedent was a difficult one to understand ). [ 9 ] [ 10 ] As of 2016, Fuchs was still the top german scorer for one pit. [ 7 ] A modern organization, Deutscher Reichsbund für Leibesübungen ( German Reich League for Physical Exercise ), was established and Linnemann was appointed leader of its Fachamt Fußball ( Football section ), which took over the operational affairs, whereas the DFB lost most of its duties until it was formally dissolved in 1940. On the pitch, Germany had done well in 1934, but after a 0–2 personnel casualty to Norway in the quarter finals of the 1936 Summer Olympics, with Adolf Hitler attend, the DFB and football fell from grace. Reichsjugendführer Baldur von Schirach and the Hitler Youth took over youth football ( under 16 ) from the clubs following a deal with Reichssportführer Hans von Tschammer und Osten, who had been in charge of all sports in Germany since 1933, making DFB officials even more powerless. Germany had made a invite to host the 1938 World Cup, but it was withdrawn without gossip. Following the Anschluss in March 1938 that made Austria part of Germany, the Austrian Football Association became part of the german federation. New coach Sepp Herberger was told on short notice to use besides austrian players in his team, which was eliminated in the inaugural polish of the World Cup, weakening the situation of football within the national socialist politics to near meaninglessness. Four Germans ( Hans Jakob, Albin Kitzinger, Ludwig Goldbrunner, and Ernst Lehner ) represented West Europe in a FIFA friendly on 20 June 1937 in Amsterdam, and another two ( Kitzinger again and Anderl Kupfer ) represented a FIFA continental team on 26 October 1938 in London, England. During the war, Germany played international games until 1942 .
1945 to 1963 [edit ]
In the consequence of World War II, german organisations were disbanded by the allies. FIFA decided in November 1945 to ban the no longer existing DFB ( and Japan ‘s football association ) from external competition, while the austrian affiliation was re-founded. Internationally, Germans were inactive represented, with Zürich -based Ivo Schricker serving as General Secretary of FIFA from 1932 to December 1950. In 1948, Switzerland requested FIFA to lift the ban on games against Germans, but this was denied. swiss clubs act german clubs anyhow, but had to cease doing so due to international protests. This was alone changed in 1949 when The Football Association requested FIFA to lift the ban on clubhouse games. FIFA did so on 7 May 1949, two weeks before the Federal Republic of Germany was founded, therefore games required permission by the military governments of the clock time. due to partition into respective occupation zones, and states, the DFB was legally re-founded in Stuttgart on 21 January 1950 entirely by the west german regional associations, without the Saarland Football Association in the french concern Saarland, which on 12 June 1950 would be recognized by FIFA as the inaugural of three german FAs after the war. At the FIFA congress held on 22 June prior to the 1950 FIFA World Cup in Brazil, the Swiss Football Association requested that the DFB be reinstated with full moon FIFA membership, which was granted on 22 September 1950 [ 11 ] in Brussels. Thus, Germany was excluded from the 1950 FIFA World Cup and could resume international games only in late 1950. In the early years of the division of Germany, West Germany claimed exclusive mandate of all of Germany. Unlike the IOC, which granted only probationary recognition to the East Germans in 1955, demanding they participate in an All-German Olympic team ( United Team of Germany ), FIFA in full recognized the east German Football Association in 1952. Winning the 1954 World Cup was a major success for the DFB, and the popularity of the sport in Germany. The teams of the DFB and the Saarland were squared off in the qualifiers for the 1954 World Cup before the Saarland and its FA was permitted to rejoin Germany and the DFB in 1956 .
1963 to present [edit ]
due to that success, and due to regional associations fearing to lose influence, the old amateurish structure, in which five regional leagues represented the top level, remained in effect longer than in many other countries, evening though a Reichsliga had been proposed decades ago. besides, professionalism was rejected, and players who played abroad were considered “ mercenaries ” and not capped. The conservative position changed lone after disappointing results in the 1962 FIFA World Cup when officials like the 75-year-old Peco Bauwens retired. According to the proposals of Hermann Neuberger, the DFB ultimately introduced a single countrywide master league, the Bundesliga, for the 1963–64 season. The DFB has hosted the World Cup in 1974 and 2006. Germany besides hosted the 1988 european Championship. Upon reunion in 1990, the east german Deutscher Fußball-Verband five hundred DDR ( DFV ) was absorbed into the DFB. The national team won the World Cup for a second time in 1974, a third time in 1990, and a fourth in the 2014 FIFA World Cup. besides, they were crowned european champions three times, in 1972, in 1980 and in 1996. On top, the Mannschaft were runner-up in the 1966, 1982, 1986 and 2002 World Cups and in 1976, 1992 and 2008 european Championships. The DFB has besides overseen the arise of Germany as a world baron in women ‘s football. The home team has won World Cups in 2003 and 2007 —the latter without conceding a goal in the final tournament, making them the only World Cup champions for men or women to do so. furthermore, the women ‘s national team ‘s victory in 2003 made Germany the entirely nation to have won both the Men ‘s and Women ‘s World Cups. They have besides won eight UEFA Women ‘s Championships, including the last six in sequence. In 1990, mere months before reunion became official, the DFB founded the women ‘s Bundesliga ( Frauen-Bundesliga ), directly modelled after the men ‘s Bundesliga. initially, it was played in union and confederacy divisions but became a individual league in 1997. Bundesliga teams have enjoyed more success in the UEFA Women ‘s Champions League than those from any other nation ; four different clubs have won a total of seven titles, with the most recent being 2015 champions 1. FFC Frankfurt. Since 2005, in memory of former German-Jewish exceeding international football player Julius Hirsch who was killed in Auschwitz concentration clique during the Holocaust, the german Football Federation awards the “ Julius-Hirsch-Preis “ for outstanding examples of integration and allowance within german football. [ 12 ] [ 13 ] In 2018, Germany was chosen to host UEFA Euro 2024. [ 14 ]
Critics [edit ]
dagger with an maltreatment of DFB by fans, 2020 The independent criticis of the DFB are the lack of foil and the commercialization of football, which has been powerfully promoted by DFB officials. christian Prechtl, from the fan organization FC PlayFair! mentioned, that the growing unpopularity of the men ‘s national team is “ just a perfect exemplar of what can happen when you have the fans out of view ”. [ 15 ] [ 16 ]
structure [edit ]
Members [edit ]
direct members of the DFB are only its five regional associations and its 21 state associations, along with the german Football League, whereas the clubs participating in the german football league system are members of the express associations covering their district. today, more than 25,000 clubs are organised in those state associations, fielding closely 170,000 teams with over two million active players and totalling over six million members, the largest membership of any single sports federation in the world. The Association governs 870,000 female members and 8,600 female teams .
regional and state associations [edit ]
DFB, its five regional and 21 state associations 100 year commemorative stamp from 2000
Read more: Why Does Facebook Keep Logging Me Out?
The DFB is organised into five regional associations, which themselves are sub-divided into 21 state associations. These associations typically have their boundaries run along the borders of the german states, with the exception of some states ( North Rhine-Westphalia, Rhineland-Palatinate, and Baden-Württemberg ) having up to three state associations covering different areas of such department of state .
Southern Germany [edit ]
The southern German Football Association ( german : Süddeutscher Fußball-Verband; SFV ) covers the states of Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria and Hesse. The SFV, formed on 17 October 1897 under the name of Verband Süddeutscher Fußball-Vereine, in the first place administered the southern German football backing, until it was dissolved by the Nazis in 1933. Reformed in the american occupation zone after the second World War, it operated the Oberliga Süd, the regional class of the former discerp level german Oberliga until the introduction of the Bundesliga in 1963. Since the 2012–13 season, the SFV, except its member bavarian FA, along with the Football Association of the Southwest is in charge of the Regionalliga Südwest, a gradation 4 division in the german football league organization. The SFV itself is formed by the follow state associations : [ 17 ]
Southwestern Germany [edit ]
The Southwestern Regional Football Association ( german : Fußball-Regional-Verband Südwest; FRVS ) covers the states Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland and was formed after the second World War in the french occupation zone in Germany. Its highest league until the insertion of the Bundesliga in 1963 was the Oberliga Südwest, the regional division of the early snip level german Oberliga. Since the 2012–13 season, the FRVS, along with the Southern German football association is in charge of Regionalliga Südwest, a footstep 4 division in the german football league system. additionally, the FRVS administrates the Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz/Saar, a step 5 division. The FRVS itself is formed by the follow express associations : [ 18 ]
Western Germany [edit ]
The western German Football Association ( german : Westdeutscher Fußballverband; WDFV ) covers the state of north Rhine-Westphalia. The association was known as WFLV from 2002 to 2016 and used to administer the western German football championship until 1933. From 1947 to 1963, its highest league was the Oberliga West, the regional division of the former snip tied german Oberliga. Since the 2008–09 season, the WDFV is in charge of the Regionalliga West, a step 4 division in the german football league arrangement. The WDFV itself is formed by the follow state associations : [ 19 ]
Northern Germany [edit ]
The Northern German Football Association ( german : Norddeutscher Fußball-Verband; NFV ) covers the states of Bremen, Hamburg, Lower Saxony and Schleswig-Holstein. The association used to administer the Northern German football championship until 1933. From 1947 to 1963, its highest league was the Oberliga Nord, the regional division of the erstwhile discerp flat german Oberliga. Since the 1994–95 season, the NFV is in charge of the Regionalliga Nord, a step 4 division in the german football league organization. The NFV itself is formed by the comply country associations : [ 20 ]
Northeastern Germany [edit ]
The northeastern German Football Association ( german : Nordostdeutscher Fußball-Verband; NOFV ) covers the states of Berlin, Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia. The association is the youngest of the five regional associations, having been formed after german reunion in 1990 as a successor of the disband German Football Association of the GDR. Since the 2012–13 season and previously from 1994 to 2000, the NOFV administers the Regionalliga Nordost, a step 4 division in the german football league arrangement, and the step 5 Oberliga Nordost. The NOFV itself is formed by the pursue country associations : [ 21 ]
Presidents [edit ]
government [edit ]
DFB Administration is located in Frankfurt ( Main ). It is headed by Secretary General Friedrich Curtius and managing directors Heike Ullrich ( Deputy Secretary General ), Oliver Bierhoff and Markus Holzherr .
mascot [edit ]
The official mascot is an eagle with bootleg feathers and a yellow peck called “Paule” ( since 26 March 2006 ) .
See besides [edit ]
References [edit ]
Media related to Deutscher Fußball-Bund at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website
- Germany at FIFA site
- Germany at UEFA site
Category : News