City in Victoria, Australia
Bendigo ( BEN-dig-oh ) is a city in Victoria, Australia, located in the Bendigo Valley near the geographic kernel of the department of state [ 4 ] and approximately 150 kilometres ( 93 nautical mile ) northwest of Melbourne, the state of matter capital.
Reading: Bendigo – Wikipedia
As of 2019, Bendigo had an urban population of 100,991, [ 1 ] making it Australia ‘s 19th-largest city, fourth-largest inland city and the fourth-most populous city in Victoria. It is the administrative centre of the City of Greater Bendigo, which encompasses outlying towns spanning an area of approximately 3,000 km2 ( 1,158 sq secret intelligence service ) [ 5 ] and over 111,000 people. [ 6 ] Residents of the city are known as “ Bendigonians ”. [ 7 ] [ 8 ] [ 9 ] The traditional owners of the area are the Dja Dja Wurrung ( Djaara ) people. [ 10 ] The discovery of aureate on Bendigo Creek in 1851 transformed the area from a sheep place into one of colonial Australia ‘s largest boomtowns. News of the finds intensified the victorian gold rush, bringing an inflow of migrants from around the world, particularly Europe and China. Bendigo became easterly Australia ‘s largest 19th hundred gold-mining economy, and the wealth generated during this period is reflected today in the city ‘s victorian architectural inheritance. From 1853 until 1891, Bendigo was officially named Sandhurst. Bendigo ‘s boom menstruation lasted until the early twentieth century and after a irregular decline in population and employment, renewed increase occurred from the 1930s as the city consolidated as a fabricate and regional service center. Although gold mine continues, recent population growth has been most heavily concentrated in suburban areas. With the completion of the Calder Freeway linking Melbourne and Bendigo in 2009, and the region ‘s proximity to Melbourne, Bendigo has become one of the fastest-growing regional centres in Victoria. [ 11 ]
history [edit ]
autochthonal history and european colonization [edit ]
The Traditional Owners of the Mount Alexander area that includes Greater Bendigo are the Dja Dja Wurrung ( Djaara ) people. They exploited the rich people local hunting grounds from which they were displaced by the arrival by white settlers, who established the first of many huge sheep runs in 1837. The Djadjawurrung peoples experienced two waves of village and exorcism : from the south from 1837 and from the north from 1845. [ 12 ] The marked decrease in Dja Dja Wurrung population was besides due to the arrival of non-indigenous animals ; they use their noses to ‘ ancestor up ’ the alimentary moon-nar tuber ( yam daisy ) ; after just a class it was noticed the plant was becoming scarce. [ 13 ] Squatters in the area included : Donald Campbell at Bullock Creek in Ravenswood ; J & R Bakewell to the north of Bendigo ; Heap & Gryce to the northwest ; Archibald McDougall to the west ; Joseph Raleigh and James Robinson along the Campaspe River to the south, and Thomas, Jones and William Barnett to the east. [ 14 ] [ 15 ] The Ravenswood “ Mount Alexander North run ”, occupied from c.1840 by Donald Campbell, was acquired by brothers Stewart and Robert Gibson in 1848, with Frederick Fenton late replacing one of the Gibson brothers. After the discovery of gold in 1851, Fenton sold provisions to the miners and agisted their horses. Becoming the sole owner of the Ravenswood test in 1857, Fenton built its hearty homestead. [ 16 ] amber was officially discovered on Bendigo Creek at the north-eastern limit of the Ravenswood run, [ 17 ] sooner known as the Mount Alexander North run, in October 1851. The brook had been named “ Bendigo Creek ” after a local shepherd and employee of the Mount Alexander North run nicknamed for the English rough-and-tumble prizefighter William Abednego “ Bendigo ” Thompson. The area was transformed in less than a class as tens of thousands of people arrived during the bang-up aureate rush in 1852 .
Gold mine boom [edit ]
Bendigo, 1853 aureate was officially discovered in the area in October 1851, [ 17 ] just after the other significant goldfields in neighbouring Castlemaine, from where many diggers migrated, bringing the full population to 40,000 in less than a class. Many of these diggers were taiwanese and their descendants still live in the area .
Deep Gully Mine, 1857 During 1852, under the guidance of Surveyor General of Victoria, Robert Hoddle, William Swan Urquhart was making a general survey of Mount Alexander and the encompassing ranges, and of the goldfields, and fixed the locate of the township of ‘Sandhurst ‘, now Bendigo. On 13 July 1852 Hoddle passed on to Urquhart Lieutenant-Governor La Trobe ‘s request for a design of the Mount Alexander aureate workings, and his order that he mark out a reserve at the junction of Golden Gully with Bendigo Creek, and the camp on the west side of the brook below the junction. In former August La Trobe wanted him to report urgently on the best reserves for department of agriculture in the district. By 26 November he had mapped Bendigo Creek and Myers Creek, and his review of the Bendigo Valley and environs marked township reserves at Bullock Creek, Ravenswood and Happy Jack where settlement was already taking station. His plan General Survey of the Bendigo Goldfields showing the proposed reserves for townships. Drawn by W.S. Urquhart, Melbourne, November 1852 recommended sites for national schools, churches, markets and other public purposes reserved from sale. [ 18 ] In 1853, a massive protest was held over the cost of the license fee for prospectors, though it passed off peacefully, due to good statesmanship by patrol and miners ‘ leaders. From being a tent city, the boomtown grew quickly into a major urban centre with many distinguished public buildings. The municipality became a borough in 1863, officially known as Sandhurst until 1891, but always unofficially as Bendigo. The railway had reached Bendigo by 1862, stimulating rapid growth, with flour mills, woolen mills, tanneries, quarries, foundries, eucalyptus oil production, food production industries, and timber cut. When the alluvial aureate ran out, extraction of quartz-based gold continued in deep shafts using industrial systems. excerpt in the future county of Bendigo ( created in 1869 ) commenced under the Land Act of 1865, with most colonization occurring around Sandhurst and Eaglehawk .
decline and positive feedback [edit ]
Bendigo from Camp Hill, 1886 Bendigo was declared a city in 1871. rapid population emergence brought a water dearth, partially solved with a raw viaduct that harnessed the Coliban River. The architect William Charles Vahland ( 1828–1915 ) left an crucial mark on Bendigo during this time period. He is credited with the popular bungalow plan with veranda decorated in iron braid, a style that was soon adopted across the state of Victoria. Vahland besides designed more than 80 buildings, including the Alexandra Fountain, arguably the most outstanding monument in Bendigo, with its granite dolphins, unicorns, nymphs and allegorical figures. A tramcar network was in practice by 1890 .
After a irregular drop in population, renewed growth occurred from the 1930s, as the city consolidated as a manufacture and regional service center, though amber mining continues. holocene growth has been most heavily concentrated in areas such as Epsom, Kangaroo Flat, Strathdale, and Strathfieldsaye. On 28 March 2013, the Dja Dja Wurrung people were formally recognised as the traditional owners for part of Central Victoria, including the land on which the City of Greater Bendigo sits. In 1994, under municipal reforms of Victoria ‘s Kennett government, the City of Bendigo was abolished and merged with the Borough of Eaglehawk, the Huntly and Strathfieldsaye shires, and the Rural City of Marong to form the larger City of Greater Bendigo. The population of the city increased from around 78,000 in 1991 to about 100,617 in 2012. Bendigo is presently one of the fastest-growing regional centres in Victoria. [ 11 ]
geography [edit ]
The city is surrounded by components of the Greater Bendigo National Park, equally well as the Bendigo Box-Ironbark Region Important Bird Area, identified as such by BirdLife International because of its importance for fleet parrots and other forest birds. [ 19 ] A twelve species of insect-eating bats and the pollinating grey flying fox dwell the sphere .
climate [edit ]
Bendigo has a relatively dry temperate climate with hot summers and cool winters. Under the Köppen-Geiger classification, it lies on a humid subtropical / semi-arid transitional climate zone ( Cfa/BSk ), [ 20 ] due to its location being on the limit of the hot, sultry inland areas to the north and the cool, damp Southern Ocean to the confederacy. [ 21 ] Bendigo gets 109.9 clear days annually. [ 7 ] The think of minimal temperature in January is 14.3 °C ( 57.7 °F ) and the utmost 28.7 °C ( 83.7 °F ), although temperatures above 35 °C ( 95.0 °F ) are normally reached. [ 7 ] The highest temperature officially recorded was 45.4 °C ( 113.7 °F ), during the 2009 southeast Australia estrus wave. [ 22 ] There is besides a disputed read of 47.4 °C ( 117.3 °F ) ( on 14 January 1862 ). [ 23 ] The beggarly minimum temperature in July is 3.5 °C ( 38.3 °F ) and winter minimum below 0 °C ( 32 °F ) are recorded 28 nights per year on average. mean utmost winter temperatures in July are 12.1 °C ( 53.8 °F ). Most of the city ‘s annual rain of 582.1 millimetres ( 22.92 in ) falls between May and September. Snowfalls are rare ; however, sleet occurs and rain frequently falls at temperatures below 5 °C ( 41 °F ) on explanation of Bendigo ‘s exposure to the prevailing westerlies. Frosts are a common happening during the winter and spring, though hampered by the frequent cloud cover .
|Climate data for Bendigo Airport (YBDG) (1991–2020); 209 m AMSL; 36° 44′ 27.96″ S|
|Record high °C (°F)||45.9 |
|Average high °C (°F)||30.2 |
|Average low °C (°F)||14.2 |
|Record low °C (°F)||3.3 |
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||34.8 |
|Average precipitation days ( ≥ 0.2 millimeter )||5.9||5.1||5.3||6.7||11.2||12.3||15.3||13.3||11.7||8.7||7.8||6.8||110.1|
|Average afternoon relative humidity (%)||30||32||35||41||55||65||65||57||51||41||36||31||45|
|Source: Australian Bureau of Meteorology|
extreme point weather events [edit ]
A serial of great floods occurred in Bendigo in 1859. [ 25 ] [ 26 ] Substantial flood besides occurred in 1903. [ 27 ]
Fire threatening houses in Long Gully, west of Bendigo, during the 2009 Black Saturday bushfires Tornadoes have been seen around the area of Bendigo, and although rare, the 2003 Bendigo tornado passed through Eaglehawk and other parts of the city, causing major damage to homes and businesses. [ 28 ] Bendigo was in severe drought from 2006 to 2010, and during this time, the city had some of the harshest water system restrictions in Australia, with no watering outside the family. heavy rains from the middle to belated months of 2010 filled most reservoirs to capacitance and only wasteful water use ( e.g. hosing down footpaths ) is presently banned. [ 29 ] Bendigo was affected by the Black Saturday bushfires in 2009. A fire to the west of the city burned out 500 hectares ( 1,200 acres ). [ 30 ] The open fire broke out at about 4.30 autopsy on the afternoon of 7 February, and burned through Long Gully and Eaglehawk, coming within 2 km ( 1.2 secret intelligence service ) of central Bendigo, before it was brought under control late on 8 February. [ 30 ] It destroyed about 58 houses in Bendigo ‘s western suburbs, and damaged an electricity transmittance line, resulting in blackouts to significant parts of the city. [ 31 ] One fatality from the ardor occurred. Flash floods occurred across Bendigo during 2010, the beginning in March [ 32 ] and the most dangerous at the begin of September. [ 33 ]
Demographics [edit ]
According to the 2016 census of population, 92,379 people were in Bendigo Urban Centre .
- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 1.8% of the population.
- 84.6% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were England 1.6%, India 0.7%, New Zealand 0.6%, Myanmar 0.5%, and Thailand 0.4%.
- 88.1% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Karen 0.9%, Mandarin 0.5%, Malayalam 0.2%, Punjabi 0.2%, and Hindi 0.2%.
- The most common responses for religion were No Religion 36.2%, Catholic 22.0%, and Anglican 12.9%.
According to the City of Greater Bendigo Community Profile, the population calculate for 2019 for this area was 118,093 ( 0.39 persons per hectare ). [ 35 ]
religion [edit ]
In the nineteenth hundred, Catholicism was the overriding Christian faith in Bendigo. Catholic priest and pioneer George Henry Backhaus established a locate in 1852 for the foremost Masses at Golden Square, and by the end of the year, he was camping at the locate of Bendigo ‘s first church, St Kilian ‘s church, completed in 1858. A affluent man, Backhaus left his estate for the benefit of the church, which, in 1897, enabled the construction of Sacred Heart Cathedral. Completed in 1977, it is the largest church construction in peasant Australia. As of 2016, Catholicism is still practiced by 22 % of the population. 36.2 % reported having “ No Religion ” in the 2016 census. [ 34 ] The Sandhurst Methodist Circuit ( 1854 ), serviced five Wesleyan churches which had been built in previous years. There were respective church schools, but they were attended by one-fifteenth of Bendigo ‘s school children. [ citation needed ] The Chinese, who in the mid-19th hundred constituted 20 % of Bendigo ‘s population, built the heritage-listed Bendigo Joss House Temple dedicated to Kwan Tai or Lord Guan, [ 36 ] where they practised syncretic beliefs involving ancestor idolize and the three independent religions of China : buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism. [ 37 ] Bendigo is besides home to the largest stūpa in the western worldly concern, the Great Stupa of Universal Compassion, which houses the Jade Buddha for Universal Peace, the worldly concern ‘s largest gem-quality tire Buddha statue. As of 2016, Buddhism was followed by 1.4 % of Bendigo people, [ 35 ] and Islam by about 0.5 %. [ 35 ] In 2019, [ 38 ] despite protests by respective reactionary and anti-Islam organisations, [ 39 ] [ 40 ] construction began on Bendigo ‘s first base mosque and Islamic community center. [ 38 ] [ 41 ]
urban structure [edit ]
City center [edit ]
Hargreaves Mall, Bendigo ‘s main denounce area The cardinal area ( CBD ) of Bendigo consists of around 20 blocks of mixed-use area. The chief street is the Midland Highway, the segment running through the CBD is besides known as Pall Mall, while the independent shop sphere is centred around Hargreaves Mall .
Suburbs [edit ]
The adjacent urban area of Bendigo covers approximately 82 km2 of the local government area ‘s 3048 kilometer. by and large the suburb occupy the catchment of the Bendigo Creek and its tributaries. Bendigo has several suburbs, some of which ( such as Eaglehawk ) were once independent satellite townships and many that extend into the surrounding bushland .
architectural heritage [edit ]
As a bequest of the gold boom, Bendigo has many flowery buildings built in a late victorian colonial style. many buildings are on the priggish Heritage Register and registered by the National Trust of Australia. outstanding buildings include the Bendigo Town Hall ( 1859, 1883–85 ), the Old Post Office, the Bendigo Law Courts ( 1892–96 ), the Shamrock Hotel ( 1897 ), the Institute of Technology, and the Memorial Military Museum ( 1921 ), all in the second Empire style. The architect William Vahland encouraged european artisans to emigrate to the Sandhurst goldfields and so create a “ Vienna of the South ”. [ 42 ] Bendigo ‘s Sacred Heart Cathedral, a bombastic sandstone church, is the third-largest cathedral in Australia and one of the largest cathedrals in the Southern Hemisphere. The independent construct was completed between 1896 and 1908 and the steeple between 1954 and 1977. Fortuna Villa is a big surviving priggish sign of the zodiac, built for Christopher Ballerstedt and later owned by George Lansell. Many other examples of Bendigo ‘s classical architecture rank amongst the finest classical commercial buildings in Australia and include the Colonial Bank construction ( 1887 ) and the former Masonic Hall ( 1873–74 ), which is now a performing-arts center. Bendigo ‘s Joss House, a historic temple, was built in the 1860s by chinese miners and is the merely surviving build of its kind in regional Victoria, which continues to be used as a target of worship. The historic Bendigo Tram Sheds and Power Station ( 1903 ) now sign of the zodiac Bendigo ‘s tramline museum. The Queen Elizabeth Oval silent retains its flowery 1901 grandstand .
Parks and gardens [edit ]
The central city is skirted by Rosalind Park, a Victorian-style garden featuring statuary and a large blue pit viaduct. The chief capture corner of the park is on the intersection known as Charing Cross, once the intersection of two independent tramway lines ( now only one ). It features a large statue of Queen Victoria. The Charing Cross junction features the large and flowery Alexandra Fountain ( 1881 ) and is built on top of a wide bridge that spans the viaduct. The park elevates toward Camp Hill, which features a historic educate and a lookout – a early mine poppet promontory. farther from the city is Lake Weeroona, a big, cosmetic lake adjacent to the Bendigo Creek. The Bendigo Botanic Gardens, which opened in 1869, are far downstream. major renovation of the gardens has taken place in recent years. The gardens are home to many native species of animals, including brushtailed and ring-tailed possums, ducks, coots, purple swamp hens, microbats ( small insect-eating bats ), several species of lizards, owl, the tawny frogmouth, and though not native to the area, [ 43 ] a colony of endangered grey flying foxes ( Pteropus poliocephalus ). [ 44 ]
acculturation and events [edit ]
The Bendigo Art Gallery is one of Australia ‘s oldest and largest regional art galleries. In March 2012, it hosted a royal chew the fat from Princess Charlene of Monaco at the possibility of an exhibition about Grace Kelly. [ 45 ] The Capital Theatre, originally the Masonic synagogue, is located future to the art veranda in View Street and hosts performing arts and live music. It besides hosts the annual Bendigo Writers Festival, founded in 2012, which runs across the second weekend in August each year. The Ulumbarra Theatre [ 46 ] was opened on 16 April 2015. [ 47 ] It was originally the Sandhurst/Old Bendigo Gaol. The newfangled theater which seats about 1,000 people sits within the walls and structure of the jail and retains some original architectural features of the imprison. [ 48 ] The venue hosts performing arts and live music. It besides acts as a ceremony and teaching outer space for local secondary schools and universities. The city hosts the Bendigo National Swap Meet for car parts every class in early November. It is regarded [ by whom? ] as the biggest in the Southern Hemisphere and attracts people from all over Australia and the universe. The city hosts the victorian leg of the annual Groovin ‘ the Moo music festival. It is held at the Bendigo Showgrounds and is normally held in late April or early May. The festival regularly sells out and brings many Australian and international acts to the city. It besides attracts thousands of people from around Victoria to the city for the weekend. The Bendigo Blues and Roots Music Festival has been taking place each November since 2011. With over 80 artists from all over Australia, the nonprofit organization festival is hosted in many of the venues around Bendigo, and is headlined by a bombastic, family-friendly, spare concert held in Rosalind Park. The Bendigo Easter Festival is held each year and attracts tens of thousands of tourists to the city over the Easter long weekend. Attractions include parades, exhibitions, and a street carnival.
The Bendigo Queer Film Festival ( BQFF ) is one of Australia ‘s few regional annual festivals celebrating the Queer movie music genre. The BQFF started in 2004 and takes place in the second one-half of April. The Festival of Light is a multicultural celebration of peace and harmony inspired by the Buddha ‘s birthday held in May each class since 2013 at the Great Stupa. The festival ‘s platform includes dancing and musical acts followed by a firework expose at night. In November 2019 Bendigo was recognised as a United Nations ‘ City of Gastronomy. On 27 February 2020, Nimbus Rooftop Bar, Bendigo ‘s beginning rooftop bar, [ 49 ] opened for the first prison term. [ 50 ] Bendigo is home to a numeral of amateurish dramaturgy groups including the Bendigo Theatre Company, Tribe Youth Theatre, and Nexus Youth Theatre
Media [edit ]
Bendigo is served by two newspapers : the Bendigo Advertiser and the Bendigo Weekly, although in October 2019 the Bendigo Weekly was incorporated into the Bendigo Advertiser and nowadays features as an tuck in the Saturday edition of the Advertiser. besides, eight locally based radio stations are active ; 105.1 Life FM, Gold 1071am and 98.3FM, Hit 91.9, 3BO FM, ( broadcasting as Triple M ) and ABC Local Radio, deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as the community radio receiver stations Radio KLFM 96.5, Phoenix FM, Fresh FM, and Vision Australia Radio 3BPH Bendigo 88.7 FM regular net television is broadcast in the Bendigo area by Prime7 ( 7 ), WIN Television ( 9 ), Southern Cross Ten ( 10 ), ABC, and SBS. Of the three commercial networks, WIN Television airs a half-hour WIN News bulletin each weeknight at 6pm, produced from a newsroom in the city and broadcast from studios in Wollongong. Southern Cross Nine airs a regional Victoria edition of Nine News from Melbourne each weeknight at 6pm, featuring local anesthetic opt-outs for Bendigo and Central Victoria. Prime7 airs inadequate local anesthetic newsworthiness and weather updates throughout the sidereal day, produced and broadcast from its Canberra studios. On 5 May 2011, analogue television receiver transmissions ceased in most areas of regional Victoria and some edge regions including Bendigo and surrounding areas. All local free-to-air television receiver services are nowadays being broadcast in digital infection lone. This was done as part of the federal government ‘s plan for digital mundane television in Australia, where all analogue television receiver transmission is being gradually switched off and replaced with DVB-T transmission .
music [edit ]
respective live music venues offer local freelancer bands and artists performing on a regular footing. These venues include Piano Bar ( in the erstwhile Music Man Megastore ), the Gold Dust Lounge at the Hotel Shamrock, and the Golden Vine hotel, besides the Bendigo Blues Club. Bendigo Town Hall besides hosts music concerts, and is a chief venue for the Bendigo Chamber Music Festival. respective adult choirs and the Bendigo Youth Choir much perform abroad ; the Bendigo Symphony Orchestra, the Bendigo Symphonic Band, the Bendigo and District Concert Band, several brass bands and three pipe bands perform, as well. [ 51 ] Musicians primitively from Bendigo include Patrick Savage – film composer [ 52 ] and former principal first violin of the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra in London. [ 53 ] Australian Idol winner Kate DeAraugo grew up in Bendigo where her family silent live. [ 54 ] [ 55 ]
fun [edit ]
queen Elizabeth Oval ‘s nineteenth hundred grandstand Cricket and australian rules football are the most popular sports in Bendigo. The Queen Elizabeth Oval ( referred to locally as the QEO ) hosts both sports. The Bendigo and District Cricket Association is the controlling soundbox for 10 elder cricket clubs within the Bendigo area. The Emu Valley Cricket Association organises matches for 13 clubs around the Bendigo district, from Marong in the north to Heathcote is the confederacy. In terms of australian rules, Bendigo Gold were a semiprofessional team that competed in the victorian Football League until 2014. The Bendigo region is besides base to the historic Bendigo Football League, a strong australian rules competition featuring ten-spot teams from throughout the region. One of the league ‘s establish member clubs, the Bendigo-based Sandhurst Football Club, was founded in 1861, making it one of the earth ‘s oldest football clubs. The Bendigo Cup is a outstanding horse-race event. The Bendigo Stadium stadium hosted basketball games during the 2006 Commonwealth Games. Bendigo ‘s men ‘s team is called the Bendigo Braves and the women ‘s team is called Bendigo Spirit. In both 2013 and 2014, the women ‘s team won the Women ‘s National Basketball League championship. The city co-hosted the 2003 FIBA Oceania Championship. Bendigo was the host to the second Commonwealth Youth Games, held from 30 November to 3 December 2004, and will besides serve as one of the hosts for the regional 2026 Commonwealth Games in Victoria .
economy [edit ]
Bendigo is a large and growing service economy. The major industries are health, finance ( headquarters of the Bendigo and Adelaide Bank – Australia ‘s fifth largest bank ), tourism, department of commerce, education, food march, and elementary industries, with some significant mastermind industries ( see below under “ Manufacturing ” ). Bendigo ‘s growth has stimulated growth in small surrounding rural towns ( such as Elmore, Heathcote, Rochester, Inglewood, Dunolly and Bridgewater ) .
tourism [edit ]
tourism is a major component of the Bendigo economy, generating over A $ 364 million in 2008/09. [ 56 ] Bendigo is popular with inheritance tourists and cultural tourists with the focus of tourism on the city ‘s gold rush history. big attractions include the Central Deborah Gold Mine, the Bendigo Tramways ( both of which are managed by the Bendigo Trust, a council-intertwined constitution dedicated to preserving Bendigo ‘s inheritance ), the Golden Dragon Museum, the Bendigo Pottery, and the Great Stupa .
Commerce [edit ]
Bendigo Bank ( left ) The main retail center of Bendigo is the cardinal occupation zone, with the suburbs of Eaglehawk, Kangaroo Flat, Golden Square, Strathdale, and Epsom besides having shopping districts. The city was home to one of Australia ‘s few provincial malcolm stock exchanges, the Bendigo Stock Exchange ( BSX ), founded in the 1860s. The city is the home of the headquarters of the Bendigo Bank, established in 1858 as a build company. It is now a big retail trust with community bank branches throughout Australia. The bank is headquartered in Bendigo and is a major employer in the city ( it besides has a regional function at Melbourne Docklands ) .
Manufacturing [edit ]
The City of Greater Bendigo Community Profile indicated that about 10.2 % of the work force were employed in fabrication in 2011. [ 57 ] After the victorian gold rush, the introduction of deep quartz mining in Bendigo caused the development of a heavy manufacture industry. Little of that now remains, but a boastfully foundry ( Keech Castings ) makes mining, train, and other steel parts and a rubber factory remains ( Motherson Elastomers, once Empire Rubber ). Thales Australia ( once ADI Limited ) is an significant heavy engineering company. Australia Defence Apparel is another keystone defensive structure diligence player making military and patrol uniforms and bulletproof vests. Intervet ( once Ausvac ) is an important biotechnology company, producing vaccines for animals .
education [edit ]
Bendigo School of Mines The Bendigo Senior Secondary College is the largest VCE provider in the express. Catherine McAuley College follows close after, which ranges from years 7–9 at the Coolock campus and 10–12 at the St Mary ‘s campus. Girton Grammar School, an independent school, provides education to students from years Prep-12. The Bendigo campus of La Trobe University is besides a large and growing educational institution with closely 5,000 undergraduates and postgraduates .
Farming and department of agriculture [edit ]
The surrounding area, or “ gold country ”, is quite harsh, rough land with scrabbly regrowth vegetation. The box-ironbark forest is used for lumber ( chiefly sleepers and firewood ) and beekeeping. Sheep and cattle are grazed in the clear areas. There are some boastfully poultry and devour farms. Some relatively prolific areas are present along the rivers and brook, where wheat and early crops such as canola are grown. The area produces premium wines, including Shiraz, from a growing viticulture diligence. Salinity is a trouble in many valleys, [ 58 ] [ 59 ] but is under see. [ 60 ] A relatively belittled eucalyptus oil diligence operates there. [ 61 ] [ 62 ] Bendigo provides services ( including a large livestock substitution ) to a large agricultural and grazing area on the Murray plains to its north .
amber mine [edit ]
One of the major revolutions in aureate mine ( during the victorian gold rush ) came when fields such as Bendigo, but besides Ballarat, Ararat and the goldfields close to Mount Alexander, turned out to have bombastic gold deposits below the superficial alluvial deposits that had been ( partially ) mined out. gold at Bendigo was found in quartz witwatersrand systems, hosted within highly deformed mudstones and sandstones or were washed away into channels of ancient rivers. Tunnels vitamin a cryptic as 900 thousand ( 3000 foot ) ( Stawell ) were possible. [ 63 ] Until overtaken in the 1890s by the Western Australia goldfields, Bendigo was the most productive australian gold area, with a full output over 622 tonnes ( 20 million ounces ). Over the 100-odd year menstruation from 1851 to 1954, the 3,600-hectare area that made up the Bendigo gold field yielded 777 tonnes ( 25 million ounces ) of gold. [ 64 ] A big total of gold remains in the Bendigo goldfields, estimated to be at least ampere much again as what has been removed. The worsen in mining was partially due to the depth of mines and the bearing of body of water in the deep mines .
infrastructure [edit ]
tape drive [edit ]
Bendigo is connected via the Calder Freeway to Melbourne, which is fewer than two hours by car. [ 65 ] The remaining segment of highway nearest Bendigo has been upgraded to dual carriageway standard ensuring that motorists can travel up to speeds of 110 km/h ( 68 miles per hour ) for most of the journey. many other regional centres are besides connected to Melbourne via Bendigo, making it a gateway city in the ecstasy of produce and materials from northerly Victoria and the Murray to the Port of Melbourne and beyond. Bendigo acts as a major vilify hub for northern Victoria, being at the junction of several lines including the Bendigo course which runs south to Melbourne and lines running north including the Swan Hill, Echuca and Eaglehawk–Inglewood lines. V/Line operates regular VLocity passenger fulminate services to Melbourne with the shortest extremum journey taking approximately 91 minutes from Bendigo railway station, by and large however services take two hours or longer. While there are respective rail stations in the urban area, merely three early stations presently operated for passengers : Kangaroo Flat railroad track post on the Bendigo Line, Epsom Railway Station on the Echuca railroad track line, and Eaglehawk railroad track post on the Swan Hill railroad track line. There are besides extra caravan services to and from Swan Hill and Echuca. The regional rail revival project will upgrade the Swan Hill and Echuca lines and build three new stations. On the Echuca lineage, Huntly station ( for the out suburb of Huntly ), Goornong Station ( A town in greater Bendigo ) and on the Swan Hill line Raywood place ( A township in greater Bendigo ) All set to open between 2021 and 2022. Residents celebrated the hatchway of the new Goornong Railway Station at a community event on the weekend of December 11-12, 2021. [ 66 ] Victoria ‘s electronic ticket system, Myki, was implemented on vilify services between Eaglehawk and Melbourne on 17 July 2013. [ 67 ] Bendigo is besides served by an extensive bus network that radiates largely from the CBD with the chief destination at the railroad track place towards the suburb. The city is besides served by respective cab services. Trams in Bendigo have historically operated an extensive net as a form of public transport, but the remains of the network were reduced to a tourist avail in 1972. [ 68 ] Short trials of commuter streetcar services were held in 2008 and 2009 with little ridership. The second, “ Take a Tram ”, proved more successful, running doubly arsenic long as the previous test. By the end of the “ Take a Tram ” program, ridership had increased and was increasing. however, due to lack of politics subsidy or second, the broadcast ended. [ 69 ] Bendigo is served by the Bendigo Airport, which is located to the north of the city on the Midland Highway. The Bendigo Airport Strategic Plan was approved in 2010 for proposed infrastructure upgrades including runway extension and buildings to facilitate larger planes and the possibility of regular passenger services from major cities in early states. In 2016, Bendigo Airport was upgraded with a new taxiway system, newly lighting, and a modern 1.6-km north–south runway. On 10 December 2018, Qantas announced that they would fly between Sydney and Bendigo six times a workweek, the first of which commenced on 31 March 2019. [ 70 ]
Health [edit ]
The Bendigo Base Hospital now known as Bendigo Health is the city ‘s largest hospital, only public hospital, and a major regional hospital. St John of God is the largest private hospital. Bendigo is besides served by a privately owned smaller surgical facility, the Bendigo Day Surgery .
Utilities [edit ]
Bendigo is entitled to a dowry of the water in Lake Eppalock, an irrigation reservoir on the Campaspe River. Developments have led to the construction of a grapevine from Waranga to Lake Eppalock and thence to Bendigo in 2007. In 1858 Bendigo water works hired Joseph Brady as an mastermind and he designed nine reservoirs and a channel system called the Coliban chief duct which provides water system from the Malmsbury reservoir to customers in cardinal Victoria .
baby cities [edit ]
noteworthy residents [edit ]
Arts and entertainment
See besides [edit ]
References [edit ]
Citations [edit ]
Sources [edit ]
- Sarle, Geoffrey. “Mackey, Sir John Emanuel (1863–1924)”. Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 10, (MUP), 1986. Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian Dictionary of Biography .
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