Beauty and the Beast (1991 film) – Wikipedia

1991 American animated musical illusion romanticism film

Beauty and the Beast is a 1991 American animated melodious quixotic fantasy movie produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation and released by Walt Disney Pictures. The thirtieth Disney animated sport film and the third released during the Disney Renaissance menstruation, it is based on the 1756 fagot fib of the like name by Jeanne-Marie Leprince de Beaumont ( who was only credited in the french dub ), [ 6 ] while besides containing ideas from the 1946 French film of the lapp diagnose directed by Jean Cocteau. [ 7 ] The film was directed by Gary Trousdale and Kirk Wise ( in their feature of speech directorial debuts ) and produced by Don Hahn, from a screenplay by Linda Woolverton. Beauty and the Beast focuses on the kinship between the Beast ( voice of Robby Benson ), [ 8 ] a prince who is magically transformed into a giant and his servants into family objects as punishment for his arrogance, and Belle ( voice of Paige O’Hara ), [ 8 ] a young woman whom he imprisons in his castle. To break the hex, Beast must learn to love Belle and earn her sleep together in return before the final petal falls from an enchanted rose or else the Beast will remain a giant forever. The film besides features the voices of Richard White, Jerry Orbach, David Ogden Stiers, and Angela Lansbury. [ 8 ]

Walt Disney beginning attempted to adapt Beauty and the Beast into an enliven film during the 1930s and 1950s, but was abortive. Following the success of The Little Mermaid ( 1989 ), Walt Disney Pictures decided to adapt the fagot fib, which Richard Purdum primitively conceived as a non-musical period drama. After seeing a test reel, Disney president Jeffrey Katzenberg scrapped Purdum ‘s mind and ordered that the film be a melodious similar to The Little Mermaid alternatively. [ 8 ] Lyricist Howard Ashman and composer Alan Menken wrote the film ‘s songs. Ashman, who additionally served as the film ‘s administrator manufacturer, died of AIDS -related complications six months before the film ‘s release, and the film is therefore dedicated to his memory. Beauty and the Beast premiered as an unfinished film at the New York Film Festival on September 29, 1991, followed by its theatrical performance spill as a completed movie at the El Capitan Theatre on November 13. The film grossed $ 331 million at the box position worldwide on a $ 25 million budget and received widespread critical applaud for its romantic narrative, vivification ( particularly the ballroom scene ), characters and melodious numbers. Beauty and the Beast won the Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy, the inaugural animated film to ever win that category. It besides became the beginning animated film to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best painting at the 64th Academy Awards, where it won the Academy Award for Best Original Score and Best Original Song for its title birdcall and received extra nominations for Best Original Song and Best Sound. In April 1994, Beauty and the Beast became Disney ‘s first animated film to be adapted into a Broadway musical, which ran until 2007. An IMAX adaptation of the film was released in 2002, and included “ Human Again “, a new five-minute melodious sequence that had been cut from the film prior to its handout, but was included in the 1994 musical. That same class, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress for being “ culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant ”. [ 9 ] [ 10 ] After the achiever of the 3D re-release of The Lion King, the film was reissued in 3D in 2012. [ 11 ] A live-action adaptation of the movie directed by Bill Condon was released on March 17, 2017. nowadays, Beauty and the Beast is regarded as one of Disney ‘s best films and one of the greatest inspire films always made. [ citation needed ]

plat [edit ]

An enchantress disguised as a beggar woman offers a rose to a barbarous and selfish prince in exchange for shelter from a storm. When he refuses, she reveals her identity and, for the prince ‘s arrogance, she transforms him into a animal and his servants into family objects. She casts a spell on the rose and warns the prince that the spell will only be broken if he learns to love another and be loved in return before the end petal falls, which would occur at the beginning of his 21st year, or he will remain a beast everlastingly. respective years belated, in a nearby village, Belle, the book-loving daughter of an bizarre inventor named Maurice, dream of gamble. She frequently tries avoiding Gaston, a egotistic hunter who wants to marry her because of her beauty. On his way to a fair to showcase his latest invention, an automatic pistol wood-chopper, Maurice gets lost in the afforest and seeks refuge in the Beast ‘s castle, but the Beast imprisons him for trespassing. When Maurice ‘s horse returns without him, Belle ventures out searching for him and finds him locked in the palace dungeon. The Beast agrees to free Maurice if she takes his place as prisoner. Belle befriends the castle ‘s servants : Lumière the candelabrum, Cogsworth the clock, Mrs. Potts the teapot, and her son Chip, the teacup ; they serve her a dinner through song. When she wanders into the prevent west wing and finds the rose, the Beast catches her and, in a fierce rage, sends her flee from the palace. In the woods, she is ambushed by a tamp down of wolves, but the Beast rescues her and is injured in the process. As Belle nurses his injuries, a rapport develops between them and as fourth dimension passes, they begin to fall in love. meanwhile, Maurice returns to the village and fails to convince the town of Belle ‘s predicament. Hearing Maurice ‘s statements about the Beast, Gaston hatches a plan : He bribes Monsieur D’Arque, the warden of the town ‘s insane refuge, to have Maurice locked up as a daredevil. With no one to support her, Belle would have no choice but to marry Gaston. Before they can act, however, Maurice leaves for the castle to attempt a rescue alone. After sharing a amatory dance with the Beast, Belle uses the Beast ‘s magic mirror to check on her father and sees him collapsing in the woods. The Beast releases her to save Maurice, giving her the mirror as a memento. After Belle takes her founder to the greenwich village, a set of villagers led by Gaston arrives to detain Maurice. Belle uses the mirror to show the Beast to the town, proving her father ‘s sanity. Realizing that Belle loves the Beast, a covetous Gaston has her and her father locked in the basement and rallies the villagers to follow him to the castle to slay the Beast. With the help of Chip, who arrived at their house as a stowaway, and Maurice ‘s wood-chopping machine, Maurice and Belle elude and rush back to the castle just as a heavy thunderstorm starts. During the battle, the Beast ‘s servants fend off the villagers. Gaston attacks the Beast in his tower, who is besides depress from Belle ‘s passing to fight back but regains his spirit upon seeing Belle rejoinder. He defeats Gaston but spares his life before reuniting with Belle. however, Gaston fatally stabs the Beast with a knife and then slips and falls to his death. [ a ] The Beast dies in Belle ‘s arms before the last petal falls, but Belle tearfully professes her love to the Beast, and the spell is undo, reviving the Beast and restoring his human shape along with all his servants and his castle. The Prince and Belle host a musket ball for the kingdom, where they dance happily .

Voice cast [edit ]

production [edit ]

early versions [edit ]

After the achiever of Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs in 1937, Walt Disney sought out other stories to adapt into sport films, with Beauty and the Beast being among the stories he considered. [ 14 ] [ 31 ] Attempts to develop the Beauty and the Beast history into a film were made in the 1930s and 1950s, but were ultimately given up because it “ proved to be a challenge ” for the history team. [ 14 ] Peter M. Nichols states Disney may subsequently have been discouraged by Jean Cocteau having already done his 1946 version. [ 32 ] Decades by and by, during the production of Who Framed Roger Rabbit in 1987, the Disney studio apartment resurrected Beauty and the Beast as a project for the satellite animation studio it had set up in London, England to work on Roger Rabbit. Richard Williams, who had directed the animated portions of Roger Rabbit, was approached to direct but declined in party favor of continuing shape on his long-gestating project The Thief and the Cobbler. In his place, Williams recommended his colleague, english animation director Richard Purdum, and work began under producer Don Hahn on a non-musical translation of Beauty and the Beast set in 19th-century France. [ 33 ] At the behest of Disney CEO Michael Eisner, Beauty and the Beast became the first Disney animated movie to use a screenwriter. This was an unusual motivate for an inspire film, which is traditionally developed on storyboards rather than in a script imprint. Linda Woolverton wrote the original conscription of the narrative before storyboarding began, and worked with the report team to retool and develop the film. [ 34 ]

Script rewrite and musicalization [edit ]

Upon seeing the initial storyboard reels in 1989, Walt Disney Studios chair Jeffrey Katzenberg ordered that the movie be scrapped and started over from rub. Upon seeing the initial storyboard reels in 1989, Walt Disney Studios chair Jeffrey Katzenberg was dissatisfied with Purdum ‘s mind and ordered that the film be scrapped and started over from start. A few months after starting afresh, Purdum resigned as film director. The studio had approached John Musker and Ron Clements to direct the movie, but they turned down the offer, saying they were “ tired ” after equitable having finished directing Disney ‘s recent success The Little Mermaid. Katzenberg then hired first-time feature directors Kirk Wise and Gary Trousdale. Wise and Trousdale had previously directed the animated sections of Cranium Command, a short-circuit film for a Disney EPCOT composition park attraction. In accession, wanting another musical film, Katzenberg asked songwriters Howard Ashman and Alan Menken, who had written the song score for The Little Mermaid, to turn Beauty and the Beast into a Broadway-style musical film in the lapp vein as Mermaid. Ashman, who at the time had learned he was dying of complications from AIDS, had been working with Disney on a positron emission tomography project of his, Aladdin, and merely reluctantly agreed to join the struggling product team. To accommodate Ashman ‘s failing health, pre-production of Beauty and the Beast was moved from London to the Residence Inn in Fishkill, New York, conclude to Ashman ‘s New York City home. [ 33 ] here, Ashman and Menken joined Wise, Trousdale, Hahn, and Woolverton in retooling the film ‘s script. [ 14 ] [ 34 ] Since the original floor had only two major characters, the filmmakers enhanced them, added new characters in the form of enchanted family items who “ add warmth and drollery to a glooming fib ” and guide the audience through the film, and added a “ real villain ” in the form of Gaston. [ 14 ] These ideas were slightly like to elements of the 1946 French film version of Beauty and the Beast, which introduced the quality of Avenant, an boorish suitor slightly alike to Gaston, [ 35 ] a well as breathless objects coming to liveliness in the Beast ‘s castle. [ 36 ] The inspire objects were, however, given clear-cut personalities in the Disney adaptation. By early 1990, Katzenberg had approved the revised script, and storyboarding began again. [ 14 ] [ 34 ] The production flew floor artists back and away between California and New York for storyboard approvals from Ashman, though the team was not told the reason why. [ 14 ]

Casting and recording [edit ]

Disney had primitively considered casting Jodi Benson from The Little Mermaid as Belle. [ 37 ] They finally decided upon Broadway actress and singer Paige O’Hara in favor of having a heroine who sounded “ more like a charwoman than a girlfriend ”. [ 38 ] According to co-director Kirk Wise, O’Hara was given the function because she “ had a singular timbre, a tone she would hit that made her limited ”, [ 39 ] evocative to that of American actress and singer Judy Garland. [ 40 ] O’Hara, who, after reading about the film in The New York Times, [ 41 ] competed for the function against 500 hopefuls, [ 42 ] believes the fact that lyricist Howard Ashman admired her cast recording of the melodious Show Boat proved integral in her being hurl. [ 43 ] Laurence Fishburne, Val Kilmer and Mandy Patinkin were originally considered to voice the Beast, the function was finally given to actor Robby Benson. [ 44 ] John Cleese was primitively intended to voice Cogsworth, but late turned it down to voice Cat. R. Waul in the Universal Pictures animated movie An American Tail: Fievel Goes West, and the function was finally given to David Ogden Stiers. [ 44 ] Julie Andrews was primitively considered to voice Mrs. Potts, the role was finally given to Angela Lansbury. [ 45 ]

animation [edit ]

A frame from the “ Beauty and the Beast ” ballroom dance sequence. The backdrop was animated using calculator generated imagination which, when the traditionally animate characters are composited against it using Pixar ‘s CAPS organization, gives the illusion of a dollying film camera. production of Beauty and the Beast was to be completed on a compressed timeline of two years preferably than the traditional four-year Disney Feature Animation output schedule ; this was due to the passing of production time spent developing the earlier Purdum version of the film. Most of the production was done at the chief Feature Animation studio, housed in the Air Way facility in Glendale, California. A smaller team at the Disney-MGM Studios subject parking lot in Lake Buena Vista, Florida assisted the California team on several scenes, peculiarly the “ Be Our Guest ” number. [ 14 ] Beauty and the Beast was the second movie, after The Rescuers Down Under, produced using CAPS ( Computer Animation Production System ), a digital scanning, ink, paint, and compositing system of software and hardware developed for Disney by Pixar. [ 14 ] [ 33 ] The software allowed for a broad range of colors, adenine well as soft shadow and color line effects for the characters, techniques lost when the Disney studio abandoned hand inking for xerography in the early on 1960s. CAPS/ink & paint besides allowed the production crew to simulate multiplane effects : placing characters and/or backgrounds on separate layers and moving them towards/away from the television camera on the Z-axis to give the magic trick of depth, arsenic well as altering the focus of each layer. In addition, CAPS/ink & paint allowed an easier combination of hand-drawn art with computer-generated imagination, which ahead had to be plotted to animation newspaper and then xeroxed and painted traditionally. [ 14 ] [ 46 ] This technique was put to significant use during the “ Beauty and the Beast ” waltz sequence, in which Belle and Beast dance through a computer-generated ballroom as the television camera dollies around them in fake 3D space. [ 14 ] The filmmakers had originally decided against the use of computers in privilege of traditional vivification, but former, when the engineering had improved, decided it could be used for the one view in the ballroom. [ 32 ] Before that, CGI environments had foremost been printed out as wireframe, but this was the first base time Disney made use of 3D rendering. [ 47 ] The success of the ballroom sequence helped convert studio executives to foster induct in calculator liveliness. [ 48 ] The engineering hardware that was used for the CGI was SGI, and the software that was used is Pixar ‘s RenderMan. The final dancing between Belle and the Prince was reused from the final examination dancing succession between Princess Aurora and Prince Phillip from the 1959 film Sleeping Beauty. According to Trousdale, this was done because production of the film was nearing the deadline, and this was the easiest means to do that sequence. [ 49 ]

music [edit ]

Ashman and Menken wrote the Beauty song score during the pre-production procedure in Fishkill, the opening operetta -styled “ Belle “ being their first typography for the film. other songs included “ Be Our Guest, ” sing ( in its original adaptation ) to Maurice by the objects when he becomes the first visitor to eat at the castle in a decade, “ Gaston, ” a solo for the swaggering villain and his bumbling buddy, “ Human Again, ” a song describing Belle and Beast ‘s growing sleep together from the objects ‘ perspective, the love ballad “ Beauty and the Beast ( Tale a Old as Time ) “ and the climactic “ The Mob Song. ” As report and song development came to a close, full product began in Burbank while voice and song record began in New York City. [ 14 ] The Beauty songs were largely recorded alive with the orchestra and the voice cast performing simultaneously rather than overdubbed individually, in rate to give the songs a hurl album -like “ energy ” the filmmakers and songwriters desired. During the course of production, many changes were made to the structure of the film, necessitating the replacement and re-purposing of songs. After screening a by and large animated adaptation of the “ Be Our Guest ” sequence, story artist Bruce Woodside suggested that the objects should be singing the song to Belle rather than her father. Wise and Trousdale agreed, and the sequence and birdcall were retooled to replace Maurice with Belle. The film ‘s title sung went through a noted bit of doubt during output. originally conceived as a rock-oriented song, it was changed to a boring, romantic ballad. Howard Ashman and Alan Menken asked Angela Lansbury to perform the sung, but she did not think her voice was suited for the melody. When she voiced her doubts, Menken and Ashman asked her for at least one film and told her to perform the song as she saw burst. Lansbury reportedly reduced everyone in the studio to tears with her rendition, nailing the birdcall in the one bring necessitate of her. This version went on to win the Oscar for Best Original Song. “ Human Again ” was dropped from the film before liveliness began, as its lyrics caused fib problems about the timeline over which the history takes place. [ 14 ] This needed Ashman and Menken to write a newly sung in its place. “ Something There, ” in which Belle and Beast sing ( via voiceover ) of their growing affection for each other, was composed late in production and inserted into the handwriting in target of “ Human Again. ” Menken would later revise “ Human Again ” for inclusion in the 1994 Broadway stage version of Beauty and the Beast, and another revised version of the birdcall was added to the film itself in a new succession created for the film ‘s particular Edition re-release in 2002. [ 14 ] Ashman died of AIDS-related complications at the long time of 40 on March 14, 1991, eight months before the film ‘s free. He never saw the finished film, though he did get to see it in its unfinished format. Ashman ‘s ferment on Aladdin was completed by another lyricist, Tim Rice. Before Ashman ‘s end, members of the film ‘s production team visited him after the film ‘s well-received first screen, with Don Hahn commenting that “ the film would be a bang-up success. Who ‘d have thought it ? “, to which Ashman replied with “ I would. ” A protection to the lyricist was included at the end of the credits crawl : “ To our friend, Howard, who gave a mermaid her voice, and a beast his soul. We will be forever grateful. Howard Ashman: 1950–1991. ” [ 33 ] A pop version of the “ Beauty and the Beast ” root, performed by Céline Dion and Peabo Bryson over the end credits, was released as a commercial single from the film ‘s soundtrack, supported with a music video recording. The Dion/Bryson version of “ Beauty and the Beast ” became an international pop score and performed well good on charts around the world. The song became Dion ‘s second single to land within the top-10 of the Billboard Hot 100, peaking at number nine. The birdcall peaked at number three on the Billboard Hot Adult Contemporary chart. In Canada, “ beauty and the Beast ” peaked at number two. [ 50 ] [ 51 ] Outside of North America, the song peaked within the top ten in New Zealand and the United Kingdom, while peaking within the top twenty dollar bill in Australia, Netherlands, and Ireland. The sung sold over a million copies worldwide. [ 52 ] This interpretation of the song was besides nominated for phonograph record of the Year, Song of the Year, and Best Pop Duo/Group Vocal Performance at the 35th Annual Grammy Awards, winning the latter. [ 53 ] [ 54 ] [ 55 ]

acquittance [edit ]

Work-in-Progress and master theatrical run [edit ]

In a first-time skill for The Walt Disney Company, an bare version of Beauty and the Beast was shown at the New York Film Festival on September 29, 1991. [ 56 ] The movie was deemed a “ work in advance “ because approximately only 70 % of the animation had been completed ; storyboards and pencil tests were used in substitution of the remaining 30 %. [ 57 ] Additionally, sealed segments of the film that had already been finished were reverted to previous stages of completion. At the end of the shield, Beauty and the Beast received a ten-minute-long standing ovation from the movie festival audience. [ 33 ] [ 58 ] The completed film was besides screened out of competition at the 1992 Cannes Film Festival. [ 59 ] The finished film premiered at the El Capitan Theatre in Hollywood on November 13, 1991, beginning a limited turn before expanding wide on November 22, [ 58 ] along with An American Tail: Fievel Goes West .
The film was restored and remastered for its New Year ‘s Day, 2002 re-release in IMAX theatres in a special-edition edit, including a newly musical sequence. For this adaptation of the film, a lot of the animation was cleaned up, a new sequence set to the deleted song “ Human Again ” was inserted into the film ‘s second act, and a new digital passkey from the master CAPS production files was used to make the high-resolution IMAX film negative. [ 60 ] A sing along edition of the film, hosted by Jordin Sparks, was released in blue-ribbon theaters on September 29 and October 2, 2010. Prior to the usher of the film, Sparks showed an exclusive behind-the-scenes look at the newly restored film and the name of her new Beauty and the Beast music video recording. There was besides comment from manufacturer Don Hahn, interviews with the cast and an inside spirit at how the animation was created. [ 61 ] [ 62 ] A Disney Digital 3D version of the film, the second of a traditionally animated movie, was in the first place scheduled to be released in US theatres on February 12, 2010, but the project was postponed. [ 63 ] On August 25, 2011, Disney announced that the 3D translation of the film would make its american english debut at Hollywood ‘s El Capitan Theatre from September 2–15, 2011. [ 64 ] Disney exhausted less than $ 10 million on the 3D conversion. [ 65 ] After the successful 3D re-release of The Lion King, Disney announced a wide 3D re-release of Beauty and the Beast in North America beginning January 13, 2012. [ 66 ]

home media [edit ]

On October 30, 1992, in the United States and Canada, Walt Disney Home Video ( presently known as Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment ) released the movie to VHS and LaserDisc as separate of the Walt Disney Classics series, and former put it on moratorium on April 30, 1993, it was not included in the Walt Disney Masterpiece Collection line. [ 67 ] This version contains a minor edit to the film : skulls that appear in Gaston ‘s pupils for two frames during his climactic fall to his death were removed for the original home television free. No such edit was made to later reissues of the film. The “ work-in-progress ” version screened at the New York Film Festival was besides released on VHS and LaserDisc at this prison term ; however, said version was the only one available on the latter format until the drop of 1993, when the completed theatrical adaptation was released. This measure was to diminish the menace of television pirates making copies derived from the LaserDisc ( which are not copy-protected ) and selling them in external markets, where the film was yet to be available for base release. [ 68 ] [ 69 ] By October 1993, the VHS sold a record 20-22 million units. [ 70 ] In 1993, the film was besides released on home video in different countries, including the United Kingdom on September 20 of that year, and sold a record 8.5 million units. [ 71 ]

Beauty and the Beast: Special Edition, as the enhance translation of the film released in IMAX/large-format is called, was released on a THX certified “ Platinum Edition ” two-disc DVD and VHS on October 8, 2002. [ 72 ] The DVD typeset features three versions of the film : the carry IMAX Special Edition with the “ Human Again ” sequence added, the original theatrical performance interpretation, and the New York Film Festival “ work-in-progress ” translation. This release went to “ Disney Vault “ moratorium status in January 2003, along with its direct-to-video follow-up Beauty and the Beast: The Enchanted Christmas and Belle’s Magical World. [ 73 ] The particular Edition DVD was released on November 2, 2002, in the United Kingdom, while the other 50 external territories released on Autumn 2002 as “ Special Limited Edition ”. The film was released from the vault on October 5, 2010, as the irregular of Disney ‘s Diamond Editions, in the form of a three-disc Blu-ray Disc and DVD combination compact [ 74 ] —the first unblock of Beauty and the Beast on dwelling video in high-definition format. [ 75 ] This edition consists of four versions of the film : the original theatrical interpretation, an strain adaptation, the New York Film Festival storyboard-only interpretation, and a one-fourth iteration displaying the storyboards via picture-in-picture alongside the original theatrical performance version. [ 76 ] Upon its beginning week of release, the Blu-ray sold 1.1 million units, topping the Blu-ray sales chart and finish in third base put on the combined Blu-ray and DVD sales chart for the workweek ending on October 10, 2010. [ 77 ] [ 78 ] It was the second-best-selling Blu-ray of 2010, behind Avatar. [ 79 ] A two-disc DVD edition was released on November 23, 2010. [ 74 ] A five-disc jazz band pack, featuring Blu-ray 3D, Blu-ray 2D, DVD and a digital copy, was released on October 4, 2011. The 3D jazz band pack is identical to the original Diamond Edition, except for the add 3D phonograph record and digital transcript. The Blu-ray publish went into the Disney Vault along with the two sequels on April 30, 2012. [ 80 ] A 25th-anniversary key signature Edition was released on Digital HD September 6, 2016 and was followed by Blu-ray/DVD jazz band pack on September 20, 2016. [ 81 ] Upon its first week of exhaust on family media in the U.S., the film topped the Blu-ray Disc sales chart, and debuted at act 3 in the Nielsen VideoScan First Alert chart, which tracks overall magnetic disk sales, behind Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Out of the Shadows and Captain America: Civil War. [ 82 ] The film was released on 4K digital download and Ultra HD Blu-ray on March 10, 2020. [ 83 ]

reception [edit ]

Box function [edit ]

During its initial acquittance in 1991, the film grossed $ 145.9 million in revenues in North America and $ 331.9 million global. [ 5 ] It ranked as the third-most successful film of 1991 in North America, surpassed only by the summer blockbusters Terminator 2: Judgment Day and Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves. [ 84 ] At the prison term Beauty and the Beast was the most successful animate Disney film release, and the first animize film to reach $ 100 million in the United States and Canada in its initial run. [ 85 ] [ 86 ] In its IMAX re-release, it earned $ 25.5 million in North America and $ 5.5 million in early territories, for a worldwide total of $ 31 million. [ 87 ] It besides earned $ 9.8 million from its 3D re-release overseas. [ 5 ] During the possibility weekend of its North american 3D re-release in 2012, Beauty and the Beast grossed $ 17.8 million, coming in at the No. 2 descry, behind Contraband, and achieved the highest open weekend for an animated film in January. [ 88 ] [ 89 ] The film was expected to make $ 17.5 million over the weekend ; however, the results topped its bode and the expectations of box office analysts. [ 90 ] [ 91 ] The re-release ended its run on May 3, 2012, and earned $ 47.6 million, which brought the film ‘s sum crying in North America to $ 219 million. [ 92 ] It made an calculate $ 206 million in other territories, for a cosmopolitan total of $ 425 million. [ 5 ] It was the highest-grossing film in Italy, surpassing the 39 billion lira grossed by Johnny Stecchino.[93]

critical response [edit ]

Upon its unblock, Beauty and the Beast received near-universal acclaim from critics and audiences alike for its animation, screenplay, characters, musical score, musical numbers, and voice acting. [ 94 ] Review collector web site Rotten Tomatoes gives the film an blessing military rank of 94 % based on reviews from 118 critics, with an average rate of 8.5/10. The web site ‘s critical consensus reads, “ Enchanting, sweepingly amatory, and featuring batch of fantastic musical numbers, Beauty and the Beast is one of Disney ‘s most elegant animated offerings. ” [ 95 ] The film besides holds a score of 95/100 on Metacritic, which indicates the review as “ universal joint applaud ”. [ 96 ] Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film a rare “ A+ ” grade. [ 97 ] Janet Maslin of The New York Times praised the film with the play along statement, “ Two years ago, Walt Disney Pictures reinvented the animize feature, not lone with an eye toward pleasing children, but besides with an older, savvier audience in mind. Disney in truth bridged a generation gap with The Little Mermaid … now, lightning has decidedly struck twice with Beauty and the Beast. ” [ 98 ] Awarding the film a perfect score of four stars, Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times compared Beauty and the Beast positively to Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs and Pinocchio, write, “ Beauty and the Beast reaches back to an older and healthier Hollywood custom in which the best writers, musicians and filmmakers are gathered for a project on the assumption that a kin consultation deserves great entertainment, besides. ” [ 99 ] In 2001 Ebert again gave the IMAX re-release a full 4 out of 4 stars. [ 100 ] James Berardinelli of ReelViews rated the film similarly while hailing it as “ the finest inspire movie ever made ”, write, “ Beauty and the Beast attains a nearly-perfect mix of love affair, music, invention, and animation. ” [ 101 ] The use of computer animation, particularly in the ballroom sequence, was singled out in several reviews as one of the movie ‘s highlights. Hal Hinson of The Washington Post gave the film a incontrovertible review, calling the film “ A delightfully satisfying advanced legend, a near-masterpiece that draws on the sublime traditions of the past while remaining wholly in synchronize with the sensibility of its time. ” [ 102 ] Janet Maslin of The New York Times gave the film a cocksure revue, saying “ It is a surprise, in a clock of sequels and retreads, that the new film is then fresh and all in all exultant in its own right. ” [ 103 ] Dave Kehr of the Chicago Tribune gave the film three out of four stars, saying “ Beauty and the Beast is surely adequate holiday entertainment for children and their more indulgent parents … But the film has little of the technical adeptness, bright characterization and emotional impact of Disney past. ” [ 104 ] Jay Boyar of the Orlando Sentinel gave the film four out of five stars, saying “ It ‘s not an particularly chilling movie, but right from the get down, you can tell that this Beauty and the Beast has a beauty of a bite. ” [ 105 ] John Hartl of The Seattle Times gave the film three-and-a-half stars out of four, saying “ It ‘s exceptionally unmanageable to make an hearing care for animated characters unless they ‘re mermaids or anthropomorphized animals or insects, yet the Disney animators, with a big aid from the song talents of a brilliant hurl, have pulled it off. ” [ 106 ] Gene Siskel, besides of the Chicago Tribune, gave the movie four out of four stars, saying “ Beauty and the Beast is one of the year ‘s most harbor films for both adults and children. ” [ 107 ] On their Beauty and the Beast edition of Siskel & Ebert, both Siskel and Roger Ebert proclaimed that the film is “ a lawful rival for Oscar retainer as Best painting of the year. ” Michael Sragow of The New Yorker gave the movie a convinced recapitulation, saying “ It ‘s got storytelling vigor and clearness, bright, eclectic vivification, and a kittenish musical brain. ” [ 108 ] Eric Smoodin writes in his book Animating Culture that the studio was trying to make up for earlier sex stereotypes with this film. [ 109 ] Smoodin besides states that, in the way it has been viewed as bringing in concert traditional fagot tales and feminism deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as calculator and traditional liveliness, the movie ‘s “ enormousness could be proved in terms of engineering narrative or even politics ”. [ 110 ] Animation caption Chuck Jones praised the film, in a 1992 guest appearance on Later with Bob Costas he claimed he “ Loved it. I think it should have won [ Best word picture ] … I think the liveliness on the beast is one of the greatest pieces of animation I ‘ve seen ”. [ 111 ] Animation historian Michael Barrier wrote that Belle “ becomes a sort of intellectual less by actually reading books, it seems, than by hanging out with them ”, but says that the film comes closer than other “ Disney-studio ” films to “ accepting challenges of the kind that the finest Walt Disney features met ”. [ 112 ] David Whitley writes in The Idea of Nature in Disney Animation that Belle is different from earlier Disney heroines in that she is by and large free from the burdens of domestic housework, although her character is slightly undefined in the lapp way that “ contemporaneous culture immediately requires most adolescent girls to contribute little in the room of domestic shape before they leave home and have to take on the fraught, multiple responsibilities of the working mother ”. Whitley besides notes other themes and modern influences, such as the movie ‘s critical watch of Gaston ‘s male chauvinism and attitude towards nature, the cyborg-like servants, and the founder ‘s role as an inventor rather than a merchant. [ 113 ] Jordan Peterson, a psychologist, said that “ [ Beauty and the Beast ] is the best disney movie ever made ”, in function because it is a rare example of a female bomber floor. He claims that “ the educate of men is the female hero myth ”. [ 114 ] Beauty and the Beast has been named one of Disney ‘s most critically applaud films. [ 115 ] In 2010, IGN named Beauty and the Beast as the greatest animize film of all time, immediately ahead of WALL-E, The Incredibles, Toy Story 2, and The Iron Giant. [ 116 ] Most critics regard the 1991 animated film as superior to the 2017 live-action remake. Michael Phillips of the Chicago Tribune stated that the 1991 film “ worked wonderfully because it was pure Broadway, written for the screen, blending drollery and love story and magic trick and equitable adequate snark in the margins ”, while the 2017 remake got lost in translation since “ The movie takes our cognition and our pastime in the material for granted. It zips from one number to another, throwing a long ton of demoniacally edited center sugarcoat at the screen, charmlessly. ” Phillips besides wrote of the 2017 film that “ excessively much we ‘re watching highly qualify performers, plus a few less prominently talented ones [ … ], stuck doing karaoke, or motion-capture work of middling choice ”. [ 117 ] Dana Schwartz of the Observer criticized some of the 2017 film changes to characters such as the Beast and Gaston as regressive by watering down their distinguish personalities from the 1991 film, far arguing that the add backstory to the characters in the 2017 adaptation failed to “ advance the plot or theme in any meaningful way ”. [ 118 ] David Sims of The Atlantic wrote that the 2017 film “ feels particularly crying, in separate, because it ‘s sol slavishly devoted to the original ; every time it falls short circuit of its harbinger ( which is quite frequently ), it ‘s hard not to notice ”. [ 119 ]

Accolades [edit ]

Alan Menken and Howard Ashman ‘s sung “ Beauty and the Beast “ won the Academy Award for Best Original Song, while Menken ‘s score won the award for Best Original Score. [ 120 ] Two other Menken and Ashman songs from the film, “ Belle ” and “ Be Our Guest ”, were besides nominated for Best Original Song. [ 120 ] Beauty and the Beast was the first picture to receive three Academy Award nominations for Best Original Song, a feat that would be repeated by The Lion King ( 1994 ), Dreamgirls ( 2006 ), and Enchanted ( 2007 ). [ 120 ] Academy rules have since been changed to limit each film to two nominations in this class, due to the consecutive unintentional failures of Dreamgirls and Enchanted to win the prize. [ 120 ] The film was besides nominated for Best Picture and Best Sound. [ 120 ] It was the first animated film always to be nominated for Best Picture, and remained the only enliven film nominated until 2009 when the Best Picture field was widened to ten nominees, and it remains the only inspire film nominated for the award when it had five nominees. [ 120 ] It became the first musical in twelve years to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best word picture of the Year, following All That Jazz ( 1979 ), and the last one to be nominated until Moulin Rouge! ( 2001 ), ten years later. [ 120 ] It lost the Best picture award to The Silence of the Lambs and the Best Sound award to Terminator 2: Judgment Day. [ 120 ] With six nominations, the film presently shares the record for the most nominations for an enliven movie with WALL-E ( 2008 ), although, with three nominations in the Best Original Song category, Beauty and the Beast ‘s nominations span alone four categories, while WALL-E ‘s nominations cover six individual categories. [ 120 ] While The Little Mermaid was the beginning to be nominated, Beauty and the Beast became the first animated film to win the Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy. [ 120 ] This feat was late repeated by The Lion King and Toy Story 2. [ 120 ]
In 2002, Beauty and the Beast was added to the United States National Film Registry as being deemed “ culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant. ” In June 2008, the American Film Institute revealed its “ Ten Top Ten “ lists of the best ten films in ten “ classic ” american film genres, based on polls of over 1,500 people from the creative residential district. Beauty and the Beast was acknowledged as the seventh-best film in the animation genre. [ 123 ] [ 124 ] In previous lists, it ranked count 22 on the establish ‘s list of effective musicals and count 34 on its list of the best quixotic american english films. [ 125 ] On the number of the greatest songs from american english films, Beauty and the Beast ranked phone number 62. [ 126 ] American Film Institute recognition:

Adaptations [edit ]

Broadway musical [edit ]

According to an article in the Houston Chronicle, “ The catalyst for Disney ‘s braving the phase was an article by The New York Times field critic Frank Rich that praised Beauty and the Beast as 1991 ‘s best musical. Theatre Under The Stars ( TUTS ) executive director Frank Young had been trying to get Disney concern in a phase version of Beauty about the lapp time Eisner and Katzenberg were mulling over Rich ‘s column. But Young could n’t seem to get in touch with the proper person in the Disney empire. nothing happened till the Disney white house started to pursue the project from their end. When they asked George Ives, the head of Actors Equity on the West Coast, which Los Angeles dramaturgy would be the best venue for launching a new musical, Ives said the best field for that determination would be TUTS. not long after that, Disney ‘s Don Frantz and Bettina Buckley contacted Young, and the partnership was under way. ” [ 132 ] A stagecoach condensation of the movie, directed by Robert Jess Roth and choreographed by Matt West, both of whom moved on to the Broadway development, had already been presented at Disneyland at what was then called the Videopolis stage. [ 132 ] Beauty and the Beast premiered in a joint production of Theatre Under The Stars and Disney Theatricals at the Music Hall, Houston, Texas, from November 28, 1993, through December 26, 1993. [ 132 ] On April 18, 1994, Beauty and the Beast premiered on Broadway at the Palace Theatre in New York City to interracial reviews. [ 133 ] [ 134 ] The show transferred to the Lunt-Fontanne Theatre on November 11, 1999. [ 135 ] The commercial success of the show led to productions in the West end, Toronto, and all over the earth. [ 135 ] The Broadway translation, which ran for over a ten, received a Tony Award, and became the first of a whole line of Disney phase productions. [ 136 ] The original Broadway project included Terrence Mann as the Beast, Susan Egan as Belle, Burke Moses as Gaston, Gary Beach as Lumière, Heath Lamberts as Cogsworth, Tom Bosley as Maurice, Beth Fowler as Mrs. Potts, and Stacey Logan as Babette the fledge duster. [ 135 ] many long-familiar actors and singers besides starred in the Broadway production during its thirteen-year run, including Kerry Butler, Deborah Gibson, Toni Braxton, Andrea McArdle, Jamie-Lynn Sigler, Christy Carlson Romano, Ashley Brown, and Anneliese van five hundred Pol as Belle ; Chuck Wagner, James Barbour, and Jeff McCarthy as the Beast ; Meshach Taylor, Patrick Page, Bryan Batt, Jacob Young, and John Tartaglia as Lumière ; Marc Kudisch, Christopher Sieber, and Donny Osmond as Gaston ; and Nick Jonas, Harrison Chad, and Andrew Keenan-Bolger as Chip. [ 135 ] The read ended its Broadway run on July 29, 2007, after 46 previews and 5,461 performances. [ 135 ] As of 2017, it is Broadway ‘s tenth-longest-running show in history. [ 135 ]

Live-action film [edit ]

In June 2014, Walt Disney Pictures announced that a live-action film adaptation of the original animate movie was in the works, with Bill Condon direct and Evan Spiliotopoulos penning the screenplay. [ 137 ] [ 138 ] Condon in the first place planned on not entirely drawing inspiration from the animize film, but besides to include most, if not all, of the Menken/Rice songs from the Broadway musical, with the intention of making the film as a “ straight-forward, live-action, large-budget movie musical ”. [ 139 ] In September 2014, it was announced that Stephen Chbosky would re-write the script. [ 140 ] In January 2015, Emma Watson announced via her Facebook foliate that she would portray Belle in the live-action film. [ 141 ] In March 2015, Dan Stevens, Luke Evans, Emma Thompson, Josh Gad, Audra McDonald, and Kevin Kline joined the film as the Beast, Gaston, Mrs. Potts, Lefou, Garderobe, and Maurice, respectively. [ 142 ] [ 143 ] [ 144 ] [ 145 ] The following month, Ian McKellen, Ewan McGregor, Stanley Tucci, and Gugu Mbatha-Raw joined the mold, as Cogsworth, Lumière, Cadenza, and Plumette, respectively. [ 146 ] [ 147 ] [ 148 ] [ 149 ] Composer Alan Menken returned to score the film ‘s music, with newfangled corporeal written by Menken and Tim Rice. [ 150 ] In June 2015, Menken said the film would not include the songs that were written for the Broadway musical. [ 151 ] Filming began on May 18, 2015, in London, and in Surrey. Production officially wrapped in August 2015. [ 152 ] [ 153 ] The film was released on March 17, 2017. [ 154 ]

merchandise [edit ]

Beauty and the Beast trade cover a across-the-board assortment of products, among them storybook versions of the film ‘s narrative, a comic book based on the film published by Disney Comics, toys, children ‘s costumes, and other items. In addition, the character of Belle has been integrated into the “ Disney Princess “ line of Disney ‘s Consumer Products class, and appears on trade related to that franchise. [ 155 ] In 1995, a live-action children ‘s series entitled Sing Me a Story with Belle began running in syndication, remaining on the air through 1999. [ 156 ] Two direct-to-video followups ( which take space during the timeline depicted in the original film ) were produced by Walt Disney Television Animation : Beauty and the Beast: The Enchanted Christmas in 1997 and Belle’s Magical World in 1998 ; in contrast to the universal applaud of the original, reception to the sequels was highly minus. [ 157 ] [ 158 ] Disney on Ice produced an ice rink version of the movie that opened in 1992 in Lakeland, Florida. The appearance was such a huge commercial and critical success, touring around the world to sell-out crowd, that a television receiver especial was made when it toured Spain in 1994. [ 159 ] The show ended its operate in 2006, after 14 years. [ 159 ]

Video games [edit ]

There are several video games that are loosely based on the film : The first video recording game based on the film was titled Beauty and the Beast: Belle’s Quest and is an action platformer for the Sega Mega Drive/Genesis. Developed by Software Creations, the bet on was released in North America in 1993. [ 160 ] It is one of two television games based on the film that Sunsoft published for the Mega Drive/Genesis, the early being Beauty and The Beast: Roar of the Beast. Characters from the film like Gaston can help the actor past slippery situations. As Belle, the player must reach the Beast ‘s castle and break the spell to live happily always after. To succeed, she must explore the village, forest, castle, and snow-clad forest to solve puzzles and mini-games while ducking or jumping over enemies. Belle ‘s health is represented by a stack of amobarbital sodium books, which diminishes when she touches bats, rats, and other hazards in the crippled. Extra lives, keys and other items are hidden throughout the levels. While there is no continue or game saving ability, players can use a code to start the game at any of the seven levels. [ 161 ] The second television game based on the film was titled Beauty and the Beast: Roar of the Beast and is a side-scrolling video game for the Genesis. As the Beast, the actor must successfully complete respective levels, based on scenes from the movie, in order to protect the castle from invading villagers and forest animals and rescue Belle from Gaston. [ 162 ] The third base and one-fourth television games based on the film are action platformers developed by Probe Software [ 163 ] and published by Hudson Soft. One, titled Beauty and the Beast, was released in Europe in 1994 for the NES, [ 164 ] while the other, Disney’s Beauty and the Beast, was released in North America in July 1994 and in Europe on February 23, 1995 for the SNES. The integral games are played through the perspective of the Beast. As the Beast, the player must get Belle to fall in love so that the bane cast upon him and his palace will be broken. The final party boss of the game is Gaston. [ 163 ] The Beast can walk, jump, swipe, stomp, super stomp, and roar, the last of which is used to both price enemies and reveal shroud objects. [ 165 ] The one-fifth video game based on the film was titled Disney’s Beauty and the Beast: A Boardgame Adventure and is a Disney Boardgame venture for the Game Boy Color. It was released on October 25, 1999. [ 166 ] The video recording game series Kingdom Hearts features a world based on the film, named “ Beast ‘s Castle ”, along with respective of the film ‘s characters. In the foremost game, the earth has been destroyed and Belle kidnapped by the Heartless, led by Maleficent, but the Beast travels to Maleficent ‘s stronghold and works with Sora to defeat Maleficent and rescue Belle and the other capture princesses. [ 167 ] In Kingdom Hearts II, the world has since been restored following Ansem ‘s frustration, but Beast and Belle are having difficulties due to the enigmatic Xaldin of Organization XIII attempting to bring out the Beast ‘s colored side in club to turn him into a Heartless and a cipher, but the Beast finally comes to his senses and works with Sora once again to defeat Xaldin once and for all. In the game ‘s ending credits, the Beast turns second into the Prince. In Kingdom Hearts: 358/2 Days, the populace is featured as a playable level but the narrative is not essential to the main plot. In Kingdom Hearts χ, the earth is featured again, this time as a delusion that follows the plot of the movie more closely. The characters featured in the series are Beast, Belle, Lumiere, Gaston, Cogsworth, Mrs. Potts, Chip, Maurice, and the Wardrobe. After Gaston is defeated, the Beast transforms back into the Prince. Gaston does not appear in Kingdom Hearts II, the worldly concern ‘s primary antagonist being Xaldin, an original character created for the series, but who shares several traits with Forte, the chief antagonist of Beauty and the Beast: The Enchanted Christmas. [ 168 ]

Sequels [edit ]

The success of the film spawned three direct-to-video sequels : Beauty and the Beast: The Enchanted Christmas ( 1997 ) and Beauty and the Beast: Belle’s Magical World ( 1998 ), and Belle’s Tales of Friendship ( 1999 ), all of which take place in the timeline of the master. This was followed by a by-product television receiver serial, Sing Me a Story with Belle .

Theme park attraction [edit ]

See besides [edit ]

Notes [edit ]

References [edit ]

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