Bankstown – Wikipedia

suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Bankstown is a suburb south west of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is 16 kilometres southwest of the Sydney central occupation zone and is located in the local government area of the City of Canterbury-Bankstown, having previously been the administrative center of the City of Bankstown anterior to 2016. It is the most populous suburb within the City of Canterbury-Bankstown .

history [edit ]

Before european settlement, Cumberland Plains Woodland occupied much of the area. Turpentine ironbark forest covered much of what is nowadays Bankstown. The land was occupied by the Bediagal people. Their land bordered the Dharawal and the Darung people.

In 1795, Matthew Flinders and George Bass explored up the Georges River for about 32 kilometres ( 20 mi ) beyond what had been previously surveyed, and reported favorably to Governor Hunter of the farming on its banks. [ 2 ] Hunter examined the state himself, and established one of the pioneer colonies there, called Bank ‘s Town, today written as one give voice : Bankstown. [ 3 ] Hunter named the area Bankstown after Sir Joseph Banks, who travelled to Australia with Captain James Cook in 1770. The area of inaugural european village along the river has been partially preserved as character of the Mirambeena Regional Park. The beginning town hall and Council Chambers were opened on 22 october 1898 by Mayor Ines Peter Miller [ 4 ] on the northern side of the Hume Highway ( Liverpool Road ), near Rookwood Road ( site of the Three Swallows Hotel ). The council chambers were relocated to a new construct in South Terrace ( now Old Town Centre Plaza ) in June 1918. The build still stands and now has a patronize arcade running through it. Foundation stones from the old Town Halls have been preserved in a display outside the current Council Chambers. In 1826, bush rangers were hanged on the site of the water tugboat Bankstown Reservoir. [ 5 ]

World War II [edit ]

Bankstown Plaza in 1946 In 1939, local residents were made privy to the events of World War II. Conscripted residents were required to report for duty at a drill mansion on Canterbury Road, Belmore. Camps were set up in and around Canterbury Racecourse and local anesthetic parks in the zone. Residents with extraneous names were sent to internment camps as there was growing suspicion about residents with extraneous names. A assign of these folk were australian citizens who served with the Australian armed forces during World War I. [ 6 ] : 14–16 During World War II, Bankstown Airport was established as a winder strategic air base to support the war effort. After the arrival of Douglas MacArthur in Australia, control of Bankstown Airport was handed to US Forces, becoming home to US 35th Fighter Squadron and the 41st Pursuit Squadron of the United States Air Force and the United States Army Air Forces who occupied the airport from 1942 to 1944. In 1945 operations became the province of the british Fleet Air Arm, known as HMS Nabberley, [ 7 ] until 1946, when it was handed back to the RAAF. [ 8 ] [ 9 ] During this period an RAAF unit known as No. 1 Fighter Sector RAAF took control of the Capital Hall in Bankstown. This whole was formed in Bankstown, on 25 February 1942. Their live quarters were located adjacent door and down the road from the hall and the staff were housed in galvanize iron barracks. Operations were handed over to the United States Army Air Corps on 10 April 1942 before they were transferred to a disused railroad track burrow at St James railroad track station in Sydney. The unit was renamed Air Defence Headquarters Sydney ( ADHQ ) on 21 January 1945 and moved into a three-storey semi-underground function built operations and plotting facility at Bankstown, known as the Bankstown Bunker. [ 10 ] World War II began Bankstown ‘s industrial revolution. few factories or industry of any consequence were located in Bankstown prior to 1945 ; this was changed dramatically between 1942 and 1954, particularly when the Department of Aircraft Production gave approval for aircraft manufacturer Hawker De Havilland to operate a factory at the airport for the production and fabricate of de Havilland Mosquito bombers. There are nowadays over seven-thousand businesses operating within the Bankstown district. [ 11 ]

Bankstown Bunker [edit ]

The Bankstown Bunker is a disused RAAF operations facility, located on the corner of Marion and Edgar Street, Bankstown. The particularly constructed bunker became an significant Royal Australian Air Force headquarter from 1945 until its blockage in 1947. [ 6 ] : 13 The Bankstown Bunker is of like design to the underground Ops rooms of wartime England, which directed Britain ‘s air defense combatant plane attacks on the invade german Luftwaffe. entrance to the bunker was obtained through a concrete passage which was well screened by a grassy gradient ; a stairway led to a maze of corridors and hallways leading to respective sections. [ 12 ] [ 13 ] The Bankstown bunker is presently buried under a public park, surrounded by residential dwellings at the northerly end of Taylor Street. [ 14 ] [ 15 ]

Post World War II [edit ]

After World War II, Bankstown ‘s population increased dramatically. People relocated from the inner-city and entrance migrants came, first as refugees from Europe and towards the end of the twentieth hundred from Asia and the Middle East ( particularly Vietnamese and Lebanese [ 16 ] ) and the rest of the world. Bankstown Council relocated to its one-third premises in 1963 when the Civic Centre that was located on the corner of Chapel Road and The Mall was constructed. It included the Council Chambers, or ‘Roundhouse ‘. The current township anteroom was built in 1973. The administration build which was part of the 1963 premises, was destroyed by fire on 1 July 1997. Council offices relocated to Bankstown Civic Tower ( the blue column ) in 1999 and on 13 June 2000 Bankstown ‘s nowadays popular Central Park, where the former administration construction once stood, was formally declared Paul Keating Park. [ 6 ] : 13

inheritance [edit ]

Bankstown has a number of heritage-listed sites, including :

climate [edit ]

Bankstown has a humid subtropical climate ( Köppen climate categorization : Cfa ). Like most of western Sydney, it has warm to hot summers and mild winters. The average summer temperature range is from 17.6 °C ( 63.7 °F ) to 27.8 °C ( 82.0 °F ), although hot north-westerly winds can cause temperatures to rise up to 40 °C ( 104 °F ). On average, Bankstown has 8.8 days per year where the temperature rises above 35 °C ( 95 °F ), [ 18 ] as opposed to entirely 3.0 days for Sydney Observatory Hill. [ 19 ] The average winter temperature range is from 5.9 °C ( 42.6 °F ) to 18.0 °C ( 64.4 °F ). On an average of one nox a year, the minimal temperature falls below freezing ( 0 °C ). [ citation needed ] The highest temperature recorded at Bankstown was 46.1 °C ( 115.0 °F ) on 18 January 2013, and the lowest temperature recorded was -4.0 °C ( 24.8 °F ) on 26 July 1968. Bankstown ‘s annual entail rain is 869.0mm, slightly less than the Sydney CBD, which is affected more by coastal showers which do not penetrate very far inland .

Climate data for Bankstown Airport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 46.1
Average high °C (°F) 28.2
Average low °C (°F) 18.1
Record low °C (°F) 10.4
Average precipitation mm (inches) 90.8
Average precipitation days ( ≥ 0.2 millimeter ) 11.0 11.0 11.3 9.0 9.6 9.5 8.0 7.2 7.5 9.1 11.0 9.9 114.1
Average relative humidity (%) 54 57 55 54 55 55 50 44 45 48 52 51 52
Mean monthly sunshine hours 254.2 201.6 229.4 234.0 238.7 174.0 248.0 260.4 258.0 254.2 282.0 288.3 2,922.8
Source 1: Bureau of Meteorology[20]
Source 2: Weather-Atlas (sun)[21]

commercial area [edit ]

Bankstown ‘s cardinal commercial enterprise zone is clustered around Bankstown railway station. The commercial area beside the railway station is known as Bankstown Plaza, while the heathen diverseness of the area has resulted in a master of ceremonies of restaurants, eateries and cafe. Bankstown Central, once known as Centro Bankstown and previously known as Bankstown Square, is a boastfully shop centre, immediately to the northeast of the railway place. It was beginning opened in 1966 and has been expanded a phone number of times. Bankstown is the seat of major industry including the aviation, mastermind and sustenance at Bankstown Airport. early employers include minor industrial operations, the public military service and the retail diligence. The suburb is affected with unusually high unemployment and is subject to a dedicated income management program specifically targeting the problem. [ 22 ]
Panoramic see of Bankstown CBD

transport [edit ]

southerly entrance to Bankstown railway station Bankstown railroad track station is on the Bankstown line of the Sydney Trains network. The rail trace was built to Belmore in 1895 and then extended to Bankstown in 1909. The line was electrified in 1926. In 1928, the trace was extended westwards from Bankstown to join the Main Suburban railway at Lidcombe and the Main South occupation to Liverpool. Bankstown is a major bus exchange for a number of bus topology services. The Sydney Metropolitan Airport, more normally known as Bankstown Airport, was established in 1940 and is constructed on 313 hectares. It has three runways, an extensive taxiway and includes a bombastic business park containing over 170 businesses .

Parks [edit ]

major parks within Bankstown include McLeod Reserve, Bankstown Oval, Paul Keating Park and Bankstown City Gardens. ‘Bankstown City Gardens ‘ were opened to the public in 1973. These gardens consist of many unusual types of plant found in Bankstown and the surrounding area. The ballpark consist of unlike areas, native, tropical, rose garden and Perennial. [ 23 ] ‘ Paul Keating Park ‘ was built on the web site of Bankstown Council ‘s former presidency build, after it was destroyed by fire on 1 July 1997 .

Schools [edit ]

In 1862, the Church of England School was first opened and was commissioned as a populace school in 1867. [ citation needed ] Bankstown ‘s first base public school was built where McLeod Reserve is presently situated in 1880. In 1882 49 boys and 36 girls were enrolled, and care expenses totalled 219 pounds, eight shillings and 11 penny. The school ‘s first headmaster was Dugald McLeod who taught at the school since its open until 1912. The site of the well used by Bankstown Public School is today commemorated by a brass. The school was demolished in 1924 due to the development of North Bankstown School in the like year. [ 24 ] The current Bankstown Public School, located in Restwell Street Central Bankstown, opened in 1915. It recently celebrated its centennial ( 1915-2015 ). Since then Bankstown has seen the development of respective different educational facilities, such as, Al Amanah College, Bankstown Senior College ( once Bankstown Boys High School 1963–1991 ), Bankstown Girls High School, Georges River Grammar School, LaSalle Catholic College and St Euphemia College. third institutions located in the suburb include TAFE NSW Bankstown and Western Sydney University Bankstown Campus .

Community facilities [edit ]

Bankstown Library and Knowledge Centre

library [edit ]

The Bankstown Central Library [ 25 ] has served Bankstown on its present site in The Mall since 1954. Eight years earlier in 1946, Bankstown became the first municipality to adopt the Library Act of 1939 by opening a Children ‘s Library, located at Restwell Street. The Bankstown Central Library was demolished in 1981 to make way for a different facility which opened in 1983. [ citation needed ] Bankstown ‘s current library, the Bankstown Library and Knowledge Centre was opened in April 2014. The library was designed by FJMT and is located following to the Western Sydney University Bankstown Campus. [ 26 ]

Places of worship [edit ]

Truc Lam and Huyen Quang Temple, Vietnamese Buddhist temples, are located in the suburb. [ 27 ]

population [edit ]

Demographics [edit ]

Bankstown has one of the most ethnically divers communities in Australia. Bankstown is considered one of the most multicultural areas in the area with over 60 different languages spoken by the people of this suburb. In the 2016 census, Bankstown recorded a population of 32,113 people : of 50.7 % female and 49.3 % male. The medial historic period of the Bankstown population was 32 years, 6 years below the national median of 38. 37.1 % of people living in Bankstown were born in Australia. The early top responses for state of birth were Vietnam 14.1 %, Lebanon 6.2 %, China 5.3 %, Pakistan 3.1 % and Bangladesh 2.1 %. 17.7 % of people spoke only English at family ; the next most common languages were 21.1 % Arabic, 19.0 % vietnamese, 4.9 % Mandarin, Urdu 4.0 % and Cantonese ( 3.6 % ) In the 2016 Census, the largest responses to the question on religion in Bankstown were 37.9 % Christian, 28.9 % Islam, 17.7 % No Religion, 11.2 % not stated and 11.1 % Buddhist. Catholic, 12.9 % was the largest christian appellation. [ 1 ]

luminary residents [edit ]

The follow people are residents or former residents of Bankstown :

gallery [edit ]

References [edit ]

  • Sue Rosen 1996, Bankstown, a Sense of Identity

Coordinates :

reservoir :
Category : Fashion


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